Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,452 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 11,360 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,497 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 10,622 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,639 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,084 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,754 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 19,203 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,029 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 2,392 items Explore
  • 449 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 19,787 items Explore
  • 800 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 146 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 119 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 803 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 29,236 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,848 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,973 items Explore
  • 9,670 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,765 items Explore
  • 7,461 items Explore
  • 4,439 items Explore
  • 1,613 items Explore
  • 930 items Explore
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,428 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,095 items Explore
  • 505 items Explore
  • 1,047 items Explore
  • 1,123 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,952 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,922 items Explore
  • 1,575 items Explore
  • 203 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,429 items Explore
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 843 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 743 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 349 items Explore
  • 2,425 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 37,821 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 275 items Explore
  • 8,067 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 762 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,752 items Explore
  • 917 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,348 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,338 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,030 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 734 items
  • 868 items
  • 1 items
  • 895 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 11,300 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,050 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 7,589 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,358 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,727 items Explore
  • 9,199 items Explore
  • 7,748 items Explore
  • 200 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 867 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,133 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 223 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,545 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,729 items Explore
  • 15,808 items Explore
  • 3,130 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,317 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,319 items Explore
  • 129 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,167 items Explore
  • 3,390 items Explore
  • 2,136 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 42,199 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 24,442 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 27 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 13,212 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,532 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,284 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,928 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 773 items Explore
  • 3,137 items Explore
  • 43 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,682 items Explore
  • 23,090 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,324 items Explore
  • 3,574 items Explore
  • 2,663 items Explore
  • 4,776 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,899 items Explore
  • 4,772 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,978 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,863 items Explore
  • 291 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 470 items Explore
  • 6,120 items Explore
  • 8,810 items Explore
  • 1,859 items Explore
  • 5,793 items Explore
  • 3,339 items Explore
  • 11,064 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,675 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,968 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 2 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,609 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,406 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,713 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,169 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,565 items Explore
  • 1,005 items Explore
  • 1,920 items
  • 7,549 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,945 items Explore
  • 1,418 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,575 items Explore
  • 16,395 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,669 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 9,403 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,394 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 297 items Explore
  • 8,369 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,520 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,832 items Explore
  • 464 items
  • 339 items Explore
  • 12,692 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,688 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,493 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,135 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 74,347 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,847 items Explore
  • 237 items
  • 3,618 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,341 items Explore
  • 5,508 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 177 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 11,172 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,548 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 16,994 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,587 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Judas Maccabaeus praying for the Dead (after Rubens)

Victor Wolfvoet II (Antwerp 1612- Antwerp 1652)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1600 - 1699

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

639 x 496 mm (25 1/8 x 19 1/2 in)

Place of origin

Antwerp

Order this image

Collection

Upton House, Warwickshire

NT 446767

Caption

The story is taken from II Maccabees (xii, 39-42), when on the day after the Sabbath, following their victory over the men of Gorgias, the Jews go to bury their dead and pray for them. They realise the cause of their comrade’s deaths when they discover on their corpses the stolen idols of the Jamnites, forbidden to the Jews. Judas Maccabeus nonetheless made a collection of silver to send to Jerusalem as a ‘sin offering’ on behalf of the dead “that they might be delivered from sin.” In the Counter-Reformation, this was regarded as a prefiguration of Christian forgiveness, and of the speeding of the release of souls from Purgatory through prayer and pious offerings. It has been suggested that this picture was copied after a lost ‘modello’ (model) for the Rubens’s altarpiece commissioned by Maximilien Vilain, Bishop of Tournai, for the altar of the Souls of Purgatory in Tournai Cathedral.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Judas Maccabaeus praying for the Dead by Victor Wolfvoet II (Antwerp 1612- Antwerp 1652), after a hypothetical sketch by Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) for the altarpiece. In the background a victory procession passes to the left. Judas Maccabaeus, wearing armour and a red cloak, stands on a mound in the centre, apparently praying, while a priest summons him to join the procession. In the foreground the idols are found on the dead and a Jew hands a gold object to a priest. It illustrates an episode from the apocryphal biblical book of II Maccabees 12:39–48 in which Judah's troops found stolen idolatrous charms on the corpses of Jewish warriors slain on the battlefield. He therefore offered prayers and an expiatory sacrifice for these warriors who had died in a state of sin. During the Counter-Reformation the passage was used by Catholics against Protestants in order to justify the doctrine of purgatory. Rubens was commissioned to paint the scene for the Chapel of the Dead in Tournai Cathedral in 1634 and having been looted by French revolutionary forces in 1794 is now in the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, Nantes (inv. no. 429; D.804.11.P).

Provenance

Given with Upton House to the National Trust by Walter Samuel, 2nd Viscount Bearsted (1882 – 1948) shortly before his death in 1948

Credit line

Upton House, The Bearsted Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

Victor Wolfvoet II (Antwerp 1612- Antwerp 1652), photographer after Sir Peter Paul Rubens (Siegen 1577 - Antwerp 1640), artist

References

Martin 2016 Gregory Martin, 'Two Antwerp cabinets decorated by Victor Wolfvoet II', with Checklist by Bert Schepers, The Burlington Magazine, October 2016, no. 1363, vol. CLVIII, pp. 793-802 Flamands et Hollandais: la collection du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nanates, suivi du catalogue raisonné des peintures flamandes, hollandais, allemandes et espagnoles du XVe au XVIIIe, Nanates (Château des ducs de Breatagne), 2015, no. 10

View more details

Related articles