Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 89 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,433 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 871 items
  • 4 items
  • 220 items
  • 12,559 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,229 items Explore
  • 8,493 items Explore
  • 5,043 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 12,977 items Explore
  • 13,621 items Explore
  • 4,806 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,009 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,746 items Explore
  • 17 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 267 items
  • 19,886 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,911 items Explore
  • 1,083 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,049 items Explore
  • 449 items Explore
  • 919 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 20,288 items Explore
  • 800 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 797 items
  • 20 items
  • 4 items
  • 26 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 804 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 36,750 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,863 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,533 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 11,210 items Explore
  • 9,692 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 38 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 7,091 items Explore
  • 7,460 items Explore
  • 4,516 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1,859 items Explore
  • 1,191 items Explore
  • 22,343 items Explore
  • 3,662 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,371 items Explore
  • 23 items Explore
  • 352 items Explore
  • 796 items Explore
  • 1,091 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 1,143 items Explore
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,950 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 4 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 63 items
  • 2 items
  • 2,937 items Explore
  • 1,579 items Explore
  • 202 items
  • 91 items
  • 21,957 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 843 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 281 items
  • 313 items
  • 684 items Explore
  • 346 items Explore
  • 2,428 items
  • 2,535 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,385 items Explore
  • 41,282 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 275 items Explore
  • 8,580 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 775 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 58 items
  • 52 items
  • 22,443 items Explore
  • 917 items
  • 65 items
  • 22,554 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,338 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,028 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 759 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,305 items Explore
  • 177 items
  • 59 items
  • 11 items
  • 455 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 129 items
  • 295 items
  • 447 items
  • 286 items
  • 1 items
  • 790 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 11,291 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,050 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 8,015 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,872 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,715 items Explore
  • 9,192 items Explore
  • 7,805 items Explore
  • 185 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 853 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 2,329 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 269 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,540 items Explore
  • 695 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,718 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 18,755 items Explore
  • 3,142 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 10,982 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,527 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 13,221 items Explore
  • 3,460 items Explore
  • 5,594 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 46,714 items Explore
  • 644 items Explore
  • 417 items
  • 25,996 items Explore
  • 217 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 35 items
  • 27 items
  • 434 items Explore
  • 636 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 13,116 items Explore
  • 1,350 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,260 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,537 items Explore
  • 913 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 319 items
  • 703 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,286 items Explore
  • 1,663 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,876 items Explore
  • 150 items
  • 38 items
  • 81 items
  • 680 items Explore
  • 3,063 items Explore
  • 43 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,675 items Explore
  • 23,134 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,372 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,437 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,897 items Explore
  • 4,810 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 42 items
  • 6,908 items Explore
  • 4,832 items Explore
  • 256 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,974 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1,901 items Explore
  • 193 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 466 items Explore
  • 6,117 items Explore
  • 8,738 items Explore
  • 1,865 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,801 items Explore
  • 3,339 items Explore
  • 11,064 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,793 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 611 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 17 items
  • 154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 95 items Explore
  • 460 items
  • 3 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,606 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 5 items
  • 5 items
  • 9,481 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 7 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,745 items Explore
  • 1,161 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,557 items Explore
  • 1,920 items
  • 24 items
  • 7,831 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,926 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,673 items Explore
  • 15,111 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,667 items Explore
  • 181 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 5,686 items Explore
  • 12,192 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,221 items Explore
  • 358 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 491 items
  • 664 items Explore
  • 8,381 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 7,346 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 4,478 items Explore
  • 420 items
  • 9 items
  • 339 items Explore
  • 12,703 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 535 items
  • 3,704 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,232 items Explore
  • 2,502 items Explore
  • 734 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,139 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 228 items Explore
  • 79,000 items Explore
  • 3,053 items Explore
  • 2,874 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 5,338 items Explore
  • 1,831 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,459 items Explore
  • 4,762 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 86 items
  • 3 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 12,189 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,559 items Explore
  • 214 items
  • 17,037 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,593 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,044 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 308 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Diorama of mining bottle

Matthew Buchinger (1674 - 1739)

Category

Models

Date

1719

Materials

Glass, Wood, Metal, Wax, Paper

Measurements

220 x 110 x 110 mm

Place of origin

Germany

Order this image

Collection

Snowshill Manor and Garden, Gloucestershire

NT 1333094.1

Caption

This remarkable glass bottle contains a busy scene. Tiny wooden figures wield tools and operate miniature mining machinery across two levels. A label on one side of the bottle reads ‘After October the 20 1719. This work in this bottle is mendet by me, Matthew Buchinger, born without hands or feet in Germany June the 3 1674.’ The construction of objects or dioramas inside glass bottles became popular in Europe in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Some of the earliest surviving bottles featured people, tools and mining scenes such as this one, which was collected by Charles Paget Wade (1883–1956). Later bottles featured religious symbols, tokens of faith and miniature ships. Matthew Buchinger (1674–1740), whose name appears on the bottle, was a German artist, magician and calligrapher. He gained particular fame for his dexterity, which he demonstrated in public performances, and for his micrography (illustrations consisting of very small text). This ‘whimsy bottle’ is an impressive creation and shows a great deal of skill.

Summary

Diorama of Mining within a square glass bottle. Bottle contains wooded miniature figures and mining tools on two levels showing surface and mine. Wooden stopper with glass seal. Label on one side reads: ‘After October the 20 1719. This work in this bottle is mendet by me, Matthew Buchinger, born without hands or feet in Germany June the 3 1674’. The wooden storage box (1333094.2/SNO.G.59.2) for this diorama is in Store.

Full description

Creating miniature dioramas and objects inside glass bottles was popular in Europe from the 18th century. As glass bottles were mass-produced and became easier to acquire, bottles with a variety of religious scenes, patriotic themes, nautical dioramas and scenes with people became common. Some of the earliest surviving bottles depict mining scenes, like this one at Snowshill. Over 140 mining bottles were recorded in a 1995 monograph by Peter Huber and Otto Fitz for the Austrian Museum of Folk Art, many originating in Hungary and Slovakia and dating to the 18th and 19th centuries. Typically, the mining scene takes place across two or three levels, with miners at the lowest level digging ore. In this example at Snowshill, a man at the second level uses a wheel to draw the ore up from the mine, while another miner sharpens a pile with an axe. The label in this bottle – and accompanying description on the box – states it was created by Matthew Buchinger in October 1719. Buchinger (1674–1740) was a talented German artist, gifted musician and renowned performer. He was born without hands or feet and came to England in the retinue of King George I in the unsuccessful hope of securing a pension. Handbills from 1716 onwards advertise his dexterity and magic tricks. He also produced portraits and was renowned for his calligraphy and micrography, or miniature writing. Close examine of a striking self-portrait drawn in 1724 reveals the curls of Buchinger’s wig are created out of miniature lines of Biblical text, including seven psalms.

Provenance

Given to the National Trust with Snowshill Manor in 1951 by Charles Paget Wade.

Marks and inscriptions

...october y.20.1719. This Work in This Bottle/ is Maded by me Matthew Buchinger, born Without/ Hands or Feet in Germany..1674.

Makers and roles

Matthew Buchinger (1674 - 1739), maker

View more details