Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 89 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,451 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 871 items
  • 4 items
  • 220 items
  • 12,132 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,232 items Explore
  • 8,481 items Explore
  • 5,045 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 12,992 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,865 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,082 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,748 items Explore
  • 13 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 267 items
  • 19,796 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,917 items Explore
  • 1,083 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,048 items Explore
  • 449 items Explore
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 20,050 items
  • 800 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 797 items
  • 20 items
  • 4 items
  • 26 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 803 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 36,424 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,863 items Explore
  • 1,533 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 10,985 items Explore
  • 9,686 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 38 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 7,049 items Explore
  • 7,471 items Explore
  • 4,511 items Explore
  • 1,843 items Explore
  • 1,192 items Explore
  • 22,343 items Explore
  • 3,601 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,392 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 796 items Explore
  • 1,090 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 1,127 items Explore
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,950 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 63 items
  • 2 items
  • 2,936 items Explore
  • 1,579 items Explore
  • 203 items
  • 91 items
  • 20,234 items Explore
  • 1,166 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 856 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 281 items
  • 313 items
  • 682 items Explore
  • 1,987 items
  • 348 items Explore
  • 2,427 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,391 items Explore
  • 40,534 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,284 items Explore
  • 275 items Explore
  • 8,548 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 776 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 58 items
  • 52 items
  • 22,278 items Explore
  • 917 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,557 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,335 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,028 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 759 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 174 items
  • 59 items
  • 455 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 447 items
  • 287 items
  • 1 items
  • 790 items Explore
  • 270 items Explore
  • 11,288 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,049 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 8,000 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,767 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,722 items Explore
  • 9,190 items Explore
  • 7,755 items Explore
  • 185 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 853 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 2,473 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,095 items Explore
  • 269 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,540 items Explore
  • 695 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,715 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 18,688 items Explore
  • 3,140 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 10,981 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,543 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 13,198 items Explore
  • 3,457 items Explore
  • 5,404 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 45,915 items Explore
  • 641 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 26,000 items Explore
  • 217 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 35 items
  • 27 items
  • 356 items Explore
  • 217 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 12,661 items Explore
  • 1,351 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,260 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,533 items Explore
  • 913 items Explore
  • 61 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 319 items
  • 704 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,308 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,873 items Explore
  • 150 items
  • 81 items
  • 680 items Explore
  • 3,063 items Explore
  • 43 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,675 items Explore
  • 23,147 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,372 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,430 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,896 items Explore
  • 4,782 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 42 items
  • 6,898 items Explore
  • 4,780 items Explore
  • 256 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,976 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1,902 items Explore
  • 193 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 466 items Explore
  • 6,115 items Explore
  • 8,738 items Explore
  • 1,861 items Explore
  • 5,801 items Explore
  • 3,339 items Explore
  • 11,064 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,793 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,996 items Explore
  • 611 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 17 items
  • 152 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 460 items
  • 7 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,610 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,467 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 7 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,792 items Explore
  • 1,164 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,562 items Explore
  • 1,920 items
  • 24 items
  • 7,834 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,945 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,677 items Explore
  • 16,233 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,669 items Explore
  • 181 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 12,134 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,256 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 491 items
  • 665 items Explore
  • 8,553 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 7,344 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 4,498 items Explore
  • 420 items
  • 6 items
  • 205 items Explore
  • 12,701 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 516 items
  • 3,703 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,232 items Explore
  • 2,501 items Explore
  • 734 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,139 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 226 items Explore
  • 78,431 items Explore
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,844 items Explore
  • 64 items
  • 3,541 items Explore
  • 1,831 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,445 items Explore
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 86 items
  • 3 items
  • 1,177 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 12,186 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,554 items Explore
  • 214 items
  • 17,028 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 627 items Explore
  • 1,584 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,041 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Hydria

manner of Antimenes Painter (fl. c.530 - c.510 BCE)

Category

Ceramics

Date

540 BC - 510 BC

Materials

Black-figure technique, incised and painted in slip

Measurements

42.5 cm (Height)

Place of origin

Athens

Order this image

Collection

Charlecote Park, Warwickshire

NT 532413

Caption

Decorated black-figure vases were a common feature in the homes of wealthy ancient Greeks. They survive in quite large numbers, but this example includes a particularly skilfully painted scene depicting a chariot with four horses, the goddess Athena and one of the labours of Heracles, a major Greek mythical hero. Many similar vases were exported to Italy, where they were considered high-status objects and buried as part of tomb treasure, probably as offerings to the gods or for use in the afterlife. This one may have been excavated from a grave in the Etruscan city of Vulci, which flourished prior to 200BC. It was probably acquired by the owner of Charlecote Park in Warwickshire, George Hammond Lucy (1789–1845), who was a keen collector of ancient art. It was displayed in his library to show the artistry and sophistication of the Greek civilisation.

Summary

An Athenian terracotta hydria (three-handled pitcher), c.540–510 BC. Black-figure technique, incised and painted in slip. Probably acquired by George Hammond Lucy. Having been given by Lord Brooke of Warwick a catalogue of Greek Vases and other artefacts to be sold in London, Lucy purchased some of the vases which are now in the Library. On 12 July 1838 he paid to Messrs. Brown, Scagliola Works, University Street, London, the sum of £125 for four vases. Some of the other vases were bought in Italy in 1842.

Full description

The golden age of collecting ancient Athenian vases began in 1828 with the discovery of over 3,000 examples in the ruins of Vulci, an Etruscan city in Viterbo, Italy. The land belonged to Napoleon’s brother Lucien Bonaparte, prince de Canino and Musignano, and his wife, Alexandrine de Bleschamp. Bonaparte’s excavations began in earnest in a serious archaeological spirit, but the tombs were soon ruthlessly stripped of their treasures, promoted and sold in international exhibitions and auctions. Additional finds were exhibited in 1837 in London by the Tuscan excavator and entrepreneur Vincenzo Campanari. By the mid-nineteenth century, Attic vases were part of the fabric of historic English collections, displayed in dedicated rooms, libraries or long galleries as objects for intellectual enquiry, yet few survive in their original locations. Among fourteen vases at Charlecote Park are five very similar black-figure ‘hydriai’ made around 540–510 BC and possibly excavated at Vulci. These vessels were made of bronze or pottery and were for carrying water. The black-figure technique was invented in Corinth around 700 BC. It involved painting a slip (liquid clay) over vessels of iron-rich clay and a three-stage firing process that turned the slip into a glossy black and the clay orange-red. This example includes a skilfully painted scene depicting a chariot with four horses, the goddess Athena and one of the labours of Heracles, who is seen wrestling the Nemean Lion. The vase was probably acquired by George Hammond Lucy (1789–1845). Lucy and his family travelled to Italy in 1842, where they visited Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum and Pompeii. Details of their Italian tour were published in 1862 by George’s wife Mary Elizabeth (1803–90), who listed the following purchases in Naples: ‘large Etruscan vase, (modern), with a representation in colours on a white ground of the battle between Darius and Alexander, which now stands on the bookcase in the library, also four ancient Etruscan Greek vases, which stand on the bookcase’. The vases are still displayed in Charlecote’s library. Some may have been acquired by Lucy’s younger brother, the Revd John Lucy (1790–1874), who also visited Naples in 1840–2, or his great uncle George Lucy (1714–86), a Grand Tourist who was in Rome and Naples in 1756–8.Text adapted from Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016.

Provenance

Presented to the National Trust by Sir Montgomerie Fairfax-Lucy (1896 – 1965), two years after the death of his father, Sir Henry Ramsay-Fairfax, 3rd Bt (1870 – 1944), with Charlecote Park and its chief contents, in 1946.

Makers and roles

manner of Antimenes Painter (fl. c.530 - c.510 BCE), painter

References

Ferguson 2016: Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016, pp. 184-5

View more details