Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 6 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,446 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,297 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,505 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 10,621 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,646 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,085 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,757 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 19,207 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,026 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 2,396 items Explore
  • 456 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 19,514 items Explore
  • 791 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 9 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 802 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 28,475 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,777 items Explore
  • 9,685 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,138 items Explore
  • 7,443 items Explore
  • 4,433 items Explore
  • 1,544 items Explore
  • 930 items Explore
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 1,047 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 1,575 items Explore
  • 203 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,430 items Explore
  • 1,242 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 843 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 747 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 349 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 35,603 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,285 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,064 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 732 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,747 items Explore
  • 916 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,233 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,052 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 293 items
  • 734 items
  • 867 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 11,300 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,054 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 7,404 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,363 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,731 items Explore
  • 9,201 items Explore
  • 7,747 items Explore
  • 200 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 826 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,170 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 223 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,495 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,652 items Explore
  • 14,403 items Explore
  • 3,130 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,317 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,319 items Explore
  • 129 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,167 items Explore
  • 3,382 items Explore
  • 2,324 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 41,539 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,271 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 27 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 13,208 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,536 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,284 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,928 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,037 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,655 items Explore
  • 23,089 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,323 items Explore
  • 3,572 items Explore
  • 2,649 items Explore
  • 4,776 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,899 items Explore
  • 4,789 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,972 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 291 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 444 items Explore
  • 6,120 items Explore
  • 8,831 items Explore
  • 1,859 items Explore
  • 5,793 items Explore
  • 3,339 items Explore
  • 11,046 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,645 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,962 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,609 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,402 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,713 items Explore
  • 1,169 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,565 items Explore
  • 1,005 items Explore
  • 1,924 items
  • 7,130 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,940 items Explore
  • 1,418 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,575 items Explore
  • 16,344 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,669 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,382 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 299 items Explore
  • 8,365 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,943 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,832 items Explore
  • 464 items
  • 5 items
  • 339 items Explore
  • 12,691 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,693 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,494 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,135 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 74,108 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,848 items Explore
  • 39 items
  • 3,618 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,334 items Explore
  • 5,508 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 11,083 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,546 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 16,819 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,587 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Elevation and plan for a gothic eye-catcher at Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire

attributed to Henry Flitcroft (Twiss Green, Cheshire 1697 – Hampstead 1769)

Category

Architecture / Drawings

Date

circa 1749

Materials

Pen and ink with grey wash on wove paper

Measurements

452 x 353 mm

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Wimpole, Cambridgeshire (Accredited Museum)

NT 206191

Summary

Here attributed to Henry Flitcroft (Twiss Green, Cheshire 1697 – Hampstead 1769). Elevation and plan for a gothic eye-catcher at Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, c. 1749, pen and ink, with grey wash (452 x 353mm), scale given, watermarked with a Fleur-de-lis in crowned cartouche above IVG.

Full description

It is not clear how this drawing, for a somewhat rectilinear and only very slightly ruinous eye-catcher, with octagonal corner turrets, crenellated parapet and a large window to the central, projecting bay, fits into the story of Wimpole's Gothic folly. Thomas Cocke has suggested that it may be by James Essex, who appears to have assisted 'Capability' Brown in the construction of the folly. Does it, however, have the spirit and scholarly plausibility that characterize Essex's work? If indeed it does date from the late 1760's or early 1770's, 'Capability' Brown might be considered a more likely author, for the drawing is not unlike his relatively pedestrian designs for garden buildings and lodges. The drawing is, however, more strikingly like those produced by Henry Flitcroft for the rebuilding of the church at Wimpole in 1748 - a matter of months before the Lord Chancellor's sudden enthusiasm for Sanderson Miller's tower at Hagley. The meticulous, hard-lined draughtsmanship, distinctive grey wash and shading, together with the characteristics of the scale bar suggest that Flitcroft, an otherwise dyed-in-the-wool neo-Palladian, might be its author. The wove paper and watermark are identical to those of Flitcroft's survey drawing of the medieval church. Is it possible that this scheme for a Gothic stage flat is a precursor to Miller's scheme for a castellated folly, and that the idea of an ornamental ruin suggested itself when the greater part of the parish church was demolished, and quantities of time-worn clunch and dressed and carved stone became available? Certainly we know that Miller was to have had the use of the stone from the 'Old Church in the Parish'. By the mid-eighteenth centrury, ecclesiastical fragments mined from ruined abbeys and abandoned churches were often incorporated in garden and park buildings and valued for their romantic effect. The building of mock-ruinous churches was somewhat rarer, but precedents and parallels can be found in the gothic facades and screens built at Shotover, Oxfordshire, for James Tyrrel; at Fawley Court Buckinghamshire, for John Freeman before 1732 and at Shobdon, Hereford, where major elements from the demolished Norman church were recycled to create the hill-top arches. Having seem Miller's powerful, castellated folly at Hagley, Hardwicke may have decided that he could do better than erect this Carpenters Gothic proposal. Catalogue entry adapted from David Adshead, Wimpole Architectural drawings and topographical views, The National Trust, 2007.

Provenance

Sir Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor, PC, FRS, (1690-1764); bequeathed by Elsie Kipling, Mrs George Bambridge (1896 – 1976), daughter of Rudyard Kipling, to the National Trust together with Wimpole Hall, all its contents and an estate of 3000 acres.

Marks and inscriptions

fleur-de-lis in crowned cartouche above IVG

Makers and roles

attributed to Henry Flitcroft (Twiss Green, Cheshire 1697 – Hampstead 1769) , architect previously catalogued as attributed to James Essex (Cambridge 1722 - Cambridge 1784, architect

References

Adshead 2007: David Adshead, Wimpole Architectural drawings and topographical views, The National Trust, 2007, p. 48 no. 67 fig. 67 Adshead 1998 David Adshead, 'The design and building of The Gothic Folly at Wimpole, Cambridgeshire', The Burlington Magazine, vol. CXL, no. 1139, February 1998, pp. 76-84, fig. 8 Thomas Cocke 1984 Thomas Cocke, The ingenious Mr Essex, architect, 1722-1784: an exhibition to mark the bicentenary of his death, exh.cat., Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1984, p.36 cat. no. 70

View more details