Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,452 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 11,353 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,497 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 10,622 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,639 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,084 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,754 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 19,203 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,029 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 2,392 items Explore
  • 449 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 19,787 items Explore
  • 800 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 146 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 119 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 803 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 29,233 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,848 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,973 items Explore
  • 9,670 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,749 items Explore
  • 7,449 items Explore
  • 4,439 items Explore
  • 1,613 items Explore
  • 930 items Explore
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,428 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,095 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 1,047 items Explore
  • 1,123 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,952 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,922 items Explore
  • 1,575 items Explore
  • 203 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,429 items Explore
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 843 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 743 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 349 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,425 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 37,806 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,285 items Explore
  • 275 items Explore
  • 8,067 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 749 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,735 items Explore
  • 917 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,345 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,332 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,030 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 734 items
  • 868 items
  • 1 items
  • 895 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 11,300 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,050 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 7,589 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,358 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,727 items Explore
  • 9,199 items Explore
  • 7,748 items Explore
  • 200 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 867 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,132 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 223 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,545 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,729 items Explore
  • 15,768 items Explore
  • 3,130 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,317 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,319 items Explore
  • 129 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,167 items Explore
  • 3,393 items Explore
  • 2,136 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 42,166 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 24,434 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 27 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 13,212 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,535 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,284 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,928 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 773 items Explore
  • 3,132 items Explore
  • 43 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,682 items Explore
  • 23,090 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,324 items Explore
  • 3,574 items Explore
  • 2,663 items Explore
  • 4,776 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,899 items Explore
  • 4,769 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,978 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,863 items Explore
  • 291 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 470 items Explore
  • 6,120 items Explore
  • 8,810 items Explore
  • 1,859 items Explore
  • 5,793 items Explore
  • 3,339 items Explore
  • 11,064 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,675 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,968 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 2 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,609 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,406 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,713 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,169 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,565 items Explore
  • 1,005 items Explore
  • 1,920 items
  • 7,549 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,945 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,575 items Explore
  • 16,395 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,669 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 9,282 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,394 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 297 items Explore
  • 8,369 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,520 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,832 items Explore
  • 464 items
  • 339 items Explore
  • 12,692 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,688 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,493 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,135 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 74,347 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,846 items Explore
  • 249 items
  • 3,618 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,341 items Explore
  • 5,508 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 179 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 11,173 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,546 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 17,014 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,587 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Oxburgh Retable

Pieter Coecke van Aelst the elder (Aalst 1502 - Brussels 1550)

Category

Furniture

Date

1500 - 1530

Materials

Oak and deal, painted panels

Measurements

350 x 427.5 x 106.2 cm

Place of origin

Antwerp

Order this image

Collection

Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk

NT 1209874.1

Caption

The Oxburgh retable or altarpiece was acquired to adorn the 19th century Chapel, celebrating the Bedingfelds’ Catholic faith. It was only after the relaxation of laws against Catholicism that such an imposing object could be displayed.

Summary

The Oxburgh Retable, a composite altartable, Flemish, second quarter of the 16th century with painted panels, almost certainly by Pieter Coecke van Aelst (1502-1550) who entered the Antwerp Guild of Painters in 1527, inscribed on the hems of two of the garments of the figures: MOREA, and YOLRWORPIN.

Full description

The ‘hand’ mark of Antwerp is stamped into several of the carved sections of the retable, and its ‘burcht’, or castle (guaranteeing the quality of the polychromy), appears twice below the hinges of the painted wings. Made up of a carved triptych showing scenes of the Passion and from the life of St James of Compostella. Enclosed by painted wings which act as doors, resting on a carved and gilded altar-table and tabernacle. Of three elements - at the bottom, the altar table carved on the front with The Mocking of Christ, The Deposition and The Flagellation. In the middle, a semi-octagonal sacrament tabernacle, flanked by panels painted with scenes from the life of St Catherine. At the top, a retable or triptych, probably made in Antwerp in 1520-1530. The carved scenes depict, in the centre, The Crucifixion, flanked by The Road to Calvary and The Deposition. In the lower register are Pilate, and possibly Caiaphas. The painted wings show more scenes from the Passion story and from the life of St James of Compostela on the inside and on the outside the four Fathers of the Church. A wooden and metal armature has been installed by NT to ensure structural stability with the wings open. The tabernacle was originally topped by a tall pinnacled 'exposition throne' or aedicule set against red curtains, this was replaced in the 1860s by the retable. (James Weedon 2017)

Provenance

Made for an unknown location; reputedly acquired by Sir Henry Bedingfeld, 6th Bt (1800-62) in Bruges, where his sister was a nun for nearly fifty years but possibly really obtained (like some of his furniture) by him from the Belgian woodcarver (responsible for the added figures?) and dealer, Malfait, to replace the upper part of the neo-Gothic tabernacle originally installed in the Chapel when it was built (1835-37); or even by Sir Henry Bedingfeld, 7th Bt (1830-1902), since the widow of the 8th Bt - yet another Sir Henry (1860-1941) - claimed that her husband remembered its arrival at King’s Lynn [which has caused Christa Grössinger to say that it was bought in King’s Lynn in the 1860s - this seems the most probable, since it seems unlikely that the 6th Bt, who had only had the tabernacle made less than thirty years before his death, should have swept it away so soon; it is still visible in Matilda Bedingfeld’s watercolour of the interior of the Chapel, done shortly before her marriage to Captain Neville in 1855]; thence, by descent, in situ, until bought by the National Trust in 1982, with the aid of grants from the National Art Collections Fund, The National Heritage Memorial Fund, and the Victoria & Albert Museum-administered purchase support fund

Makers and roles

Pieter Coecke van Aelst the elder (Aalst 1502 - Brussels 1550), furniture designer and maker

References

Grössinger 1992 Christa Grössinger, North European Panel Paintings: A Catalogue of Netherlandish and German Paintings before 1600 in English Churches and Colleges, London 1992, pp.171-77 Woods 1988 Kim Woods, Netherlandish carved wooden altarpieces of the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries in Britain, unpublished PhD thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, 1988, pp.227-236 Maddison 1984 John Maddison, “The Oxburgh altarpiece,” National Art Collections Fund Review (1984), pp.145-6 Wainwright 1993 Clive Wainwright, “Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk. I,” Country Life 09 December 1993, pp.40-3. Wainwright 1993 Clive Wainwright, “Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk. II.” Country Life 16 December 1993, pp.48-51 McClure and Woudhuysen 1994 Ian McClure and Renate Woudhuysen, “The Oxburgh Chapel altarpiece: examination and conservation,” Apollo 139.387 (1994), pp.20-23. Jacobs 1998 Lynn F. Jacobs, Early Netherlandish Carved Altarpieces, 1380-1550: Medieval Tastes and Mass Marketing, Cambridge, 1998, p.196 Woods 1999 Kim Woods, “Some sixteenth-century Antwerp carved wooden altar-pieces in England,” Burlington Magazine 141.1152 1999, pp.144-55 Woods 2007 Kim Woods, Imported Images: Netherlandish Late Gothic Sculpture in England c.1400-c.1550, Donington, 2007, pp.164 & 455-65, illus. Antwerpse retabels, 15de-16de eeuw, vol.I: Catalogus, (ed. Hans Nieuwdorp), (exh. cat.), Antwerp Cathedral, 1993, pp.117 & 194

View more details