Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,452 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 11,390 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,498 items Explore
  • 5,042 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 11,070 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,639 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,085 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,754 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 19,208 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,026 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,391 items Explore
  • 449 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 19,892 items Explore
  • 800 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 119 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 803 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 29,601 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,853 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,981 items Explore
  • 9,672 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 7,000 items Explore
  • 7,462 items Explore
  • 4,491 items Explore
  • 1,615 items Explore
  • 923 items Explore
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,427 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,092 items Explore
  • 503 items Explore
  • 1,055 items Explore
  • 1,123 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,952 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,920 items Explore
  • 1,575 items Explore
  • 203 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,435 items Explore
  • 1,245 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 843 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 707 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 349 items Explore
  • 2,425 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 38,114 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 275 items Explore
  • 8,069 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 770 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,802 items Explore
  • 917 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,509 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,028 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 294 items
  • 734 items
  • 868 items
  • 1 items
  • 895 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 11,300 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,046 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 7,802 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,358 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,731 items Explore
  • 9,199 items Explore
  • 7,752 items Explore
  • 200 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 869 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,152 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 223 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,534 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,730 items Explore
  • 15,845 items Explore
  • 3,147 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 9,323 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,319 items Explore
  • 129 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,167 items Explore
  • 3,398 items Explore
  • 2,149 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 42,432 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,003 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 27 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 13,211 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,528 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 614 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,928 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 10 items Explore
  • 3,124 items Explore
  • 43 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,679 items Explore
  • 23,113 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,332 items Explore
  • 3,574 items Explore
  • 2,669 items Explore
  • 4,776 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,899 items Explore
  • 4,775 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,977 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,865 items Explore
  • 290 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 470 items Explore
  • 6,118 items Explore
  • 8,809 items Explore
  • 1,858 items Explore
  • 5,793 items Explore
  • 3,339 items Explore
  • 11,064 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,660 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,969 items Explore
  • 617 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 2 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,612 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,382 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,714 items Explore
  • 1,168 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,562 items Explore
  • 1,002 items Explore
  • 1,920 items
  • 7,568 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,944 items Explore
  • 1,418 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,570 items Explore
  • 16,405 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,669 items Explore
  • 180 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 9,396 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,393 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 297 items Explore
  • 8,374 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,503 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,832 items Explore
  • 431 items
  • 339 items Explore
  • 12,694 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,689 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,231 items Explore
  • 2,493 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,135 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 74,350 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,847 items Explore
  • 235 items
  • 3,617 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,353 items Explore
  • 5,508 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 20 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 176 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 11,194 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,548 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 17,028 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,587 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

William Pitt the Younger

Joseph Nollekens, RA (London 1737 – London 1823)

Category

Art / Sculpture

Date

1810 (signed and dated)

Materials

Carrara marble on marble socle

Measurements

700 x 420 x 210 mm

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Belton House, Lincolnshire

NT 436765

Summary

Carrara marble on turned marble socle, The Right Hon. William Pitt the Younger MP (1759-1806), Joseph Nollekens, RA (1737–1823), signed and dated ‘Nollekens Ft 1810’. A portrait bust of William Pitt, head turned to proper right, wearing a cloak draped over over proper right shoulder.

Full description

William Pitt the Younger was Tory prime minister of Great Britain during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He is remembered for being Britain’s youngest prime minister, gaining tenure in 1783 at the age of 24. He held the post for a second time from 1804 to his death in 1806. Nollekens’ well-known bust is derived from Pitt’s death mask, cast by the sculptor himself on the prime minister’s deathbed, and also from a portrait by John Hoppner (see copy at National Portrait Gallery, London, NPG 697). Nollekens was obliged to use secondary sources for the bust because Pitt never granted the sculptor a sitting. Allegedly he had been so outraged by Nollekens’ direct petition to the King for an inscription to finish his Three Captains monument at Westminster Abbey (the sculptor had been waiting fourteen years) that Pitt vowed never to sit for him or to recommend him (Smith 1829, I, p.370). Within a year of the prime minister's death, however, Nollekens had taken 52 orders for marble busts of Pitt (Farington, VIII, pp.3059-60), which eventually rose to 74 orders, each priced at 120 guineas (Smith 1829, II, p.43). There are several versions in museums worldwide, including those at the Royal Collection (RCIN 35429), the Victoria and Albert Museum (A.11-1925), and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (1974.209). A letter from Nollekens to John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow (1779-1853) records that the Belton version was sent from London ‘by the Grantham Waggon’ to Belton on 8 August, 1810 (Brownlow Papers, Lincolnshire Archives, BNLW 2/2/3/4). The Annual Account for 1810 shows that it was paid for along with Nollekens’ ‘Bust of the Late Lord Brownlow’ (NT 436762). In the same year Cust also ordered a portrait bust of himself (NT 436768). Nollekens sold 600 casts of the Pitt bust, at 6 guineas each. They were often marketed alongside copies of his 1801 bust of Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Pitt’s Whig rival: the two becoming ‘stock pieces’ in his repertoire (see, for example, the pair at Ickworth: NT 852213.1 and NT 852214.1). The bust's success went on to win Nollekens a high-profile commission for a statue of Pitt erected in 1812 at the Senate House, Cambridge, for which the sculptor was paid 3000 guineas (Williams 1831, I, p 280). In the years to come Nollekens’ bust was often drawn on for likenesses of Pitt, from Sir Thomas Lawrence’s celebrated portrait (Royal Collection Trust, RCIN 400645) to commemorative medals and cameos. Alice Rylance-Watson October 2018

Credit line

Belton House, The Brownlow Collection (acquired with the help of the National Heritage Memorial Fund by the National Trust in 1994)

Marks and inscriptions

Truncation, rear: Nollekens Ft 1810

Makers and roles

Joseph Nollekens, RA (London 1737 – London 1823), sculptor

References

Smith 1829: John Thomas Smith, Nollekens and His Times[...], Second Edition, In Two Volumes, London 1829, vol.I, p.370, vol.II, p.43 Farington 1922-8: James Greig (ed.), Joseph Farington, The Farington Diary by Joseph Farington, R.A., London [1922-28], vol.VIII, pp.3059-60 Williams 1831, D.E. Williams, The Life and Correspondence of Sir Thomas Lawrence Kt [...], In Two Volumes, London 1831, vol.I, p.280

View more details