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Clumber Park

Clumber was once the country estate of the Dukes of Newcastle. The first house burned down in 1879 and its replacement, by Sir Charles Barry, was demolished in 1938 as a drastic tax-saving measure. Despite the absence of a grand mansion, 3,800 acres of parkland, heath and woods remain. The transformation of the site was effected from about 1760 by successive Dukes of Newcastle. Although ‘Capability’ Brown was working nearby and may have contributed, it seems most likely that the principal influence on the landscape was Joseph Spence. In the late 1880s, an ornate Gothic chapel by G.F. Bodley was added to the Grounds, and in the absence of the house, now serves as the core of the garden. In 1929, Clumber was requisitioned by the War Department and Churchill visited to watch trials of a new trench digging machine, the scars of which can still be seen.

Visitor Information

Address:
Worksop,
Nottinghamshire,
England,
S80 3AZ

Telephone: 01909 544917

www.nationaltrust.org.uk/clumber-park

Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire

This collection has 1,017 items online

Clumber Park was once part of Sherwood Forest until John Holles, Earl of Clare was granted by Queen Anne in 1707 to enclose it to create a deer park. The development of Clumber to a sporting estate was begun by the 2nd Duke of Newcastle, commissioning Wright to build a Palladian house, alongside the Lincoln stables and classic bridge which survive today. Simpson, following Wrights death, was brought in to continue the building with the Greek and Roman Temples and some of the entrance lodges which can also still be seen. A fire in 1879 saw the house partially destroyed and rebuilt to the designs of Charles Barry Jr. The gardens were landscaped with stone terraces and fountains of Italian marble. Building began on the Kitchen Garden in 1772 and was renovated and expanded many times, six acres are now still in cultivation. The 7th Duke demolished the old stove houses installing a new long range, a continuous system of 12 glasshouses, completing them in 1908. This range is home to a collection of gardening tools and is the longest in National Trust ownership. The 19th century Dukes were important figures, the 4th an opponent of parliamentary reform and his empty mansion, Nottingham Castle, was burnt down by protesters. The 5th Duke held important political posts and the future Prime Minister, Gladstone was a frequent visitor to Clumber. The 6th Duke bankrupted the estate through gambling and left a teenage heir. The 7th Duke a highly religious man built the current Chapel provided a house and school for the choir boys in the park. The Chapel is a magnificent example of gothic revival architecture with lavish furnishings reflecting the Anglo-Catholic movement, designed by Bodley with works by Geldart, Kempe and Comper many of these items remain at Clumber now. Following the death of the 7th Duke in 1928 the Park fell into decline with the contents of the mansion sold in 1937 and the mansion taken down the following year. A new house was never built and the park was requisitioned by the War Department in 1929, Churchill visited the site at this time to watch trials of a new trench digging machine the scars of which can still be seen on the park.

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