Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,457 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,029 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,509 items Explore
  • 5,048 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,644 items Explore
  • 13,624 items Explore
  • 4,620 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,020 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,714 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 19,173 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,726 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,084 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,826 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,673 items Explore
  • 9,685 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,224 items Explore
  • 6,046 items Explore
  • 4,055 items Explore
  • 1,513 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,495 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,354 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 793 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,920 items Explore
  • 1,514 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,434 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,433 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,424 items
  • 2,524 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,999 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,066 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 723 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 160 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,464 items Explore
  • 915 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,047 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,331 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 752 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,307 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,022 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,963 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,318 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,729 items Explore
  • 9,177 items Explore
  • 7,704 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 991 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,491 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 13,447 items Explore
  • 2,715 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,287 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,323 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,071 items Explore
  • 3,316 items Explore
  • 2,132 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 41,194 items Explore
  • 639 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,285 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,109 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,548 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,910 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,298 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,637 items Explore
  • 22,686 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,045 items Explore
  • 3,566 items Explore
  • 2,642 items Explore
  • 4,766 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,896 items Explore
  • 4,791 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,602 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 443 items Explore
  • 5,883 items Explore
  • 8,807 items Explore
  • 1,846 items Explore
  • 5,765 items Explore
  • 3,338 items Explore
  • 11,063 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,639 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,303 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 996 items
  • 3,600 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,397 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,693 items Explore
  • 1,188 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,559 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,925 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,937 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,560 items Explore
  • 16,299 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,383 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 399 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 3 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,394 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,515 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,626 items Explore
  • 454 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,682 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,620 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,227 items Explore
  • 2,370 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,147 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 225 items Explore
  • 71,415 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,843 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,617 items Explore
  • 1,833 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,100 items Explore
  • 5,504 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 464 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,175 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 30 items
  • 10,718 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 16,827 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,033 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Cassone

Italian (Florentine) School

Category

Furniture

Date

1430 - 1470

Materials

Giltwood, deal, painted deal

Measurements

100 x 213 x 78 cm

Place of origin

Florence

Order this image

Collection

Blickling Hall, Norfolk (Accredited Museum)

NT 354249.1

Summary

A gilt wood and painted Cassone or marriage chest. Italian, Florence, mid 15th century. The imbricated hinged lid with a raised central panel decorated to the top with a polychrome geometric design and with tapering body carved with repeating quatreform floral motifs The outside of the lid with further polychrome design and with a gadrooned carved edge. The body of the cassone having a central tempera painted panel depicting three Kings drawn in chariots in a triumphal procession. Flanked by twin reeded Corinthian carved pilasters. The right side painted panel depicting Hercules slaying the Nemean Lion and the left side panel depicting The rape of Deianeira with Hercules drawing his bow at Nessus. Each flanked with conforming Corinthian pilasters. Below the panels a further band of geometric polychrome decoration and a leaf carved moulded edge. The whole raised on four lions paw feet. Some embellishment additions in the 19th century.

Full description

Cassoni ranged in form from the standard trunk or coffer, with rounded lid, to more elaborate creations and were part of the paraphernalia of marriage. Inventories reveal that cassoni were usually, though not exclusively, listed in pairs and mainly kept in bedrooms, as recorded in the inventories (1498–1516) of the Medici palaces in and around Florence. They were passed through the generations as both functional and decorative pieces of furniture and would have been used for storing both household and precious items, including linens and fine textiles. By the mid-fifteenth century, the classic Florentine Quattrocento type was of carved and gilded wood, with an imbricated lid and incorporating three panel paintings: a single oblong panel on the front, with two smaller panel paintings on the sides. Just as the subjects of cassone paintings were often inspired by Greek and Roman Antiquity, so the carved and gilded woodwork was all’antica, reflecting the Renaissance revival of classical architecture and interior decoration. It is thought that this cassone was brought back from Italy in 1861 by William Kerr, 8th Marquess of Lothian (1832-1870) to his family seat, Newbattle Abbey, Midlothian. William Blundell Spence (1814-1900) was a painter, collector and dealer who was living and working in Florence from the 1840s. He is known to have encouraged, and may well have been the driving force behind the taste for cassone in the 19th century selling several examples to eminent British collectors. Lord Lothian was both a friend and client of Blundell Spence and is known to have bought several paintings from him, it is quite likely that the cassone also came through his hands. It was always believed that the body of cassone was a 19th century copy which had been constructed to incorporate the 15th century Florentne painted panels, this was the fashion at the time and fairly common practice in 19th century Italy. Examination of the cassone during its conservation revealed that the carcass and the lid are essentially original, together with the horizontal plank at the back which was intended to support the weight of the lid and that the paw feet may also have belonged. However, all the decorative carving was added in the nineteenth century when many cassoni were broken up to create grander versions of the same thing or simply to detach the painted panels The three painted panels of the Blickling cassone belong to the same chest from which its early woodwork derives. The front panel painting is directly painted on to the two boards making up the underlying structure of the front and the butt-joined and nailed joints with the end panels appear to be original and undisturbed. The side panels also rest directly on the structural timbers, so the paintings are not on a separate support and have not been attached at a later date. It was also noted during the conservation process that x-rays showed the chest had once been fitted with a lock, since covered up. (James Weedon 2016)

Provenance

Part of the Lothian Collection. The hall and contents were bequeathed to the National Trust in 1940 by Philip, 11th Marquess of Lothian (1882-1940). The cabinet was transferred from the Lothian House at Newbattle Abbey, Midlothian in 1936 after the property was gifted to the nation. It came with twenty other items of furniture and paintings which were Lord Lothian's favorite pieces from Newbattle.

Makers and roles

Italian (Florentine) School, artist

References

Rowell 2015: Christopher Rowell, 'Florentine Cassoni at Blickling, Knole and Cliveden', Furniture History (2015): 21-49 The triumph of marriage : painted cassoni of the Renaissance.

View more details