Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,454 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,087 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,499 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 10,621 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,646 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,038 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,759 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 19,205 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,898 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,623 items Explore
  • 456 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 19,367 items Explore
  • 791 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 9 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 800 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 27,991 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 1,519 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,712 items Explore
  • 9,685 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,138 items Explore
  • 7,439 items Explore
  • 4,411 items Explore
  • 1,512 items Explore
  • 930 items Explore
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,095 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 1,047 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 1,575 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,431 items Explore
  • 1,241 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,491 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 747 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 349 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,362 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,285 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,066 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 731 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,728 items Explore
  • 916 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,121 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,052 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 293 items
  • 736 items
  • 868 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 11,395 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,038 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 7,376 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,360 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,201 items Explore
  • 7,745 items Explore
  • 200 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,095 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 223 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,495 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,528 items Explore
  • 14,230 items Explore
  • 3,127 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,318 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,320 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,166 items Explore
  • 3,418 items Explore
  • 2,292 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 41,372 items Explore
  • 638 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,281 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 27 items
  • 257 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 13,207 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,534 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,284 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,928 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,317 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,647 items Explore
  • 23,088 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,323 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,644 items Explore
  • 4,776 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,901 items Explore
  • 4,796 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,921 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 291 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 6,122 items Explore
  • 8,817 items Explore
  • 1,859 items Explore
  • 5,797 items Explore
  • 3,344 items Explore
  • 11,070 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,644 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,906 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,405 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,714 items Explore
  • 1,169 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,566 items Explore
  • 1,005 items Explore
  • 1,924 items
  • 7,133 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,940 items Explore
  • 1,418 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,584 items Explore
  • 16,318 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,380 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 299 items Explore
  • 8,367 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,928 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,841 items Explore
  • 465 items
  • 5 items
  • 339 items Explore
  • 12,690 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,704 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,227 items Explore
  • 2,494 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,135 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 73,189 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,845 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 3,626 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,322 items Explore
  • 5,508 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 633 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 11,031 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,546 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 16,818 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,587 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Panel-back armchair

Category

Furniture

Date

1570

Materials

Joined, turned and carved oak, inlaid with bog oak, or possibly pitch

Measurements

121 x 59 x 43.5 cm

Place of origin

Westmorland (England)

Order this image

Collection

Sizergh Castle, Cumbria

NT 997986.2

Summary

A panel-back open armchair, one of a rare very near pair of oak and inlaid panel-back open armchairs, English, probably Westmorland, dated 1570. Of joined and pegged construction. With an arched toprail which sits on top of the rear uprights, centred by an oval boss inscribed 'A 1570 S'. The toprail with scrolls at either end. This chair without the scroll to the centre of the toprail, and this cartouche in a border carved with alternating 'I' and 'O' motifs, whilst the other chairs cartouche surround is plain. The oval reserve flanked by sunken triangular spandrel-type reserves. Unusually carved to the rear of the toprail with a fan of six gadroons or petals (the other with five). The top edge also carved with alternating 'I' and 'O' motifs. The framed back inset with a panel - beveled to its rear edges - applied with mouldings forming a central lozenge, within an outer rectangle. The arms flat and outswept, and with flat circular terminals, and unusually joined to rear uprights which are wider at and beneath this joint, but are more slender above. The seat boarded and above a front seat rail with run moulding and with ogee-shaped bottom edge. The arms raised on stepped arm supports descending to simple baluster- and ring-turned front legs with block feet. The rear supports turned in the same way. All united by rectangular-section foot stretchers. --

Full description

Although this pair of chairs differ in certain elements, such as in the height and arc of the cresting, and the carving to the reverse of the toprail, parts of these chairs were clearly made by the same hand. The lettering of the inscription, and the treatment of the oval boss, is very similar to that to the three chests at Sizergh; it is possible that these elements were worked by the same craftsman. Related to NT 997985, a chair which is similarly constructed and decorated, but dated 1571, and with Walter's initials. These chairs are a remarkable survival, commissioned by the Stricklands as part of refurbishment works undertaken in phases at Sizergh in the late 1550s, 1560s and 1570s. Walter, Alice's husband, had died in 1569, and this pair bear only her initials. Exactly why this is the case is unclear: three chests dated a year after these chairs [NT 998159.1 - .3] bear the initials of both Alice and Walter, and so too does chair NT 997985. The lozenge-shaped mouldings to all three of these chairs match the paneling in what is now called the 'Old Dining Room' at Sizergh (probably denoted in the inventory of 1569 'thei chamber next Mr. Tempest chamber where thei dine'), a room which contains an overmantel dated 1563, and the paneling in the Boynton Room, which has an overmantel (the latest in the house) dated 1575. Also related to NT 997990 and NT 997991, two chairs which are undated (the former with later replacements) but which must have been made at the same period. They both have mouldings applied to their back panel to form a rectangle, and may thus have been made for a different room in the house. Stylistically, these chairs, like the Sizergh chests are Renaissance in character, if restrained. The other dated furniture and fixtures are believed to have been made by immigrant, probably Flemish, craftsmen who worked at Sizergh and other houses in the district over several decades. These chairs are unusually constructed in that the rear uprights change profile and are broader beneath the arm joint, and in that they are carved to the rear of the toprail. This latter feature, as well as the fine choice of timber and the complexity of the mouldings, testifies to their sophistication. Despite these features, however, they may well have been made by English craftsmen. The inventory of Sizergh taken on 27th April 1569 associated with Walter's will mentions various chairs; the one in the Lord's Chamber - the most expensive - was 3s 4d. A publication of 1908 by Daniel Scott transcribes another document, taken on 28th June 1569, which lists the contents of some rooms, but groups other pieces by category under titles such as 'Woddewarke'. 8 'newe chayres' were listed, as were one 'ney [new?] lytle chayres for a woman or chyld' and two 'old chayres off lynd' [lime?]. There are no chairs dated 1569 or earlier, and so although dated 1570, it is possible that these chairs were made prior to Walter's death, but carved and inlaid at a later date. (Megan Wheeler, 2016)

Provenance

Probably commissioned by Walter and/or Alice Strickland (c. 1520 - 1588) as part of building and refurbishment works at Sizergh Castle in the late 1550s and 1560s. The pair photographed in the 'Old Dining Room' (or 'Morning Room') in Country Life in 1906. Thence by descent, and given by Henry Hornyold Strickland (1890 – 1975) with Sizergh Castle and its estates in 1950.

Credit line

Megan Wheeler

Marks and inscriptions

To oval boss cartouche to toprail: 'A 1570 S'

References

Pickvance 2015, 'The Slow Arrival of Renaissance Influence on English Furniture: A Study of the 1519 Silkstede, Shanklin and the 1539 Garstang, Cirencester chests', Regional Furniture, XXIX (2015), 102 - 130 Sizergh Castle, Country Life (June, 1906), Vol. XIX, No. 495., p. 945 Scott (1908), Daniel Scott, The Stricklands of Sizergh Castle, p. 109

View more details