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Panel-back armchair

Category

Furniture

Date

1644

Materials

Turned, carved and joined oak, stained timber for inlay, probably sycamore and bog oak

Measurements

114 x 59 cm

Place of origin

South-West Yorkshire

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Collection

Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Not on show

NT 959670

Summary

An oak and inlaid panel-back open armchair, South-West Yorkshire, dated 1644. The scroll-ended cresting centred by a foliate lunette, above a back of two panels. The slender upright panel carved with the initials 'TS' and the date '1644' above a scroll-carved rail. The large back panel centred by a foliate 'flying' lozenge, between lozenge-inlaid uprights and scroll-carved ears. The later paneled seat between downswept arms on baluster-turned arms supports. The seat rails dog-tooth inlaid and on conforming block and baluster-turned front legs, with side stretchers. The seat later; the front legs with later blocks beneath.

Full description

Once thought to have come from the 17th century house at Nostell, surviving bills and receipts suggest that much of the oak furniture at Nostell Priory was in fact purchased by Charles Winn (1795 - 1874), who inherited a house with many rooms unfinished. An interested antiquarian, Winn chose to furnish some of the rooms, such as the Lower Hall, Vestibule and West Passage, with furniture of the 16th and 17th centuries. Payments were made by Winn to E. Terry of Thornes, near Wakefield, for 'sundry pieces of antique oak furniture' in 1834 and to John Swaby, a curiosity dealer of Wardour Street, London, for 'several pieces of old carved wood' in May 1821, some of which were probably used by Winn to reconstruct parts of the interior of Wragby Church. Swaby made frequent buying trips to the Continent, and may well have supplied Winn with pieces like NT 959707, a Continental armoire, and NT 959805, a largely 16th century French cabinet in the manner of du Cerceau. Some pieces, such as NT 959709 (a chair), NT 959708 and NT 959826 (both settles), amongst others, were obviously fabricated in the 19th century, although all such pieces at Nostell do incorporate timber from genuine pieces of early furniture. Much of the oak furniture at Nostell is typically Yorkshire in style.

Provenance

Possibly purchased by Charles Winn (1795 – 1874), thence by descent and transferred from the Treasury in lieu of tax in 2007.

Marks and inscriptions

Upper back panel: 'TS 1644'

References

Westgarth 2009, M. Westgarth, 'A Biographical Register of Nineteenth Century Antique and Curiosity Dealers', Regional Furniture XXIII (2009), 1 - 205, 17, 35 - 41, 109, 131, 169 - 171, 172 & Plates 21 - 27 Raikes, 2003: S.Raikes. ““A cultivated eye for the antique”: Charles Winn and the enrichment of Nostell Priory in the nineteenth century.” Apollo 157.494 (2003): pp.3-8., 5 - 6, Figure 6

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