Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,500 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,889 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,418 items Explore
  • 4,948 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 101 items Explore
  • 9,394 items Explore
  • 13,022 items Explore
  • 4,331 items Explore
  • 52 items
  • 5 items
  • 120 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,116 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,005 items Explore
  • 407 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,084 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,262 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,308 items Explore
  • 1,501 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,656 items Explore
  • 8,912 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,736 items Explore
  • 5,566 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 857 items Explore
  • 849 items Explore
  • 2,492 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,657 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 309 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 827 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,105 items Explore
  • 986 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,179 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 29 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,293 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,913 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 785 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 830 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 276 items Explore
  • 2,079 items
  • 2,101 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,678 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,052 items Explore
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,065 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 25 items
  • 717 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,476 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,205 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,865 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 50 items
  • 420 items
  • 3,261 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 1 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 288 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,351 items Explore
  • 695 items Explore
  • 5,847 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,981 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,265 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,473 items Explore
  • 180 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 997 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,196 items Explore
  • 12,231 items Explore
  • 2,722 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,921 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,329 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,845 items Explore
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 1,935 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 30,415 items Explore
  • 633 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,264 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 17 items
  • 30 items
  • 47 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,789 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,260 items Explore
  • 852 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 620 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,023 items Explore
  • 874 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,781 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 1 items
  • 73 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 2,686 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 8,756 items Explore
  • 19,288 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 333 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,887 items Explore
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 2,617 items Explore
  • 4,676 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 5,967 items Explore
  • 4,023 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,808 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,274 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 378 items Explore
  • 5,068 items Explore
  • 8,911 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 8,684 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,489 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,784 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,306 items Explore
  • 45 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,894 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,208 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,820 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,009 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,325 items Explore
  • 1,340 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,546 items Explore
  • 16,125 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 35 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,681 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 7,331 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 22,175 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 543 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,843 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,106 items Explore
  • 588 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 57,153 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,599 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,135 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 14,509 items Explore
  • 5,115 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 417 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,059 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 715 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,362 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,181 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Procession to Calvary

Pieter Brueghel the younger (Brussels 1564 - Antwerp 1638)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1602 (signed and dated)

Materials

Oil on oak panel

Measurements

1145 x 1655 mm

Place of origin

Belgium

Order this image

Collection

Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire, North, National Trust

NT 959460

Caption

Brueghel the Younger has set the crucifixion of Christ in a world familiar to him. Christ seems almost lost in a swell of townspeople making their way to Calvary. They are situated in a panoramic, local landscape, with a view of a Flemish town on the left and a view of mountains beyond the sea. It is Brueghel’s observation of ordinary life, full of detail and convincing gestures, that gives this painting its richness. This vast picture is the finest of five versions signed and dated by Pieter Brueghel the Younger. Dated 1602, it is loosely based on a composition by Brueghel the Elder.

Summary

Oil painting on oak panel, The Procession to Calvary by Pieter Brueghel the younger (Brussels 1564 - Antwerp 1638), signed and dated, bottom left: P. BRVEGEL / 1602. Christ is shown carrying his cross to Calvary. He is almost lost in the crowd which gathers around him. Simon of Cyrene helps him carry his cross, and Saint Veronica offers her veil (the sudarium) to him so that he can wipe the sweat from his face. The centurion, Longinus, wearing a red coat is mounted on a horse. The Virgin Mary and her companions gather in the foreground to the right, where they kneel and weep as the procession passes them. To their left is Saint John, standing in his yellow robe, his gospel in his right hand and an ink-horn slung from his girdle. Ahead of Christ in the procession are soldiers mounted on horseback. In front of the soldiers is a horse-drawn cart carrying the two thieves who were crucified to either side of Christ, the so-called Good thief in white, clutching a small crucifix, and the Bad thief in black. In the middle ground is a beggar seated by a wayside cross, being offered alms by a nun. Under a dark sky at the top right is Calvary, scattered with the instruments of execution and strewn with skulls and bones. To the left is a Flemish townscape of the period in which Brueghel lived, including a large, round building which represents the Temple of Jerusalem. Beyond the townscape are green fields, an expanse of water (possibly representing the sea of Galilee), and mountains in the distance. Pieter Brueghel the younger was the eldest son of Pieter Breughel the elder (1528-1569), generally considered the greatest Flemish painter of the 16th century. Like most of Pieter Brueghel the younger's work, this painting was inspired by his father's sweeping landscapes and scenes of contemporary peasant life, full of animation and zest. It depicts Christ's last journey, carrying the Cross to the hill of Golgotha where he was crucified. However, the animated figures in contemporary Flemish dress almost swamp the central scene of Christ carrying the Cross. It has been at Nostell since the 18th century and is one of the finest works in the collection.

Provenance

Thought to have been acquired by Sir Rowland Winn, 5th Bt (1739-1785) and thence by descent; first documented in the 1806 inventory; bought by the National Trust in 2011 for the special net price of £2,703,400 with a grant of £1,033,713 from the National Heritage Memorial Fund, a grant of £500,000 from the Art Fund, grants from other trusts and foundations as well as a large contribution from the public.

Credit line

Nostell Priory, The St Oswald Collection (purchased by the National Trust in 2011 with grants from the Art Fund, the National Heritage Memorial Fund, other trusts and foundations, and donations from members of the public)

Marks and inscriptions

Bottom left: P. BRVEGEL / 1602

Makers and roles

Pieter Brueghel the younger (Brussels 1564 - Antwerp 1638), artist

References

Brockwell 1915 Maurice Walter Brockwell, Catalogue of the Pictures and Other Works of Art in the Collection of Lord St Oswald at Nostell Priory, London 1915, cat. 137, plate XXVI Marlier 1969 Georges Marlier, Pierre Bruegel le Jeune, Brussels, 1969, cat. no. 2, pp.280-5 Ertz 2000 Klaus Ertz, Pieter Brueghel der Jüngere (1564-1637/38), Die Gemälde mit kritschem Oeuvrekatalog, 2 vols., Lingen 2000, cat no. E393, pp.396, 400 & 404; ill.no.283, p.398 Laing 2010 Alastair Laing, 'Carrying the Cross' Procession to Calvary by Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Art Quarterly, Winter 2010, pp.28-33. Dennis and Laing, 2011: David Dennis and Alastair Laing. 'Who is the Man in Red' Pieter Brueghel the Younger's Procession to Calvary, Nostell. Art Quarterly, Spring 2011, p.20, p.20. Your Letters. Bruegel: Defining a Dynasty (Ed. Amy Orrock), for the exhibition at the Holburne Museum, Bath, from 11th February to 4th June 2017., cat.21

View more details