Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,457 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,030 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,509 items Explore
  • 5,049 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 10,647 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,621 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,727 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,179 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,083 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 820 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,826 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,691 items Explore
  • 9,686 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,149 items Explore
  • 6,100 items Explore
  • 4,065 items Explore
  • 1,513 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,495 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,136 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,922 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,437 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,459 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 843 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,030 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,066 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,489 items Explore
  • 915 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,046 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,331 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 752 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,406 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,028 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,970 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,324 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,177 items Explore
  • 7,705 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 988 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,819 items Explore
  • 13,472 items Explore
  • 2,715 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,287 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,325 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,159 items Explore
  • 3,316 items Explore
  • 2,126 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 163 items
  • 41,190 items Explore
  • 639 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,286 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 254 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,114 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,548 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 12 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,916 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,217 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 20 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,641 items Explore
  • 22,693 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,053 items Explore
  • 3,569 items Explore
  • 2,645 items Explore
  • 4,766 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,898 items Explore
  • 4,791 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,678 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,885 items Explore
  • 8,823 items Explore
  • 1,856 items Explore
  • 5,766 items Explore
  • 3,338 items Explore
  • 11,068 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,639 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,582 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 996 items
  • 3,603 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,404 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,683 items Explore
  • 1,165 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,562 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,926 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,941 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,576 items Explore
  • 16,305 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,378 items Explore
  • 399 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,398 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,700 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 4,220 items Explore
  • 465 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,686 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,697 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,375 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,147 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 71,490 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,846 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,619 items Explore
  • 1,834 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,124 items Explore
  • 5,504 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 465 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,175 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 23 items
  • 10,803 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 217 items
  • 16,813 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,592 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Vortigern, King of Britain, enamoured with Rowena at the Banquet of Hengist, the Saxon General

Angelica Kauffman RA (Chur 1741 – Rome 1807)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1769 - 1770 (exh at RA)

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

1537 x 2146 mm (60 1/2 x 84 1/2 in)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Saltram, Devon (Accredited Museum)

NT 872183

Caption

The ancient legend tells how the Britons were betrayed to the Saxons. Rowena is kneeling and accepting a cup from Vortigern, Prince of South East Britain, who has fallen in love with her. Her father, the Saxon, Hengist is present, standing behind whilst soldiers sit a round a table. The story was recounted with some romantic license by Geoffrey of Monmouth (d.1155) and given extra authenticity by being included in John Speed’s History of Great Britain (1611). When it exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1770, it was said to be the first public exhibition of a mediaeval piece in London. Angelica may have seen Henry Fuseli’s drawing of the same subject from the year before, now in the Kunsthaus, Zürich. but she may also have had access to Paul Rapin de Thoyras’s History of England whose folio edition, published between 1742-47 had Rowena and Vortigern depicted on its headpiece.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Vortigern, King of Britain enamoured of Rowena, at the banquet of Hengist, the Saxon General by Angelica Kauffman RA (Chur 1741 – Rome 1807), 1770. Rowena is kneeling in front, in the centre accepting the cup from Vortigern. Her father Hengist stands behind on the left. Soldiers sit a round a table on the right. The story of Rowena and Vortigern, taken from ancient legends, was recounted with some romantic license by Geoffrey of Monmouth (d.1155), acquiring added ‘authenticity’ by being included first in John Speed’s History of Great Britain…(1611), then in Paul Rapin de Thoyras’s History of England…, an elaborate illustrated folio edition published in 1742-47, which included a small engraved head piece illustrating the story of Rowena and Vortigern. It tells of how Vortigern, Prince of South East Britain, fell in love with Rowena, the Saxon Hengist's daughter, and hence betrayed the Britons to the Saxons.

Provenance

Commissioned by an unknown client, but left on the artist's hands and bought by John Parker, later Lord Boringdon (1734/5-1788) before 24 August 1775; thereafter by descent; accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death-duties from the executors of Edmund Robert Parker, 4th Earl of Morley (1877-1951) and transferred to the National Trust in 1957

Credit line

Saltram, The Morley Collection (accepted in lieu of tax by HM Government and transferred to the National Trust in 1957)

Makers and roles

Angelica Kauffman RA (Chur 1741 – Rome 1807), artist

References

Boerner 1979 C.G. Boerner, Angelika Kauffmann (1741-1810) und ihre Zeit: Graphik un Zeichungen von 1760- 1810, Neue Lagerliste 70, Dusseldorf 1979, no. 76 Irwin 1966 David G. Irwin, English Neo-Classical Art;studies in inspiration and taste, London 1966 , p.88

View more details