Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,514 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 38 items
  • 9,883 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,417 items Explore
  • 4,946 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 104 items Explore
  • 9,264 items Explore
  • 155 items Explore
  • 4,283 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,690 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,050 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,904 items Explore
  • 961 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,921 items Explore
  • 399 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 15,050 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 133 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 899 items Explore
  • 833 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 22,284 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,311 items Explore
  • 1,466 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,647 items Explore
  • 8,888 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,744 items Explore
  • 5,358 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 857 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,474 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 313 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,466 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 308 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 782 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 899 items Explore
  • 986 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,171 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 22 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,852 items Explore
  • 1,289 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,514 items Explore
  • 1,092 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 43 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 963 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 526 items Explore
  • 1,665 items
  • 952 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,727 items Explore
  • 29,384 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,055 items Explore
  • 189 items Explore
  • 6,773 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 715 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 18,627 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 16,372 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,263 items Explore
  • 79 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 19 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 112 items
  • 272 items
  • 760 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,410 items Explore
  • 689 items Explore
  • 5,846 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,789 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,125 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,145 items Explore
  • 6,303 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 850 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 194 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 1 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,188 items Explore
  • 12,125 items Explore
  • 2,698 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 7,389 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,525 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,862 items Explore
  • 3,286 items Explore
  • 1,642 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 27,508 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 20,948 items Explore
  • 233 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 30 items
  • 816 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,769 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,343 items Explore
  • 854 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 1 items
  • 186 items
  • 587 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,080 items Explore
  • 780 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 30 items
  • 633 items Explore
  • 2,964 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 5,721 items Explore
  • 16,227 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 169 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,781 items Explore
  • 3,484 items Explore
  • 2,618 items Explore
  • 4,670 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,833 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 461 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,751 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,273 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 365 items Explore
  • 5,696 items Explore
  • 8,654 items Explore
  • 1,826 items Explore
  • 2,150 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 7,281 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,489 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 598 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 466 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,570 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,192 items Explore
  • 45 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,952 items Explore
  • 1,272 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,812 items Explore
  • 768 items Explore
  • 1,977 items
  • 4,341 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,335 items Explore
  • 1,335 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,553 items Explore
  • 15,785 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,407 items Explore
  • 7,525 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,517 items Explore
  • 251 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 117 items Explore
  • 7,267 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,201 items Explore
  • 6,606 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 18 items
  • 193 items Explore
  • 279 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 10,843 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 316 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,251 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,213 items Explore
  • 1,603 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,079 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 55,659 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,627 items Explore
  • 2,639 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 3,230 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 10,507 items Explore
  • 5,341 items
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 412 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 463 items
  • 46 items
  • 7,653 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,173 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 544 items Explore
  • 1,693 items Explore
  • 783 items Explore
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Self-portrait, wearing a Feathered Bonnet

Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1635 (signed and date)

Materials

Oil on poplar panel

Measurements

912 x 719 mm

Place of origin

Amsterdam

Order this image

Collection

Buckland Abbey, Devon (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Buckland Abbey, Devon, South West, National Trust

NT 810136

Caption

This flamboyant portrait shows the great Dutch artist, aged 29, in fanciful attire favoured by him in his early self-portraits from the mid-1630s. The identity of the painter has sometimes been doubted but it was again re-attributed by Ernst van de Wetering, Chair of the Rembrandt Research Project (RRP) and after recent technical examination and cleaning during 2013/14, experts now agree it is by the master himself. A special exhibition at Buckland Abbey explores its fascinating history, including its different attributions and the various technical analyses that have helped reveal it as a Rembrandt self-portrait.

Summary

Oil painting on poplar panel, Self-portrait, wearing a Feathered Bonnet by Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669) (and studio?), signed and dated, at the lower right background: Rembrant / f (followed by three dots in a triangular pattern) 1635. A half-length portrait of the artist with a white and golden feathered bonnet. He is also wearing a sumptuously embroidered velvet cloak, a gorget (metal neckband) and gold chains. His jewelled beret has elegant golden and white plumes, attached theatrically in the centre with a large gem. He is standing in a starkly-lit studio and his shadow with the feathers is playfully depicted on the wall behind. The portrait was painted in 1635, after the artist had settled in Amsterdam from his native Leiden and had married Saskia van Uylenburgh, cousin of his art-dealer friend.

Full description

Acquired as a genuine Rembrandt by Prince Joseph-Wenzel von Liechtenstein (1696-1772) and considered as such by Rembrandt scholars, until Horst Gerson suggested it was possibly by Govaert Flinck in 1968. Since then its authenticity has been in doubt. However, its high quality and the fact that it does not reproduce any other known self-portrait by Rembrandt suggest that it is a prototype. Furthermore, recent X-rays and infra-red refectology show that the artist has changed the position of his left arm, which would not be consistent with it being a copy. At least three copies of it are known: in Wiesbaden, in the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica (Palazzo Baberini), Rome, and formerly in the Cook collection, Doughty House, Richmond. The unusually mechanical execution of the feathers on the bonnet suggests that they may have been painted by an assistant. The technical examination at the Hamilton Kerr Institute, Cambridge during 2013 and 2014 included visual inspection under magnification, infra-red reflectography, x-radiography, raking light photography and pigment and medium analysis. Cleaning and removal of yellowed varnish revealed more of the original colours and painting style. It was found that the signature was contemporary with the creation of the portrait. The infra-red and x-ray images showed how the composition was changed during the execution of the work. The wood of the panel was identified as being from the poplar/willow family, and the pigments were found to include azurite, smalt and bone black. These findings are consistent with the practice of Rembrandt and his assistants. The changing of the composition and the quality of the brushwork revealed by the cleaning, in particular, are compelling evidence to suggest that the portrait is by Rembrandt himself. (Tania Adams & Emile de Bruijn)

Provenance

Acquired by Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein (1696-1772), Vienna; collection of the Princes of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, until at least 1948 (when exhibited at Lucerne); with Edward Speelman, London, 1960s; Harold Samuel, Baron Samuel of Wych Cross (1912 - 1987); acquired by the National Trust as a gift from the estate of the late Edna, Lady Samuel of Wych Cross (1918-2008), 2010.

Credit line

Buckland Abbey (given from the estate of Edna, Lady Samuel of Wych Cross (1918-2008) to the National Trust in 2010)

Marks and inscriptions

Verso: White exhibition label: Kunstmuseum Luzern 1948 Meisterwerke aus den Sammlungen des Fursten von Liechtenstein Katalog Nr. 104 Verso: In black ink: 1635 and more crossed out with blue chalk across Verso: White label, maekedin blue in: 84 corresponds to its inventory number when it was in the Galerie Liechtenstein in Vienna and stamp

Makers and roles

Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669) (and studio?), artist previously catalogued as studio of Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist previously catalogued as possibly Govaert Teunisz. Flinck (Cleves 1615 – Amsterdam 1660), artist previously catalogued as attributed to Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist previously catalogued as by Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist

Exhibition history

Dutch and Flemish masterpieces, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London, 2016 - 2017

References

Vosmaer 1868 C. Vosmaer, Rembrandt Harmensz. Van Rijn, sa vie at ses oeuvres, Le Haye, 1868, p. 508 Bode 1883 W. Bode, Studien zur Geschichte der holländischen Malerei, Braunschweig, 1883 , pp. 411, 576, no. 131 Dutuit, 1881-85 E. Dutuit, L'Oeuvre Complet de Rembrandt, Paris 1881 - 85, vol. III, p. 50, no. 141 Wurzbach 1886 A. von Wurzbach, Rembrandt Galerie, Stuttgart, 1886, no. 26 Michel 1893 E. Michel, Rembrandt. Sa vie, son oeuvre et son temps, Paris 1893, pp. 215, 560 Bode & Hofstede de Groot 1898 W. Bode and C. Hofstede de Groot, Rembrandt, Paris 1898 - 1900, vol. III, 1899, no.168 Moes 1897-1905 E. W. Moes, Iconographia Batava, Amsterdam, 1897-1905, no. 6693, p. 33 Hofstede de Groot 1908-27 C. Hofstede de Groot, A Catalogue Raisonné of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century..., 1908-27, 8 vols., vol VI, 1916, no. 584, pp. 285-6 Valentier 1908 W. R. Valentier, Rembrandt des Meisters Gemälde, Berlin 1908 , p. 150, no. 174 Bredius 1935: A. Bredius, Rembrandt Gemälde, Vienna 1935 , no. 25 Gerson 1968 H. Gerson, Rembrandt Paintings, London 1968, no. 171 Lecaldano 1969 P. Lecaldano, The Complete Paintings of Rembrandt, London 1969, p. 103, no. 164 Tümpel 1986 Christian Tümpel, Rembrandt in Selstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten, Amsterdam 1986, no. A 64 Bruyn 1989 J. Bruyn et al. A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings, 1635 - 1642 (RRP), Volume 3, 1989, Volume 3, no. C 92 Slatkes 1992 L. J. Slatkes, Rembrandt. Catalogo Completo dei Dipinti, Florence 1992, p. 378, no. 251 Wright 1982 Christopher Wright, Rembrandt Self-Portraits, 1982, no. 24, p. 41 & pl. 51 Wetering 2005 Ernst van de Wetering, A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings, Self-portraits (RRP), Volume 4, 2005, p. 234 Duffy-Zebellos & Fletcher 2005 Lisa Duffy-Zebellos and Sharon Fletcher, "Three Questioned Rembrandts re-enter the Canon: More to Come" in International Foundation for Art Research (IFAR) Journal, Volume 15, No. 2, 2014, p. 32-39

View more details