Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,767 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 5,004 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,629 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,583 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,066 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,703 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,050 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 1,108 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,608 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 18,940 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 148 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,442 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,585 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 9,199 items Explore
  • 9,676 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,056 items Explore
  • 5,638 items Explore
  • 4,053 items Explore
  • 1,218 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,478 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,330 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,050 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 1,101 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,040 items Explore
  • 1,489 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,111 items Explore
  • 1,186 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 844 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2,396 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,381 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 31,947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 260 items Explore
  • 7,943 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 713 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 158 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,552 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,560 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 107 items
  • 2 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 131 items
  • 292 items
  • 852 items
  • 726 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 10,841 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,266 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 6,038 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,317 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,725 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,190 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,482 items Explore
  • 13,461 items Explore
  • 2,741 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,299 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 3,309 items Explore
  • 2,128 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 37,989 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,267 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 122 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,614 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,531 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 687 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,651 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,034 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,325 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,286 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,633 items Explore
  • 4,753 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,025 items Explore
  • 438 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,448 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,649 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 42 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,880 items Explore
  • 8,881 items Explore
  • 1,855 items Explore
  • 4,845 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,022 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,584 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 88 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 1 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,607 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,400 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,200 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,546 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,979 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,744 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,569 items Explore
  • 16,057 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 57 items
  • 5,740 items Explore
  • 8,022 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,319 items Explore
  • 283 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,320 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,452 items Explore
  • 7,003 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,465 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,228 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,615 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,195 items Explore
  • 2,217 items Explore
  • 731 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 70,188 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,640 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 30 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,510 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 84 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 815 items
  • 45 items
  • 9,661 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,167 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,499 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 380 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 157 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Self-portrait, wearing a Feathered Bonnet

Rembrandt van Rijn (Leiden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1635 (signed and date)

Materials

Oil on poplar panel

Measurements

912 x 719 mm

Place of origin

Amsterdam

Order this image

Collection

Buckland Abbey, Devon (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Georgian Dining Room, Buckland Abbey, Devon, South West, National Trust

NT 810136

Summary

Oil painting on poplar panel, Self-portrait, wearing a Feathered Bonnet by Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669) (and studio?), signed and dated, at the lower right background: Rembrant / f (followed by three dots in a triangular pattern) 1635. A half-length portrait of the artist with a white and golden feathered bonnet. He is also wearing a sumptuously embroidered velvet cloak, a gorget (metal neckband) and gold chains from which is suspended a medallion, seemingly fashioned from a Spanish doubloon or real. His jewelled beret has elegant golden and white plumes, attached theatrically in the centre with a large gem. He is standing in a starkly-lit studio and his shadow with the feathers is playfully depicted on the wall behind. The portrait was painted in 1635, after the artist had settled in Amsterdam from his native Leiden and had married Saskia van Uylenburgh, cousin of his art-dealer friend.

Full description

Acquired as a genuine Rembrandt by Prince Joseph-Wenzel von Liechtenstein (1696-1772) and considered as such by Rembrandt scholars, until Horst Gerson suggested it was possibly by Govaert Flinck in 1968. Since then its authenticity has been in doubt. However, its high quality and the fact that it does not reproduce any other known self-portrait by Rembrandt suggest that it is a prototype. Furthermore, recent X-rays and infra-red refectology show that the artist has changed the position of his left arm, which would not be consistent with it being a copy. At least three copies of it are known: in Wiesbaden, in the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica (Palazzo Baberini), Rome, and formerly in the Cook collection, Doughty House, Richmond. The unusually mechanical execution of the feathers on the bonnet suggests that they may have been painted by an assistant. The technical examination at the Hamilton Kerr Institute, Cambridge during 2013 and 2014 included visual inspection under magnification, infra-red reflectography, x-radiography, raking light photography and pigment and medium analysis. Cleaning and removal of yellowed varnish revealed more of the original colours and painting style. It was found that the signature was contemporary with the creation of the portrait. The infra-red and x-ray images showed how the composition was changed during the execution of the work. The wood of the panel was identified as being from the poplar/willow family, and the pigments were found to include azurite, smalt and bone black. These findings are consistent with the practice of Rembrandt and his assistants. The changing of the composition and the quality of the brushwork revealed by the cleaning, in particular, are compelling evidence to suggest that the portrait is by Rembrandt himself.

Provenance

Acquired by Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein (1696-1772), Vienna; collection of the Princes of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, until at least 1948 (when exhibited at Lucerne); with Edward Speelman, London, 1960s; Harold Samuel, Baron Samuel of Wych Cross (1912 - 1987); acquired by the National Trust as a gift from the estate of the late Edna, Lady Samuel of Wych Cross (1918-2008), 2010.

Credit line

Buckland Abbey (given from the estate of Edna, Lady Samuel of Wych Cross (1918-2008) to the National Trust in 2010)

Marks and inscriptions

Verso: White exhibition label: Kunstmuseum Luzern 1948 Meisterwerke aus den Sammlungen des Fursten von Liechtenstein Katalog Nr. 104 Verso: In black ink: 1635 and more crossed out with blue chalk across Verso: White label, maekedin blue in: 84 corresponds to its inventory number when it was in the Galerie Liechtenstein in Vienna and stamp

Makers and roles

Rembrandt van Rijn (Leiden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist Rembrandt van Rijn (Leiden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669) (and studio?), artist previously catalogued as studio of Rembrandt van Rijn (Leiden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist previously catalogued as possibly Govaert Teunisz. Flinck (Cleves 1615 – Amsterdam 1660), artist previously catalogued as attributed to Rembrandt van Rijn (Leiden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist previously catalogued as by Rembrandt van Rijn (Leiden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist

Exhibition history

Young Rembrandt/Jonge Rembrandt, Museum De Lakenhal, Leiden, 2019 - 2020 Young Rembrandt/Jonge Rembrandt, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2019 - 2020

References

Vosmaer 1868 C. Vosmaer, Rembrandt Harmensz. Van Rijn, sa vie at ses oeuvres, Le Haye, 1868, p. 508 Bode 1883 W. Bode, Studien zur Geschichte der holländischen Malerei, Braunschweig, 1883 , pp. 411, 576, no. 131 Dutuit, 1881-85 E. Dutuit, L'Oeuvre Complet de Rembrandt, Paris 1881 - 85, vol. III, p. 50, no. 141 Wurzbach 1886 A. von Wurzbach, Rembrandt Galerie, Stuttgart, 1886, no. 26 Michel 1893 E. Michel, Rembrandt. Sa vie, son oeuvre et son temps, Paris 1893, pp. 215, 560 Bode & Hofstede de Groot 1898 W. Bode and C. Hofstede de Groot, Rembrandt, Paris 1898 - 1900, vol. III, 1899, no.168 Moes 1897-1905 Ernst Wilhelm Moes, Iconographia Batava, 2 vols., Amsterdam, 1897-1905, no. 6693, p. 33 Hofstede de Groot 1907-28 C. Hofstede de Groot, A Catalogue Raisonné of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century, 8 vols., London, 1907-28, vol VI, 1916, no. 584, pp. 285-6 Valentier 1908 W. R. Valentier, Rembrandt des Meisters Gemälde, Berlin 1908 , p. 150, no. 174 Bredius 1935: A. Bredius, Rembrandt Gemälde, Vienna 1935 , no. 25 Gerson 1968 H. Gerson, Rembrandt Paintings, London 1968, no. 171 Lecaldano 1969 P. Lecaldano, The Complete Paintings of Rembrandt, London 1969, p. 103, no. 164 Tümpel 1986 Christian Tümpel, Rembrandt in Selstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten, Amsterdam 1986, no. A 64 Bruyn 1989 J. Bruyn et al. A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings, 1635 - 1642 (RRP), Volume 3, 1989, Volume 3, no. C 92 Slatkes 1992 L. J. Slatkes, Rembrandt. Catalogo Completo dei Dipinti, Florence 1992, p. 378, no. 251 Wright 1982 Christopher Wright, Rembrandt Self-Portraits, 1982, no. 24, p. 41 & pl. 51 Wetering 2005 Ernst van de Wetering, A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings, Self-portraits (RRP), Volume 4, 2005, p. 234 Duffy-Zebellos & Fletcher 2005 Lisa Duffy-Zebellos and Sharon Fletcher, "Three Questioned Rembrandts re-enter the Canon: More to Come" in International Foundation for Art Research (IFAR) Journal, Volume 15, No. 2, 2014, p. 32-39 Prized Possessions: Dutch Paintings from National Trust Houses (exh. cat.), Holburne Museum, Bath 25 May - 16 Sep 2018; Mauritshuis, The Hague, 11 Oct 2018 - 6 Jan 2019; Petworth House, West Sussex, 26 Jan - 24 Mar 2019., pp. 154-7, no. 18

View more details