Oil painting on canvas, Wooded Rocky Landscape or a Woody Landscape with Figures (Classical Landscape) by Gaspard Dughet (Rome 1615 – Rome 1675). Landscape with a wooded area, with a lone figure standing by water with rocks above, and further away, in the centre of the scene, two other figures rest beside the water. Gaspard Dughet, sometimes called Gaspard Poussin, was Nicolas Poussin's brother-in-law and pupil. Landscapes by 'Poussin', many of the grander ones being then ascribed to Nicolas, were one of the elements emulated, or even taken over, by British collectors from the Roman galleries that they had admired on the Grand Tour. The unusual 'paper-maché' frame on this one indicates that it must already have been in a British collection in the 18th century, but it is first recorded in the posthumous sale in 1886 of the noted collector William Graham, 1817-1885, who is better known for his early Italian pictures and Pre-Raphaelites, including the first version of Burne-Jones's Briar Rose sequence, the second realisation of which is at Buscot Park.
William Graham (1818 - 1885) by whom exhibited at RA in 1877 (262) and in his 1882 inventory as a 'Classical Landscape', canvas 47 x 75; his posthumous sale, London, Christie's (286W), 9th April 1886, lot 375 to Colnaghi for £304 10s (Graves, 1921, II, p. 349); Charles Henry Mills, 1st Baron Hillingdon (1830 - 1898); sold by the 3rd Lord Hillingdon (1891 - 1952) at Christie's, 12 May 1950, lot 132 to Mahon (not viewed pre-purchase); in store at National Gallery,1960-1992 and given to the National Trust by Sir Denis Mahon (1910 - 2011), 1996.
Marks and inscriptions
Verso: Left stretcher bar. printed 286 W
M555 written in chalk
Verso: Bottom stretcher bar 20JP printed
Makers and roles
Gaspard Dughet (Rome 1615 – Rome 1675), artist
Boisclair 1986: Marie-Nicole Boisclair, Gaspard Dughet, Paris, 1986, p. 211 - cat. no 130 (Boisclair 1978 p. 108-110. cat. 123)
Garnett 2000 Oliver Garnett, ‘The Letters and Collection of William Graham’, The Walpole Society, vol.LXII, 2000, d255, p. 329