Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,893 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,529 items Explore
  • 5,000 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,615 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,725 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,070 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,874 items Explore
  • 1,109 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,529 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,050 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,710 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,668 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,525 items Explore
  • 9,687 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,061 items Explore
  • 5,596 items Explore
  • 4,049 items Explore
  • 1,484 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,326 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,061 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 885 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,968 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,935 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,338 items Explore
  • 1,189 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 22 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,398 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,384 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,107 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 279 items Explore
  • 8,046 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 716 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,522 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,732 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,050 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 169 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 852 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,291 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,247 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 6,423 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,319 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,726 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,380 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 13,463 items Explore
  • 2,720 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,290 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,341 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 2,141 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 39,207 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,278 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 131 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,506 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,530 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 697 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,652 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 2 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,320 items Explore
  • 22,519 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,375 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,600 items Explore
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 2,624 items Explore
  • 4,752 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,880 items Explore
  • 4,532 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 2,279 items Explore
  • 2,453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,756 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,872 items Explore
  • 8,880 items Explore
  • 1,850 items Explore
  • 5,464 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,250 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,600 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,164 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,403 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,698 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,201 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,543 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,981 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 12,759 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,574 items Explore
  • 16,135 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,679 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,206 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,340 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,382 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,980 items Explore
  • 7,277 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 2,652 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 12,448 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,530 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,160 items Explore
  • 2,225 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 246 items Explore
  • 70,860 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,830 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 213 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,886 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 102 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,481 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,849 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Mercury

after Giambologna (Douai 1529 - Florence 1608)

Category

Art / Sculpture

Date

1700 - 1799

Materials

Bronze on giallo marble base

Measurements

510 x 260 x 130 mm

Place of origin

Italy

Order this image

Collection

Stourhead, Wiltshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Stourhead, Wiltshire, South West, National Trust

NT 731850

Summary

Bronze, on giallo marble cylinder with black base, Mercury, after Giambologna (Douai 1529 - Florence 1608), 18th century. Mercury, messenger of the gods, lightly balances his left foot on a puff of wind blown from the mouth of a zephyr whilst pointing his right index finger up to the heavens. He is shown with the traditional attribute of a winged helmet and boots but the caduceus has broken off. After the Bargello Mercury.

Full description

Mercury is the most celebrated and replicated of Giambologna's bronze sculptures, appearing in various iterations throughout the sculptor's lifetime and continually reproduced and adapted since. The first design is preserved in a bronze cast from a working model in the Museo Civico, Bologna, produced to crown a column in the University of Bologna. That project lapsed but the model was revived in 1564 for a new commission from Cosimo I de' Medici: a large statuette of Mercury presented as a diplomatic gift to the Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian II, whose sister Joanna was to be married to Cosimo's son Francesco. Maximilian venerated Mercury as a personal icon and Giambologna appears to have interpreted Leone Leoni's 1551 medal of the Emperor for his composition (see British Museum, London, G3,GerM.8). The whereabouts of that commission, a large statuette said to be the size of a 15-year-old-boy, are unknown, however a smaller statuette of Mercury by Giambologna dated 1585 does exist in the Viennese imperial collection: it is some 62.7 cm high and a rare example of a signed work, bearing the initials 'I.B' on Mercury's hat (Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Kunstkammer, 5898). That statuette is closer to a third, earlier Mercury, cast before 1579 for Ottavio Farnese, in the Museo e Gallerie Nazionali di Capodimonte, Naples, which is 57 cm high (inv.10784). A fourth design, in the Museo Nazionalle del Bargello, was cast in 1580 and accords with the life-size scale of Maximillian's Mercury, but was certainly executed for the Villa Medici in Rome on the orders of Cardinal Ferdinando I de' Medici (see photograph NT 96691). The innovation of the Bargello Mercury is the introduction of a bronze zephyr's head puffing a jet of wind vertically to support Mercury's foot. It was the model for a later 1598 bronze measuring 180 centimeters in The Louvre (Duc de Brissac collection, M.R. 3271). The Stourhead statuette of Mercury, cast in the 18th century, is a reduction of the Bargello type. Further sources for Giambologna's Mercury are Verrocchio's Cupid and a Dolphin commissioned for the Medici Chapel at Careggi (now in the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence), Giovanni Rustici's Mercury taking flight, a statuette commissioned in 1515 by Cardinal Giulio de' Medici, for the Palazzo Medici, Florence (Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, M.2-1997), and the statuette of Mercury in one of the niches of Benvenuto Cellini's Perseus with the Head of Medusa (1545-54) commissioned by Cosimo I for Piazza della Signoria, Florence. Alice Rylance-Watson January 2019

Credit line

Stourhead, The Hoare Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

after Giambologna (Douai 1529 - Florence 1608), sculptor

References

Avery and Radcliffe 1978: Charles Avery and Anthony Radcliffe, Giambologna, 1529-1608: sculptor to the Medici, exh.cat. venues: Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna 1978, pp.83-8, nos.33-5 Avery 1994: Charles Avery, Giambologna: The Complete Sculpture, London 1994, pp.21-8, 125-8

View more details