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Bergère chair

Thomas Chippendale II (1749 -1822)

Category

Furniture

Date

1802

Materials

Satinwood, ebony, textile, brass, beech frame

Measurements

92.5 x 68 x 79 cm

Place of origin

London

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Collection

Stourhead, Wiltshire (Accredited Museum)

NT 731704.2

Summary

One of a set of four satinwood, ebony banded and upholstered bergères or 'lounging chairs' by Thomas Chippendale the Younger (1749-1822) London 1802. Two commissioned for the Cabinet Room at Stourhead, the other two commissioned for the Picture Gallery by Sir Richard Colt Hoare. With later upholstery, loose cushion seat and raised on turned tapered reeded front legs with ebony bands and square section sabre back legs. Brass socket castors.

Full description

Chippendale's accounts dated 20th September 1802 & 16th October 1802 '2 lounging chairs with sattinwood feet stuffed in fine linen and cushions for the seats and backs on castors £13-' and 'silk thread and time making cotton cases to do £2-18-' and '2 satinwood lounging chairs to match stuffed in fine linen with thick cushions in the seats on castors £13-' and 'silk thread and time making cotton cases to ditto lined and welted £2-18-' Thomas Chippendale the Younger at Stourhead Sir Richard Colt Hoare employed Thomas Chippendale the Younger (1749-1822) from 1795 to 1820 to supply furniture and furnishings for Stourhead in Wiltshire. The accounts submitted for his work are the largest known archive relating to Chippendale’s work. Out of the 163 pieces of furniture described in the accounts, 103 are still in the house, mostly in the rooms for which they were made. There was a fire in 1902 which destroyed the central part of Stourhead but fortunately most of the pictures and furniture from the ground floor were saved, the majority of the contents of the upper floors were destroyed. Chippendale the Younger worked with his father Thomas Chippendale (1718-1779) for many years before the latter died. Much of the work he produced in the 1780s and 1790s continued the styles and techniques associated with the Chippendale firm. During these years he was completing or continuing commissions that the firm had been involved with including Harewood house, Nostell Priory, and Burton Constable amongst others. The furniture supplied for Stourhead shows the continued high quality and attention to detail that was expected from the Chippendale workshops, linked with simplicity of decoration and clarity of line. For further discussion and extensive published research see: Goodison, Judith ‘The life and work of Thomas Chippendale Junior’ PWP 2017 Goodison, Judith ‘Thomas Chippendale the Younger at Stourhead’ Furniture History Society 2005 (Vol. 41) pp. 57-116 Gilbert, Christopher ‘The life and work of Thomas Chippendale’ London 1978 Vol.1 pp.235, 267 Beard, Geoffrey & Gilbert, Christopher ‘The Dictionary of English Furniture Makers, 1660-1840’ Furniture History Society 1986 pg.169 James Weedon (March 2018)

Provenance

Two chairs commissioned for the Cabinet Room at Stourhead, the other two commissioned for the Picture Gallery by Sir Richard Colt Hoare in 1802. Made and supplied by Thomas Chippendale the Younger. Given to the National Trust along with Stourhead House, its grounds, and the rest of the contents by Sir Henry Hugh Arthur Hoare, 6th Bt (1865 – 1947) in 1946.

Makers and roles

Thomas Chippendale II (1749 -1822), cabinet maker

References

Goodison, 2005: Judith Goodison. “Thomas Chippendale the younger at Stourhead.” Furniture History 31 (2005): pp.57-116, pp. 57-116 Gilbert, 1978: Christopher Gilbert. The life and work of Thomas Chippendale. London: Studio Vista: Christie’s, 1978., pp. 235, 267 Beard and Gilbert, 1986: Geoffrey Beard and Christopher Gilbert (ed), Dictionary of English Furniture Makers 1660-1840, 1986, pg.169 Goodison, 2017: Judith Goodison, The Life and Work of Thomas Chippendale Junior, PWP London & New York 2017

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