Euphrosyne complaining to Venus of the Wound caused by Cupid’s Dart

Angelica Kauffman RA (Chur 1741 – Rome 1807)
National Trust Inventory Number 608951

Category Paintings
Date 1793 (signed and dated) - 1796 (exh at RA)
Materials Oil on canvas
Measurements 2464 x 1651 mm (97 x 65 in)
Place of origin Rome
Collection Attingham Park, Shropshire (Accredited Museum)
On show at Attingham Park, Shropshire, Midlands, National Trust

This picture, and its companion piece, ‘Bacchus and Ariadne’, represent the theme of love lost and found, as well as the painful pleasure that love can inflict. Euphrosyne was one of the Three Graces, who is shown here complaining to Venus that Cupid (Venus’s child) has wounded her hand with one of his arrows. Venus defends him, and so continues Cupid’s mischievous and humorous teasing of the Graces.

The picture was commissioned by Thomas Noel Hill, 2nd Lord Berwick (1770 – 1832), whilst he was in Rome. The subject may have been chosen by his travelling companion, Dr Edward Clarke. It was taken from ‘Le Grazie Vendicate’ (Defence of the Graces) by Metastasio (1698 – 1782). The theme of the companion picture was taken from Ovid, so the pictures were also a pictorial representation of the debate on the comparative merits of classical and modern verse.

Summary description

Oil painting on canvas, Euphrosyne complaining to Venus of the Wound caused by Cupid’s Dart by Angelica Kauffman (Chur 1741 – Rome 1807), signed and dated: Angelica Kauffmañ Pinx: Romae 1793. Euphrosyne on the left in blue drapery shows Venus, dressed in white and seated on a couch, the wound inflicted by the smiling Cupid. Companion to 'Bacchus and Ariadne' by Angelica Kauffman.

Lord Berwick was in Rome in 1792-93 with the mineralogist and traveller Edward Clarke (1769 - 1822), who related that 'Lord Berwick is employing Angelica Kauffmann in painting and I am now selecting passages from the poets for her to paint for his house at Attingham'.

Provenance

2nd Lord Berwick collection: Thomas Noel Hill, 2nd Baron Berwick (1770 – 1832); 1913 Inventory p.80; No.60 in 1928 Attingham Picture Catalogue. By descent bequeathed to the National Trust with the estate, house and contents of Attingham by Thomas Henry Noel-Hill, 8th Baron Berwick (1877-1947) on 15th May 1953.

Credit line

Attingham Park, The Berwick Collection (National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

Angelica Kauffmann Pinxit Romae 1793 (signed and dated on plinth at left)

Makers and roles

Angelica Kauffman RA (Chur 1741 – Rome 1807), artist

Related items

Place of origin Rome (387)
Materials Oil paint (8292)
Canvas (10037)
Giltwood (3923)
Category Paintings (12642)
Collection Attingham Park, Shropshire (Accredited Museum) (9601)
Periods 18th century (85617)
Maker Angelica Kauffman RA (Chur 1741 – Rome 1807) (150)
Subjects Myth and Allegory (321)
Venus (Aphrodite) (67)
Cupid (Eros) (49)
Euphrosyne (4)
Object Type Oil painting (12274)

Record Status

Enhanced

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