Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,453 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,033 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,512 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 10,626 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,621 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,761 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,197 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,692 items Explore
  • 454 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,162 items Explore
  • 788 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 788 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,297 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,827 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,694 items Explore
  • 9,686 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,148 items Explore
  • 6,103 items Explore
  • 4,138 items Explore
  • 1,513 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,495 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,131 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 1,540 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,437 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,477 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 846 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,031 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,069 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,520 items Explore
  • 916 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,090 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,329 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 736 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,395 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,038 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,977 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,325 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,200 items Explore
  • 7,706 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 991 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 4,094 items Explore
  • 13,473 items Explore
  • 2,850 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,288 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,322 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,161 items Explore
  • 3,316 items Explore
  • 2,138 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 45 items
  • 41,202 items Explore
  • 637 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,288 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 254 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,117 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,542 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 15 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,917 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,218 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 20 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 22,698 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,059 items Explore
  • 3,569 items Explore
  • 2,646 items Explore
  • 4,773 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,898 items Explore
  • 4,792 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,680 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 6,021 items Explore
  • 8,810 items Explore
  • 1,849 items Explore
  • 5,770 items Explore
  • 3,338 items Explore
  • 11,070 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,639 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,654 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 996 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,406 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,165 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,562 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,926 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,945 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,585 items Explore
  • 16,255 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,380 items Explore
  • 399 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,382 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,753 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 4,222 items Explore
  • 465 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,686 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,697 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,493 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 71,469 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,845 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,621 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,148 items Explore
  • 5,504 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 633 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 465 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,175 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 23 items
  • 10,833 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 217 items
  • 16,811 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The settle, designed by William Morris and Philip Webb

William Morris (Walthamstow 1834 - Hammersmith 1896)

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1856 - circa 1865

Materials

Pine, iron, brass, paint

Measurements

255.5 x 357 x 101 cm

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Red House, Kent

NT 60136

Summary

A white-painted settle with gallery, English, designed by William Morris, possibly constructed by Henry Price, circa 1856, adapted for installation in Red House by Philip Speakman Webb, circa 1860-65. The canopy with twelve grained wood panels stenciled with tilting helmets and shields in gold paint, with enclosed panelled sides to form a 'minstrel's gallery', the gallery was added when the settle was installed at Red House, accessed by a ten rung ladder (detachable), the ladder and gallery providing access to a door leading into the roof space, three open sections below the gallery, the open sections fitted with shelves, below are another three sections, the two side sections with cupboard doors, made of vertical planks with long decorative black-painted iron hinges, the central open section with a single shelf, underneath is a long seat with a radiator below, the seat has a later yellow fabric squab cushion. The whole settle is fixed to the wall.

Full description

A white-painted settle with gallery, English, designed by William Morris, possibly constructed by Henry Price, circa 1856, adapted for installation in Red House by Philip Speakman Webb, circa 1860-65. The canopy with twelve grained wood panels stenciled with tilting helmets and shields in gold paint, with enclosed panelled sides to form a 'minstrel's gallery', the gallery was added when the settle was installed at Red House, accessed by a ten rung ladder (detachable), the ladder and gallery providing access to a door leading into the roof space, three open sections below the gallery, the open sections fitted with shelves, below are another three sections, the two side sections with cupboard doors, made of vertical planks with long decorative black-painted iron hinges, the central open section with a single shelf, underneath is a long seat with a radiator below, the seat has a later yellow fabric squab cushion. The whole settle is fixed to the wall. The settle is thought to have been designed by William Morris for his rooms in Red Lion Square, London and then adapted by Philip Webb for the installation at Red House with the addition of the minstrels gallery and ladder. Described at Red Lion Square in J.W. Mackail's 'The life of William Morris, Volume I', New Edition, 1901, p. 113, 'a large settle was designed, with a long seat below, and above, three cupboards with great swing doors', there appears to be something of a difference to the current piece. The supposed maker of the settle Henry Price described the piece that he made for Morris in his diary: 'Oak, Walnut, Pitch, Pine, Lime Tree and Mahogany all went into the job. A large Cabinet about 7ft high and as long, a seat forming a bunk, with arms each end Carv to represent Fishes. Three Cupboards The Doors with fantastic ironwork hinges, representing Birds, fishes and Flowers Bolted on, and gilt coloured.' Again there are notable differences between the piece described and the settle at Red House. This may suggest that there were greater adaptions to the piece on its installation at Red House than has been traditionally believed. Thought to originally have had three cupboard doors with mahogany panels painted by Rossetti. Mackail refers to Rossetti seeing the settle when first installed in the Red Lion Square rooms, p. 113-114, 'he at once made designs for oil paintings to be executed on the panels of the cupboard doors and the sides of the settle.' There appears to be some confusion as to whether the doors painted by Rossetti were originally positioned in the upper or the lower section. The current plank doors can be seen in a c.1911 photograph installed in the upper sections but by c.1945 they have been moved to the lower sections. However, while the doors are no longer still with the settle we are aware of what they depicted. Mackail describes the scenes painted on the panels p. 114, 'The design for the central panel, Love between the Sun and Moon' and the two flanking doors 'the Meeting of Dante and Beatrice in Florence, and their Meeting in Paradise.' Beatrice Portinari was the subject for all three panels, for whom the Italian poet Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) possessed an enduring but unrequited love, as recounted in the 'Vita Nuova'. The central panel, presented to Tate Britain by F. Treharne James in 1920 (N03532), depicts 'Dantis Amor' symbolizing Beatrice's death, which occurred between the event depicted in the two flanking panels. These two panels, purchased by the National Gallery of Canada in 1957 (no. 6750.1-3), depict 'The Salutation of Beatrice in Florence' and 'The Salutation in the Garden of Eden'. It is thought that Rossetti presented the two Saluation panels to Morris as a wedding present, the earthly Beatrice in the first panel being modeled on Jane Morris. When William Morris and his family decided to leave Red House in 1865 they took the painted panels with them. Mackail writes, p. 165, ' Among the treasures abandoned...both the great painted cupboards; but the painted panels in one of these last were taken out and replaced by plain panels.' Photographs of the settle show that at some point between c.1911 and c.1945 it was painted white. Recent paint analysis shows that the original layer of paint is a blue-green with subsequent layers of orange-red and then brown. This may suggest that it was originally painted blue-green when at Red Lion Square but painted orange-red at Red House which would correspond with the hall settle (NT 60108) which is also originally thought to have been painted this colour.

Provenance

The settle was installed at Red House while William Morris and his family were resident, circa 1860-65, and has remained in situ ever since. The National Trust purchased Red House in 2003 to ensure its permanent preservation. The settle was acquired with the house as part of this purchase.

Makers and roles

William Morris (Walthamstow 1834 - Hammersmith 1896), designer Philip Speakman Webb (Oxford 1831 - West Sussex 1915), designer

References

'William Morris's Early Furniture', The Journal of the William Morris Society 4:26 Mackail, J. W. The Life of William Morris 1901

View more details