Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,431 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,030 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,439 items Explore
  • 4,898 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,469 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,329 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,210 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,811 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,281 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 17,151 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 896 items Explore
  • 810 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 24,445 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 1,509 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,756 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,726 items Explore
  • 5,439 items Explore
  • 4,062 items Explore
  • 936 items Explore
  • 898 items Explore
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,275 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 725 items Explore
  • 836 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 1,010 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,263 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,322 items Explore
  • 70 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,498 items Explore
  • 1,086 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 761 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 822 items Explore
  • 1,892 items
  • 2 items
  • 278 items Explore
  • 2,344 items
  • 2,501 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,683 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,686 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,067 items Explore
  • 235 items Explore
  • 7,528 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 720 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,354 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,689 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,110 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 446 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 273 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 711 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 5,042 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,272 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,975 items Explore
  • 179 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,351 items Explore
  • 12,479 items Explore
  • 2,728 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,216 items Explore
  • 34 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,325 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,589 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 2,007 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 35,643 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,433 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,564 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,905 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 198 items
  • 621 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,056 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,667 items Explore
  • 20,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,188 items
  • 178 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 10,074 items Explore
  • 3,542 items Explore
  • 2,612 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,354 items Explore
  • 4,051 items Explore
  • 449 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 2,234 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,275 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,403 items Explore
  • 8,946 items Explore
  • 1,854 items Explore
  • 3,592 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,830 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,527 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,952 items Explore
  • 617 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 455 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,561 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,994 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,990 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2,006 items
  • 5,096 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,350 items Explore
  • 1,346 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,538 items Explore
  • 15,861 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,405 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,015 items Explore
  • 245 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,633 items Explore
  • 6,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 548 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,431 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 3 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,368 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,197 items Explore
  • 714 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 59,036 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,595 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,564 items Explore
  • 5,120 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 627 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 3 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 334 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,468 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,286 items Explore
  • 90 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 896 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Dish

Category

Ceramics

Date

1400 - 1425

Materials

porcelain, underglaze cobalt blue

Measurements

76.2 mm (Depth); 431.8 mm (Diameter)

Place of origin

Jingdezhen

Order this image

Collection

Wallington, Northumberland (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Wallington, Northumberland, North, National Trust

NT 581660

Summary

A large blue-painted dish, made in Jingdezhen around 1400-25. Decorated in the centre in underglaze blue and two stylised lotuses; the cavetto with Lingzhi (sacred fungus), peaches, pomegranates and cherries, and a border of scrolling leaves.

Full description

This Chinese Ming dynasty porcelain dish is exceptional among historic English collections. It was made around 1400–25, almost two centuries before Chinese porcelain began to be exported to England. A Persian inscription identifies it as part of the imperial Mughal treasury of Shah Jahan, a great patron of art and architecture who reigned from 1628 to 1658. Discovered amidst the treasures taken as spoils during India’s First War of Independence, in 1857, it was acquired by Sir Charles Edward Trevelyan, 1st Baronet (1807–86), of Wallington, a colonial administrator and father of the modern British civil service, when he was governor of Madras in 1859–60. The Delhi sultanate commissioned large dishes with broad, flat rims in the mid-fourteenth century for use in communal feasting, but the trade was discouraged under the first Ming emperor. Between 1405 and 1433, however, the Chinese diplomat Zheng He made numerous maritime expeditions to south and western Asia, and this dish may have been among his diplomatic gifts. Although the shape was foreign, the painted decoration is thoroughly Chinese, with lotus blossoms and scrolling aquatic plants (polygonum and sagittaria) in the centre, surrounded by stylised lingzhi (sacred mushrooms) alternating with fruiting loquat, peach, pomegranate and cherry branches, and a meandering chrysanthemum scroll band around the exterior. On the glazed footrim is a Persian inscription in nasta’liq script incised by a gem carver or seal engraver, probably Iranian, who were the most skilled in calligraphy. Around sixteen examples are known of Chinese porcelain with Mughal inscriptions, dating between 1612 and 1660. The seven examples associated with Shah Jahan are older than their inscriptions and are, therefore (if not inherited), evidence of his or a wider courtly taste for antique Chinese porcelain. Some were perhaps received as diplomatic gifts. The inscription reads ‘For/of Shah Jahan, “Warrior of the Faith”’ ('Az Shah Jahan Padshah Ghazi, sanna ahad’). Another inscription records its weight as 224 tola and 5 masha, possibly a method of record-keeping for inventory purposes, more commonly associated with precious metal. Similar Chinese porcelain dishes are seen displayed in the architectural details of a famous Mughal album painting of about 1610, which depicts an annual ceremony in which the future Shah Jahan was weighed against gold, silver and grain, later distributed to the poor. The dish has a paper label inscribed in ink ‘Lucknow / 1859’. Lucknow was the cosmopolitan Muslim capital of Awadh (Oudh), in Uttar Pradesh, north India. In 1856 the British annexed the kingdom, resulting in the First War of Independence, when the British sacked and looted the Qaisar Bagh Palace. Its treasury, formed by the nawabs of Awadh, included imperial Mughal manuscripts and paintings acquired when members of the imperial family moved to Faizabad and Lucknow following the sack of Delhi in 1739, or from later waves of cultural émigrés. The Wallington dish may have shared this provenance. In 1862, Sir Charles was joined in India by his son Sir George Otto Trevelyan, the future 2nd Baronet (1838–1928), author of Cawnpore (1865) and later Secretary for Scotland. When Sir George rearranged the large ceramic collection at Wallington, ‘a long and delightful labour of love’, he placed the rare Mughal heirloom above a door in the dining room (where it was photographed in 1918). It commemorates the lives lost in the horrific massacre at Cawnpore during the First War of Independence. Catalogue entry adapted from Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016.

Marks and inscriptions

Lucknow/1859 (paper stamp adhesive label) Incised on the foot rim and on the unglazed base in Persian

References

Ferguson 2016: Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016, p.190

View more details