Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,903 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,531 items Explore
  • 5,000 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 10,650 items Explore
  • 13,057 items Explore
  • 4,619 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,726 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,069 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,819 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,502 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,071 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 26,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,670 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,617 items Explore
  • 9,688 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,059 items Explore
  • 5,638 items Explore
  • 4,053 items Explore
  • 1,501 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,350 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,062 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 883 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,945 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,937 items Explore
  • 1,516 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,418 items Explore
  • 1,191 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 22 items
  • 3 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 841 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,398 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,386 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,434 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 279 items Explore
  • 8,047 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,665 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,814 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 166 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 854 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,292 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,247 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6,769 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,322 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,726 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,460 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,490 items Explore
  • 13,470 items Explore
  • 2,719 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,292 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,332 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,295 items Explore
  • 2,157 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 39,802 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,278 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 131 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,177 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,524 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 697 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,636 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 2 items
  • 83 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 39 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,481 items Explore
  • 22,561 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,596 items Explore
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 2,646 items Explore
  • 4,752 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,881 items Explore
  • 4,797 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,565 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,759 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,875 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,849 items Explore
  • 5,689 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,344 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,598 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 9 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,411 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,699 items Explore
  • 1,201 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,544 items Explore
  • 939 items Explore
  • 1,958 items
  • 5,985 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 12,759 items Explore
  • 1,385 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,571 items Explore
  • 16,143 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,679 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,358 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,334 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 439 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,376 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,473 items Explore
  • 7,291 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 2,960 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 4 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,515 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 324 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,634 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,143 items Explore
  • 2,239 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 249 items Explore
  • 71,132 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,063 items Explore
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 486 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,910 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 332 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,665 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,850 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Dish

Category

Ceramics

Date

1400 - 1425

Materials

porcelain, underglaze cobalt blue

Measurements

76.2 mm (Depth); 431.8 mm (Diameter)

Place of origin

Jingdezhen

Order this image

Collection

Wallington, Northumberland (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Entrance Hall, Wallington, Northumberland, North, National Trust

NT 581660

Summary

A large blue-painted dish, made in Jingdezhen around 1400-25. Decorated in the centre in underglaze blue and two stylised lotuses; the cavetto with Lingzhi (sacred fungus), peaches, pomegranates and cherries, and a border of scrolling leaves.

Full description

This Chinese Ming dynasty porcelain dish is exceptional among historic English collections. It was made around 1400–25, almost two centuries before Chinese porcelain began to be exported to England. A Persian inscription identifies it as part of the imperial Mughal treasury of Shah Jahan, a great patron of art and architecture who reigned from 1628 to 1658. Discovered amidst the treasures taken as spoils during India’s First War of Independence, in 1857, it was acquired by Sir Charles Edward Trevelyan, 1st Baronet (1807–86), of Wallington, a colonial administrator and father of the modern British civil service, when he was governor of Madras in 1859–60. The Delhi sultanate commissioned large dishes with broad, flat rims in the mid-fourteenth century for use in communal feasting, but the trade was discouraged under the first Ming emperor. Between 1405 and 1433, however, the Chinese diplomat Zheng He made numerous maritime expeditions to south and western Asia, and this dish may have been among his diplomatic gifts. Although the shape was foreign, the painted decoration is thoroughly Chinese, with lotus blossoms and scrolling aquatic plants (polygonum and sagittaria) in the centre, surrounded by stylised lingzhi (sacred mushrooms) alternating with fruiting loquat, peach, pomegranate and cherry branches, and a meandering chrysanthemum scroll band around the exterior. On the glazed footrim is a Persian inscription in nasta’liq script incised by a gem carver or seal engraver, probably Iranian, who were the most skilled in calligraphy. Around sixteen examples are known of Chinese porcelain with Mughal inscriptions, dating between 1612 and 1660. The seven examples associated with Shah Jahan are older than their inscriptions and are, therefore (if not inherited), evidence of his or a wider courtly taste for antique Chinese porcelain. Some were perhaps received as diplomatic gifts. The inscription reads ‘For/of Shah Jahan, “Warrior of the Faith”’ ('Az Shah Jahan Padshah Ghazi, sanna ahad’). Another inscription records its weight as 224 tola and 5 masha, possibly a method of record-keeping for inventory purposes, more commonly associated with precious metal. Similar Chinese porcelain dishes are seen displayed in the architectural details of a famous Mughal album painting of about 1610, which depicts an annual ceremony in which the future Shah Jahan was weighed against gold, silver and grain, later distributed to the poor. The dish has a paper label inscribed in ink ‘Lucknow / 1859’. Lucknow was the cosmopolitan Muslim capital of Awadh (Oudh), in Uttar Pradesh, north India. In 1856 the British annexed the kingdom, resulting in the First War of Independence, when the British sacked and looted the Qaisar Bagh Palace. Its treasury, formed by the nawabs of Awadh, included imperial Mughal manuscripts and paintings acquired when members of the imperial family moved to Faizabad and Lucknow following the sack of Delhi in 1739, or from later waves of cultural émigrés. The Wallington dish may have shared this provenance. In 1862, Sir Charles was joined in India by his son Sir George Otto Trevelyan, the future 2nd Baronet (1838–1928), author of Cawnpore (1865) and later Secretary for Scotland. When Sir George rearranged the large ceramic collection at Wallington, ‘a long and delightful labour of love’, he placed the rare Mughal heirloom above a door in the dining room (where it was photographed in 1918). It commemorates the lives lost in the horrific massacre at Cawnpore during the First War of Independence. Catalogue entry adapted from Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016.

Marks and inscriptions

Lucknow/1859 (paper stamp adhesive label) Incised on the foot rim and on the unglazed base in Persian

References

Ferguson 2016: Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016, p.190

View more details