Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,893 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,529 items Explore
  • 5,000 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,615 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,725 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,070 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,874 items Explore
  • 1,109 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,529 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,051 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,710 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,668 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,525 items Explore
  • 9,687 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,061 items Explore
  • 5,596 items Explore
  • 4,049 items Explore
  • 1,484 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,326 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,061 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 885 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,968 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,935 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,338 items Explore
  • 1,189 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 22 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 841 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,398 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,384 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,132 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 279 items Explore
  • 8,046 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 716 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,522 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,732 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,050 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 169 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 852 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,291 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,247 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 6,423 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,319 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,726 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,380 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 13,463 items Explore
  • 2,720 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,290 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,341 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 2,141 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 39,213 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,278 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 131 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,506 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,530 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 697 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,652 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 2 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,320 items Explore
  • 22,519 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,375 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,600 items Explore
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 2,624 items Explore
  • 4,752 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,880 items Explore
  • 4,542 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 2,279 items Explore
  • 2,453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,756 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,872 items Explore
  • 8,880 items Explore
  • 1,850 items Explore
  • 5,464 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,250 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,600 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,164 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,403 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,698 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,201 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,543 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,981 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 12,759 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,574 items Explore
  • 16,135 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,679 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,206 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,340 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,382 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,989 items Explore
  • 7,277 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 2,652 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 12,448 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,530 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,160 items Explore
  • 2,225 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 246 items Explore
  • 70,860 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,830 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 213 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,886 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 108 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,481 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,849 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Triumph of Marcus Aurelius (fragment)

Michiel Wauters (fl. 1648 - d. 1679)

Category

Tapestries

Date

circa 1660 - 1679

Materials

Tapestry, wool and silk, 7-8 warps per cm

Measurements

1840 x 2870 mm

Place of origin

Antwerp

Order this image

Collection

Packwood House, Warwickshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Packwood House, Warwickshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 557891

Summary

Tapestry, wool and silk, 7-8 warps per cm, The Triumph of Marcus Aurelius from a set of two of the History of Marcus Aurelius, workshop of Michiel Wauters after a design by Abraham van Diepenbeeck, c. 1660-1679. A rectangular panel cut from a larger piece. In the foreground to the right of centre is a Roman soldier wearing armour and a helmet and walking down steps, with only the top half of his body visible. He turns back to look at two prisoners whom he leads on a chain tied around their wrists. To the left of the soldier is a man wearing a green cloak and a laurel wreath holding up a standard which disappears above the edge of the tapestry, and another figure wearing red is cut off on the far left. Behind the figures is a chariot drawn by two horses and ridden by the triumphant figure of Marcus Aurelius, whose legs are visible but his body is cut off by the top of the tapestry.

Full description

Marcus Aurelius (121-180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD. He was known as the Philosopher King and is best remembered for the ‘Meditations’, a series of auto-biographical meditations on the duties of a ruler. His life appears in a number of late Roman histories but was codified in the sixteenth century by the Franciscan historian Francisco Antonia de Guevara, whose ‘Libro Aureo de Marco Aurelio Emperador’ was published in 1529, dedicated to the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. The ‘Libro Aureo’ (‘or ‘Golden Book’) told the story of the Philosopher King as a series of short narratives, each of which had a moral. An expanded edition of the book appeared in Barcelona in 1647 (De Mendonça 1939) and it was almost certainly this edition that provided the source for the present tapestry set. This tapestry and its companion, a fragment from ‘The Triumph of Marcus Aurelius’ (no. 557891), are part of a series telling the story of Marcus Aurelius. There was originally a third tapestry from the set at Packwood showing ‘Marcus Aurelius presenting his son to the Philosophers’, but this was stolen in 1991 (no. 557924). Although the tapestries were once thought to be English (Marillier 1930), they were in fact woven in the Antwerp workshop of Michiel Wauters (d. 1679), whose monogram appears on a number of other surviving examples. The records of the Firm Forchoudt, art dealers who exported tapestries from the Netherlands throughout Europe in the late seventeenth century, contain references to Marcus Aurelius tapestries woven by Michiel Wauters in the 1670s (Denucé 1936, pp. 373, 374, 377), and two tapestries from the series along with a set of eight cartoons appeared in Wauters’s posthumous warehouse inventory in 1679 (Denucé 1932, p. 300). An undated letter from Michiel Wauters to the art dealer Guillaum Forchoudt confirms that the ‘Marcus Aurelius’ tapestries were designed by the Antwerp painter and printmaker Abraham van Diepenbeeck (1596-1675) (Denucé 1931, p. 272). Diepenbeeck began supplying tapestry designs for the Wauters brothers in 1655, and in the following twenty years he designed at least 11 different tapestry sets for them. Diepenbeeck appears to have provided his designs in the form of drawings in ink which were then translated into cartoons by specialist cartoon painters. Three of Diepenbeeck’s drawings for the ‘Marcus Aurelius’ tapestries survive in the British Museum, the Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna and the Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt (Steadman 1982, pp. 47-48). Reversed copies of three drawings, possibly made by a cartoon painter, are in the Whitworth Art Gallery. The ‘History of Marcus Aurelius’ was among the most popular of the Wauters tapestry sets, and numerous examples survive. The most complete are a set of five in the Museum of Applied Arts, Milan (Forti-Grazzini 1984, cats. 13-16, pp. 32-37, and figs. 44-56) and a set of six in the Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, Lisbon (De Mendonça 1939). A number of tapestries from the series have been recorded in collections in Britain (Forti-Grazzini 1984, p. 33). A panel showing ‘Marcus Aurelius berating his wife Faustina’ at Sizergh Castle (998627) is one of more than thirty Wauters tapestries in National Trust houses. (Helen Wyld, 2009)

Provenance

Formerly Ferrers collection, Baddesley Clinton. Sold Sotheby's, 24 June 1932, lot 141, and bought by Graham Baron Ash for Packwood House. Given to the National Trust by Graham Baron Ash in 1941

Credit line

Packwood House, The Graham Baron Ash Collection (The National Trust)

Makers and roles

Michiel Wauters (fl. 1648 - d. 1679), workshop Wauters, Cockx and de Wael , workshop Abraham Jansz. van Diepenbeeck ('s Hertogenbosch 1596 - Antwerp 1675) , artist

References

Forti-Grazzini, 1984: Nello Forti-Grazzini, Museo d'arti applicate. Arazzi (Musei e Gallerie di Milano), Milan 1984, pp. 32-34 Steadman, 1982: D W Steadman, Abraham van Diepenbeeck: seventeenth century Flemish painter (PhD, Princeton University, 1973), Ann Arbor 1982 de Mendonça 1939 Maria José de Mendonça, ‘As tapeçarias da história de Marco Aurelio’, Boletim dos Museus Nacionais de Arte Antiga’, I (1939), pp. 57-67 Denucé, 1936: Jean Denucé, Antwerpsche tapijtkunst en handel, Antwerp 1936 Crick-Kuntziger, 1935: Marthe Crick-Kuntziger, 'Contribution à l'histoire de la tapisserie anversoise: les marques et les tentures des Wauters', in Revue belge d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'art, 5, 1935, pp. 35-44 Denucé, 1932: Jean Denucé, De Antwerpsche “Konstkamers”: inventarissen van kunstverzamelingen te Antwerpen in de 16e en 17e eeuwen, Antwerp 1932 Denucé, 1931: Jean Denucé, Kunstuitvoer in de 17e eeuw te Antwerpen: de firma Forchoudt, Antwerp 1931 Marillier, 1930: Henry C Marillier, English Tapestries of the Eighteenth Century, London 1930, p. 59 Deurne, 1973: Anne Marie Peré, Eric Duverger and Jan Walgrave, Antwerpse Wandtapijten, exh. cat. Deurne 1973

View more details