Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,444 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,890 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,420 items Explore
  • 4,914 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,431 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,684 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,122 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,904 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,964 items Explore
  • 408 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,598 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,798 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,310 items Explore
  • 1,505 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,655 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,732 items Explore
  • 5,411 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 924 items Explore
  • 868 items Explore
  • 2,996 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,108 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 845 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,160 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 5,178 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,311 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,305 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 972 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 824 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 275 items Explore
  • 2,257 items
  • 1,969 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,679 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,059 items Explore
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,384 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 723 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,984 items Explore
  • 825 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,868 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,883 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,270 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 698 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,976 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,256 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,555 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 989 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,919 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 115 items
  • 3,197 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,731 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,982 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,326 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,103 items Explore
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 1,942 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 33,551 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,266 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 29 items
  • 63 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,561 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,259 items Explore
  • 858 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 790 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,045 items Explore
  • 878 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,801 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,792 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,410 items Explore
  • 20,101 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,187 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 1 items
  • 9,982 items Explore
  • 3,527 items Explore
  • 2,617 items Explore
  • 4,668 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,345 items Explore
  • 4,024 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,276 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,479 items Explore
  • 8,958 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,508 items Explore
  • 3,302 items Explore
  • 8,812 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,510 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,851 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 143 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 458 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,308 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,922 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,031 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,835 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,010 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,334 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,545 items Explore
  • 16,133 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,648 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,529 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,776 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 7,381 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 21,198 items Explore
  • 6,522 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 557 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,838 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,305 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,200 items Explore
  • 609 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 57,081 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,597 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,124 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,083 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 449 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,380 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 949 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,269 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 801 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Chair

Thomas Phill (d. 1728)

Category

Furniture

Date

12 Feb 1715 (billed for)

Materials

Walnut, linen canvas worked with wool and silk, later cotton backing, brass studs

Measurements

127 x 60 x 51 cm

Place of origin

The Sign of the Three Golden Chairs, Strand, London

Order this image

Collection

Canons Ashby, Northamptonshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Canons Ashby, Northamptonshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 494468.1

Summary

A chair, or backstool, English, made by Thomas Phill (d. 1728) upholder at the The Sign of the Three Golden Chairs in the Strand, London and purchased by Edward Dryden (d. 1717). One of a set of seven pieces of seat furniture, including six chairs and a probably slightly later sofa [NT 494468.7], and a slightly later firescreen [NT 494468.8]. Magnificently upholstered in contemporary close-nailed linen canvas worked with wool and silk in a pattern of vases issuing bright red flowers and with green and blue leaves. The back of raked rectangular form with raised flat-arched scroll-over top edge, on small turned supports. The seat raised to the front on a pair of angular cabriole legs with a flattened leading edge and block and column-turned raked rear legs, all joined by flat wavy side stretchers and a ball and block-turned central stretcher. -- The chairs in this set have been identified as the earliest document examples made with cabriole legs and, as such, are a highly important survival [Bowett]. The form of the back was probably what was then known as a 'scrowle back'. The bill for the chairs, dated 12th February 1714/15, reads as follows: - For 6 wallnutttree back chaire frames of ye newest fashion Stufft up in Lynnen & ye seats covered a 2nd time att 25s p. piece [sic]...£7.10.0 - for green serge for ye backs of ye 6 Chairs...0.5.6 - for making ye needleworke covers and fixing ym on ye chairs & for sewing silke used about ye same...£1.13.0 - for 17 ¼ yds of gold Colour serge for false caises at 22p[er yard]...£1.11.7½ - for sewing silke tapes and making ye 6 false cases at 2s.6d. p[er] piece...0.15.0 There was no charge for the needlework which covers the seats themselves, so it may be that Edward Dryden had this already and gave it to Phill. The chairs green serge backs were replaced with cotton in 1985 and the gold serge 'false caises' (loose covers) are lost. The total cost of these chairs, including false covers, was just under £2 each. Thomas Phill was paid £47 15s 0d for goods supplied to Canons Ashby between March 1709 and April 1715. He mostly supplied bedding, including calico quilts. On his death in 1728, he was described as 'Upholsterer to Her late Majesty Queen Anne and also George I and II. The sofa and the firescreen are absent from the bill, so it is possible that they were made to match at a slightly later date. Indeed, the needlework is stitched in petit point with pastoral scenes and smaller-scale flowers. None of these pieces are listed in the Canons Ashby inventory in 1717 - perhaps because they were heirlooms - but they were listed in the 'Two Pair Stairs Room' (now the Tapestry Room) in the inventory taken on the death of Sir John, 7th Baronet in 1770.

Provenance

Purchased by Edward Dryden (d. 1717) and listed in the inventory of 1770 in the 'Two Pair Stairs Room' (now the Tapestry Room), where they remained in 1921 when the room was photographed by Country Life. By descent, until sold in 1938; purchased by the National Trust in 1983 with the aid of an anonymous benefactor and a grant in aid from the Victoria & Albert Museum.

Makers and roles

Thomas Phill (d. 1728), upholder

References

Jackson-Stops, 1985: Gervase Jackson-Stops, “A set of furniture by Thomas Phill at Canons Ashby.” Furniture History 21 1985: pp.217-18. Bowett 2009, Early Georgian Furniture 1715 - 1740 (2009), Illustrated and discussed pp. 151 - 153 and Plate 4:12. Beard, Geoffrey W. Dictionary of English furniture makers, 1660-1840 1986., p. 694

View more details