Prometheus deceives Jupiter over Sacrificial Offerings
Louis Laguerre (Paris 1663 - London 1721)
This was one of Laguerre’s last painted scenes and was completed in 1720. It was painted at the same time as his masterpiece at Blenheim. A French painter, he came to England in 1683 and decorated the great houses of the nobility across England. The principal theme of the wall-painting is the story of Prometheus and Pandora. Having stolen fire from the gods, Jupiter chained Prometheus to a rock but he was released by Hercules. He then fashioned men from clay but as further punishment Jupiter caused Pandora to open a box which unleashed all the world’s evils but also hope. The choice of subject matter must be an allusion to the disastrous fire of 1714.
Oil painting on plaster, Prometheus deceives Jupiter over Sacrificial Offerings by Louis Laguerre (Paris 1663 - London 1721). In a landscape setting, to the left an altar, to the right, stands Prometheus pointing to the two sacrificial bundles and looking up to Zeus and Hera seated on a cloud, above the altar, attended by an eagle. Zeus points with his left finger. Prometheus (forethought) is represented as the great benefactor of Man. He was a Titan, the son of Lapetus and Themis, the daughter of Oceanus. Being a master craftsman, he created Man by moulding figures out of clay he found at Panopea, Athena then breathed life into them. Because of the faults of mortal men Zeus determined to destroy them. He tried to starve them by demanding offerings of the best of their food. Prometheus defeated this by a trick that resulted in Zeus receiving the bones of animal offerings, wrapped in fat, instead of the best meat. Zeus, in his anger, deprived men of fire but Prometheus stole it from Olympus by secretly taking it in the stalk of a fennel plant, and returned it to them. Zeus in revenge caused Hephaestus to make the first woman, Pandora, who would bring misery upon the human race. He presented her with a sealed jar containing all the evils that were ever to plague mankind. The only good it contained was Hope who was at the bottom. Pandora was delivered by Mercury/Hermes to Epimetheus who had been warned by his brother Prometheus not to accept gifts from the gods. Epimetheus married Pandora. Pandora having been told not open the jar, did so and released into the world a plague of evils - the last to leave was Hope. Zeus then arrested Prometheus and chained him to a rock on Mount Caucasus where by day an eagle consumed his liver, which, because he was immortal restored itself every night. In exchange for some vital information from Prometheus, Zeus allowed his son Hercules to kill the eagle and rescue Prometheus. The stealing of fire for man was celebrated with annual torchlight parades during the Promethean festival.The west wall was painted by Louis Laguerre. The west door piers belong to Salvin's 1879 remodelling rather than having been painted by Laguerre.
By descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by H.M.Treasury.
Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)
Makers and roles
Louis Laguerre (Paris 1663 - London 1721), artist