Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,767 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 5,008 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,629 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,576 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,066 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,703 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,048 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 1,108 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,608 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 18,921 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 148 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,417 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,547 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 154 items Explore
  • 9,176 items Explore
  • 9,676 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,053 items Explore
  • 5,639 items Explore
  • 4,053 items Explore
  • 1,216 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,327 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,019 items Explore
  • 487 items Explore
  • 1,101 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,040 items Explore
  • 1,488 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,075 items Explore
  • 1,186 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 844 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 2,396 items
  • 2,534 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,382 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 31,829 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 238 items Explore
  • 7,943 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 713 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 158 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,496 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,550 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 106 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 131 items
  • 293 items
  • 866 items
  • 725 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 10,747 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,267 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 6,039 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,316 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,724 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,169 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,478 items Explore
  • 13,461 items Explore
  • 2,738 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,298 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,051 items Explore
  • 3,308 items Explore
  • 2,113 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 37,823 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,268 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 108 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,615 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,530 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 219 items
  • 683 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,650 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 82 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,011 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,325 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,368 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,286 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,633 items Explore
  • 4,753 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,448 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,583 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 42 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,880 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,855 items Explore
  • 4,725 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,015 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,583 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 88 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 461 items
  • 1 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,607 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,287 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,198 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,546 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,974 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,727 items Explore
  • 1,386 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,569 items Explore
  • 16,048 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 57 items
  • 5,740 items Explore
  • 8,023 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,318 items Explore
  • 283 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 461 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,318 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,444 items Explore
  • 6,917 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,016 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,216 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 3 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,615 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,195 items Explore
  • 2,204 items Explore
  • 731 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 70,079 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,639 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 30 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,532 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 84 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 815 items
  • 45 items
  • 9,524 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 265 items
  • 15,494 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 380 items
  • 2 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 157 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey RA (Norton, nr. Sheffield 1781 – London 1841)

Category

Art / Sculpture

Date

1828 (signed and dated)

Materials

Marble

Measurements

775 x 530 x 295 mm

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex, London and South East, National Trust

NT 486396

Summary

Marble on marble socle, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), Sir Francis Chantrey (1781-1841), 1828, signed and dated 'CHANTREY SC.1828.' A portrait bust of the Duke of Wellington in Roman pose, head turned to one side and wearing a toga. Mounted on a turned marble socle.

Full description

As a patron of art, George Wyndham (1751-1837), 3rd Earl Egremont, is famous for fostering the landscape painter J.M.W Turner, however Turner was just one of a number of artists Wyndham supported. Sir Francis Chantrey was also a close friend, their association beginning in 1819 when Egremont made an incognito visit to the sculptor's studio in London. He asked whether Chantrey would consider modelling 'an ideal subject, or anything from poetry' rather portraiture which was the standard commission for most contemporary sculptors in England. Chantrey replied: 'Our patrons do not give commissions for such subjects, at least not to English artists; the only sculptor among us who has been employed on anything of the kind is Flaxman, who had a commission from Lord Egremont' (Jones 1849, p.198). Here Chantrey refers to John Flaxman's Pastoral Apollo (NT 486405), commissioned by Egremont in 1813-25, and his 1817-26 masterpiece, St Michael overcoming Satan (NT 486401). Egremont would continue to encourage Chantrey in the line of ideal subjects, challenging him at one point also to produce a 'figure of Satan, with something of his original brightness'. Chantrey would never rise to the challenge, which, according to the sculptor's biographer, 'teased' him 'more or less, as long as he lived'. The sculptor became a frequent guest at Petworth, regularly advising the Earl on his collection and projects for 'adorning' his home. Because of his repertoire, however, Chantrey's work at Petworth is limited to this bust of Wellington (1828) and a herm bust of Sir Joseph Banks (ordered in 1837; NT 486422). Of Wellington Chantrey is known to have produced seven, possibly eight, versions of an original bust commissioned in 1820 by the Earl of Liverpool (1770-1828), the Tory Prime Minister in whose Cabinet Wellington was serving (this is now in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1994.295a). Other versions include those in the Royal Collection (1828, RCIN 35422; 1837, RCIN 2011) and Belton House (1838, NT 486396). Preliminary drawings are at the National Portrait Gallery, NPG 316a (127–130), the British Museum (1859,0528.87), Stratfield Saye and in the collection of David Bindman, London. Chantrey’s original plaster model is in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Alice Rylance-Watson January 2019

Provenance

Commissioned by George, 3rd Earl of Egremont in 1828 (bill payment of £157-10-0 paid in July 1831), thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by H.M.Treasury.

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1957 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

CHANTREY SC.1828 92 (painted on front of socle)

Makers and roles

Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey RA (Norton, nr. Sheffield 1781 – London 1841), sculptor

Exhibition history

The Treasure Houses of Britain, National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA, 1985 - 1986, no.478

References

Yarrington, Lieberman, Potts and Barker 1991-1992: Alison Yarrington, Ilene D. Lieberman, Alex Potts and Malcolm Barker, ‘An Edition of the Ledger of Sir Francis Chantrey R.A., at the Royal Academy, 1809-1841, The Volume of the Walpole Society, 1991-1992, pp.141-2 no.122b

View more details