Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,434 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,029 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,440 items Explore
  • 4,911 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,470 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,214 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,811 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,281 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 17,065 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 810 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 24,271 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 1,508 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,691 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,724 items Explore
  • 5,426 items Explore
  • 4,061 items Explore
  • 936 items Explore
  • 904 items Explore
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,272 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 771 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,263 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,312 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,492 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 761 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 822 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 2 items
  • 278 items Explore
  • 2,344 items
  • 2,503 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,686 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,067 items Explore
  • 235 items Explore
  • 7,524 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 719 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,286 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,485 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,001 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 82 items
  • 446 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 273 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 699 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 5,032 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,272 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,909 items Explore
  • 179 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,732 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,161 items Explore
  • 34 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,321 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,587 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,982 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 35,592 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,305 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,564 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,907 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 198 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,058 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,873 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,666 items Explore
  • 20,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,188 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 1 items
  • 10,074 items Explore
  • 3,526 items Explore
  • 2,612 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,350 items Explore
  • 4,029 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 2,018 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,274 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,403 items Explore
  • 8,945 items Explore
  • 1,827 items Explore
  • 3,578 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,827 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,525 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,943 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 455 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 29 items
  • 3,563 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 43 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,986 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,990 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2,006 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,350 items Explore
  • 1,346 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,537 items Explore
  • 15,848 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,412 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,947 items Explore
  • 245 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,628 items Explore
  • 6,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,429 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 3 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,356 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,214 items Explore
  • 718 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 58,933 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,595 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,150 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,564 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 627 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 329 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,417 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,294 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 894 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

A Vision of the Last Judgment

William Blake (London 1757 - London 1827)

Category

Art / Drawings and watercolours

Date

18 Feb 1808 (letter to Ozias Humphry) - 1808 (signed and dated)

Materials

Pencil, pen and watercolour on paper

Measurements

503 x 400 mm (20 x 15 1/2 in)

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex, London and South East, National Trust

NT 486270

Caption

This is signed and dated to 1808. It was commissioned by the Countess of Egremont in 1807 and was inspired by Michelangelo’s Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel. Blake based his portrayal of the Last Judgement on his belief that God's love allowed for a personal apocalypse as part of the human experience. In the notes to the work, he claimed that ‘whenever any individual rejects error & embraces truth a Last Judgment passes upon that individual.’

Summary

Watercolour, pen and ink and pencil on paper (previously mounted on a canvas and stretcher, in 1957 it was remounted on cardboard), A Vision of the Last Judgment by William Blake (1757-1827), inscribed: W. Blake (WB in monogram) inv. and del. 1808. Christ is depicted enthroned among the Blessed at the top. In the centre, the Angels of the Judgment Day sound trumpets. At left, the Blessed can be seen rising in a stream towards the throne and at right, the damned drop into Hell where Appolyon is seated, six-headed and bound.

Full description

Following Satan calling up his Legions (NT 486264), 'A Vision of the Last Judgment' was the second painting commissioned from Blake by Elizabeth Ilive, Countess of Egremont (1769-1822). It is the third in a series of works dealing with the subject of the Last Judgment and was potentially adapted in reflection of its client’s circumstances, regarding which its themes were certainly pertinent. The first version (Glasgow Museums) was done for Blake's principal patron, the London-based civil servant Thomas Butts (1757–1845), as was a subsequent related work, 'The Fall of Man' (Victoria & Albert Museum). The present work was one of very few works by Blake to be shown at the Royal Academy, where he exhibited only twelve pictures in his lifetime and never again after 'A Vision of The Last Judgment'. The work, which went unnoticed by the reviewers, echoes in part the version of the subject in the Sistine Chapel by Blake’s hero Michelangelo. Uniquely in Blake’s art, the iconography of 'A Vision of the Last Judgment' is fully explained by the artist in a descriptive note, which survives in three autograph versions, one of which is in the Petworth House Archive (no. 87). Text adapted from William Blake in Sussex: Visions of Albion, ed. Andrew Loukes, National Trust in association with Paul Holberton Publishing, 2018, p. 95.

Provenance

Commissioned by the Countess of Egremont in 1807 on the recommendation of Ozias Humphry, RA (see Blake's letter, 18 February 1808); thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-1972) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by HM Treasury

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

W.BLAKE INV. and del. 1808 (inscription reproduced exactly from Collins Baker)

Makers and roles

William Blake (London 1757 - London 1827), artist

Exhibition history

William Blake - The Artist, Tate Britain, London, 2019 - 2020 Blake & British Visionary Art, Pushkin State Museum of Fine Art, Moscow, 2011 - 2012

References

Collins Baker 1920 C.H.Collins Baker, Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures, in the possession of Lord Leconfield, privately printed by the Medici Society, London, 1920, p. 6 no. 454, transcribed letter: “To OZIAS HUMPHREY, Esq. February 18, 1808 William Blake.” Collins Baker 1920 C.H.Collins Baker, Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures, in the possession of Lord Leconfield, privately printed by the Medici Society, London, 1920, p. 6. no. 454, transcribed letter:“To OZIAS HUMPHREY, Esq. February 18, 1808 William Blake.” Gilchrist 1863 & 1880 Alexander Gilchrist, Life of William Blake, ‘Pictor Ignotes’ with Selections from his Poems and Other Writings, 2 vols, London and Cambridge, 1863, 2 vols, London and Cambridge, 1863, vol.I, p.212; vol.II, p.209, no.74, (with an annotated catalogue of Blake’s paintings and drawings by William Michael Rossetti). Further edition published in 1880; vol.I, pp.260-2; vol.II, p.218, no.89. William Blake, (ed. A.G.B.Russell), Tate Gallery, 1913, no.40 (under entry for Stirling-Maxwell version) William Blake in Sussex: Visions of Albion, edited by Andrew Loukes, National Trust in association with Paul Holberton Publishing, 2018.

View more details