Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,903 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,531 items Explore
  • 5,000 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 10,650 items Explore
  • 13,057 items Explore
  • 4,619 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,726 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,069 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,819 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,502 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,071 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 26,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,670 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,617 items Explore
  • 9,688 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,059 items Explore
  • 5,638 items Explore
  • 4,053 items Explore
  • 1,501 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,350 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,062 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 883 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,945 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,937 items Explore
  • 1,516 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,418 items Explore
  • 1,191 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 22 items
  • 3 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 841 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,398 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,386 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,434 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 279 items Explore
  • 8,047 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,665 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,814 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 166 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 854 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,292 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,247 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6,769 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,322 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,726 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,460 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,490 items Explore
  • 13,470 items Explore
  • 2,719 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,292 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,332 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,295 items Explore
  • 2,157 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 39,802 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,278 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 131 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,177 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,524 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 697 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,636 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 2 items
  • 83 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 39 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,481 items Explore
  • 22,561 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,596 items Explore
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 2,646 items Explore
  • 4,752 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,881 items Explore
  • 4,797 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,565 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,759 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,875 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,849 items Explore
  • 5,689 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,344 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,598 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 9 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,411 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,699 items Explore
  • 1,201 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,544 items Explore
  • 939 items Explore
  • 1,958 items
  • 5,985 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 12,759 items Explore
  • 1,385 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,571 items Explore
  • 16,143 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,679 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,358 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,334 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 439 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,376 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,473 items Explore
  • 7,291 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 2,960 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 4 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,515 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 324 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,634 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,143 items Explore
  • 2,239 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 249 items Explore
  • 71,132 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,063 items Explore
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 486 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,910 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 332 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,665 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,850 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

A Vision of the Last Judgment

William Blake (London 1757 - London 1827)

Category

Art / Drawings and watercolours

Date

18 Feb 1808 (letter to Ozias Humphry) - 1808 (signed and dated)

Materials

Pencil, pen and watercolour on paper

Measurements

503 x 400 mm (20 x 15 1/2 in)

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Tate Britain, London, External Locations, Tate Britain, London, External Locations

NT 486270

Caption

This is signed and dated to 1808. It was commissioned by the Countess of Egremont in 1807 and was inspired by Michelangelo’s Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel. Blake based his portrayal of the Last Judgement on his belief that God's love allowed for a personal apocalypse as part of the human experience. In the notes to the work, he claimed that ‘whenever any individual rejects error & embraces truth a Last Judgment passes upon that individual.’

Summary

Watercolour, pen and ink and pencil on paper (previously mounted on a canvas and stretcher, in 1957 it was remounted on cardboard), A Vision of the Last Judgment by William Blake (1757-1827), inscribed: W. Blake (WB in monogram) inv. and del. 1808. Christ is depicted enthroned among the Blessed at the top. In the centre, the Angels of the Judgment Day sound trumpets. At left, the Blessed can be seen rising in a stream towards the throne and at right, the damned drop into Hell where Appolyon is seated, six-headed and bound.

Full description

Following Satan calling up his Legions (NT 486264), 'A Vision of the Last Judgment' was the second painting commissioned from Blake by Elizabeth Ilive, Countess of Egremont (1769-1822). It is the third in a series of works dealing with the subject of the Last Judgment and was potentially adapted in reflection of its client’s circumstances, regarding which its themes were certainly pertinent. The first version (Glasgow Museums) was done for Blake's principal patron, the London-based civil servant Thomas Butts (1757–1845), as was a subsequent related work, 'The Fall of Man' (Victoria & Albert Museum). The present work was one of very few works by Blake to be shown at the Royal Academy, where he exhibited only twelve pictures in his lifetime and never again after 'A Vision of The Last Judgment'. The work, which went unnoticed by the reviewers, echoes in part the version of the subject in the Sistine Chapel by Blake’s hero Michelangelo. Uniquely in Blake’s art, the iconography of 'A Vision of the Last Judgment' is fully explained by the artist in a descriptive note, which survives in three autograph versions, one of which is in the Petworth House Archive (no. 87). Text adapted from William Blake in Sussex: Visions of Albion, ed. Andrew Loukes, National Trust in association with Paul Holberton Publishing, 2018, p. 95.

Provenance

Commissioned by the Countess of Egremont in 1807 on the recommendation of Ozias Humphry, RA (see Blake's letter, 18 February 1808); thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-1972) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by HM Treasury

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

W.BLAKE INV. and del. 1808 (inscription reproduced exactly from Collins Baker)

Makers and roles

William Blake (London 1757 - London 1827), artist

Exhibition history

William Blake , Tate Britain, London, 2019 - 2020 Blake & British Visionary Art, Pushkin State Museum of Fine Art, Moscow, 2011 - 2012

References

Collins Baker 1920 C.H.Collins Baker, Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures, in the possession of Lord Leconfield, privately printed by the Medici Society, London, 1920, p. 6 no. 454, transcribed letter: “To OZIAS HUMPHREY, Esq. February 18, 1808 William Blake.” Collins Baker 1920 C.H.Collins Baker, Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures, in the possession of Lord Leconfield, privately printed by the Medici Society, London, 1920, p. 6. no. 454, transcribed letter:“To OZIAS HUMPHREY, Esq. February 18, 1808 William Blake.” Gilchrist 1863 & 1880 Alexander Gilchrist, Life of William Blake, ‘Pictor Ignotes’ with Selections from his Poems and Other Writings, 2 vols, London and Cambridge, 1863, 2 vols, London and Cambridge, 1863, vol.I, p.212; vol.II, p.209, no.74, (with an annotated catalogue of Blake’s paintings and drawings by William Michael Rossetti). Further edition published in 1880; vol.I, pp.260-2; vol.II, p.218, no.89. William Blake, (ed. A.G.B.Russell), Tate Gallery, 1913, no.40 (under entry for Stirling-Maxwell version) William Blake in Sussex: Visions of Albion, edited by Andrew Loukes, National Trust in association with Paul Holberton Publishing, 2018.

View more details