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The Cognoscenti: including Captain Walcot, Mr Apthorp and Thomas Patch (1725-1782)

Thomas Patch (Exeter 1725 - Florence 1782)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1764 - 1765

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

762 x 1130 mm (30 x 44 ½ in)

Place of origin

Florence

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Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

NT 486255

Caption

This picture was thought, at one time, to be an ‘unusually careless’ (Waagen 1857) work by Hogarth. It was not attributed to Patch until 1940. It is possible that the seated figure to the right is Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont (1710–1763). He went on the Grand Tour from 1728 to 1730 with George Lyttelton (1709-1773) and Henry Bathurst (1714-1794). Two figures: Captain Walcot (seated to the left) and Mr Apthorp (standing to the right) have been identified from the artist's caricatures series. The portrait of the cavalier hanging on the wall bears the features of the artist; the copy of Titian’s ‘Venus of Urbino’ was originally partly concealed by a green curtain, which was removed when the picture was cleaned in 1954. That a monkey is painting a portrait, which itself has simian features, is a sly comment on the taste and behaviour of the sitters but also refers to the ape as the symbol of the art of painting and sculpture. The artist's skill was regarded as essentially imitative and became linked with the animal that was known for its imitativeness, expressed in a popular sayng, 'Art simia Naturae' - 'Art is the ape of nature'.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, The Cognoscenti: including Captain Walcot, Mr Apthorp and Thomas Patch (1725 -1782), late 1764/65. Five full-length figures around a central tea table, two are seated to left and right (possibly Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont) of the table, two stand conversing behind the table (possibly Sir Horace Mann (1706-1786), British envoy in Florence from 1740; standing right) and a figure on the right is conversing with the seated figures at the table. Portraits of Captain Walcot (seated left), Mr Apthorp (standing far right; in black, includiong stockings, possibly as he was just a widowed) [John Apthorp (1730 - 1772) married Alicia (as his first wife), the niece of Horace Mann, in 1758 but she died on the way to Italy in 1763 leaving two orphaned daughters - all three were painted together by Angelica Kauffman, Spring 1764] Both men have been identified from Patch's 28 Caricatures series (1769-70). The artist himself is identified as in the portrait painting on the wall, to the left. Far left is a monkey, seated before an easel, painting a self-portrait, on the walls hangs a portrait, on left, of Patch, who settled in Florence in 1755, dressed as a cavalier and on the right, a copy, without the maidservant figures in the background of the original, of Titian’s Venus of Urbino (Uffizi, Florence). The floor has a diamond pattern.

Provenance

Recorded at Petworth in 1798; thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by HMTreasury.

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1957 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Makers and roles

Thomas Patch (Exeter 1725 - Florence 1782), artist previously catalogued as attributed to William Hogarth (London 1697 - London 1764), photographer

References

Watson 1940 Francis J. B. Watson, ‘Thomas Patch (1725-1782) Notes on his life together with a catalogue of his known works', Walpole Society, XXVIII, 1940, p.36, no.8 Catalogue of Portrait Groups from National Trust Collections, Arts Council of Great Britain, 1960, pp.14–15, no.11, illus. plate ix Waagen 1854-7 Gustav Waagen, Treasures of Art in Great Britain, 3 vols. (translated by Lady Eastlake) with a supplementary volume: Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain, London, 1854-7, p. 38 Ingamells 1997 J. Ingamells, Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy: 1701-1800, New Haven/London 1997, p. 22 Marks 1980 Arthur S. Marks,"Angelica Kauffmann and Some Americans on the Grand Tour." American Art Journal 12, no. 2, 1980, pp. 5-24

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