Prince Rupert of the Rhine, Count Palatine, Duke of Cumberland (1619-1682)
Simon Pietersz Verelst (The Hague 1644 - London 1721)
The lanquid, twisted pose and air of foppish indolence is characteristic of Simon Verelst. Prince Rupert was born in Prague, the third son of Elizabeth of Bohemia (1596-1662) and Frederick V, (1596-1632), Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia. He fought in the Thirty Years War (he was taken prisoner in 1638), and in the Civil Wars, but was a somewhat irresponsible military leader. Prince Rupert returned to England at the Restoration. Verelst arrived nine years later where he quickly built up a prosperous practice. Prince Rupert must have been painted at this period - although he hardly looks the fifty years he would have reached in 1669.
Oil painting on canvas, Prince Rupert of the Rhine, Count Palatine, Duke of Cumberland (1619-1682) by Simon Pietersz Verelst (The Hague 1644 - London 1721). A three-quarter-length portrait, standing, turned slightly to the left, with the head turned languidly to the right, facing. He is wearing coronation robes with the chain of the Garter, his left arm resting on a marble pedestal and with a cane in his right hand.
Purchased by George O'Brien Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egremont (1751-1837) from the sale of Giovanni Battista Cipriani (Christie's, lot 102, 24 Mar 1786) for £28.7, thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by H.M.Treasury.
Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)
Makers and roles
Simon Pietersz Verelst (The Hague 1644 - London 1721), artist
Prized Possessions: Dutch Paintings from National Trust Houses (exh. cat.), Holburne Museum, Bath 25 May - 16 Sep 2018; Mauritshuis, The Hague, 11 Oct 2018 - 6 Jan 2019; Petworth House, West Sussex, 26 Jan - 24 Mar 2019., pp. 175-7, no. 22