Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,457 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,030 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,509 items Explore
  • 5,049 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 10,647 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,621 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,726 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,179 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,086 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 820 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,826 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,691 items Explore
  • 9,686 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,149 items Explore
  • 6,100 items Explore
  • 4,065 items Explore
  • 1,513 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,495 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,136 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,922 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,437 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,459 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 843 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,030 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,066 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,474 items Explore
  • 915 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,046 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,331 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 752 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,406 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,028 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,970 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,324 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,177 items Explore
  • 7,705 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 988 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,819 items Explore
  • 13,472 items Explore
  • 2,715 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,287 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,325 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,162 items Explore
  • 3,316 items Explore
  • 2,126 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 163 items
  • 41,190 items Explore
  • 639 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,286 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 254 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,114 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,548 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 12 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,916 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,217 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 20 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,641 items Explore
  • 22,693 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,054 items Explore
  • 3,569 items Explore
  • 2,645 items Explore
  • 4,766 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,898 items Explore
  • 4,791 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,677 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,885 items Explore
  • 8,840 items Explore
  • 1,856 items Explore
  • 5,766 items Explore
  • 3,338 items Explore
  • 11,068 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,639 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,547 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 996 items
  • 3,603 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,404 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,683 items Explore
  • 1,165 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,562 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,926 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,941 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,576 items Explore
  • 16,305 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,378 items Explore
  • 399 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,398 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,693 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 4,220 items Explore
  • 465 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,686 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,697 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,375 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,147 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 71,490 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,846 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,619 items Explore
  • 1,834 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,124 items Explore
  • 5,504 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 465 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,175 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 23 items
  • 10,803 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 16,813 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,592 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Queen Anne (1665-1714)

Sir Godfrey Kneller (Lübeck 1646/9 - London 1723)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1705

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

1970 x 1180 mm

Order this image

Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

NT 486219

Caption

The Beauty Room, where this picture hangs, was devised by the 6th Duke as a tribute to Queen Anne and the ladies of her court. It was used by him as a dining-room. The ducal cipher and coronet are on a carved wood panel over the Grand Staircase entrance. The Duke served the Queen as Master of the Horse (1702-11/12), while the Duchess was Groom of the Stole (1711-14). The portraits were probably inspired more directly by the set of full-lengths of "the principal ladies attending upon her Majesty", commissioned by the Duchess's close friend, Queen Mary, from Sir Godfrey Kneller c.1690 and known as the 'Hampton Court Beauties'. All but one of the Petworth paintings are by Michael Dahl, a Swede whom the Duke employed on other work in 1695, 1708 and 1713. The set was completed by a portrait of the Duchess of Marlborough by Kneller, who also painted this portrait of the Queen.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Queen Anne (1665–1714) by Sir Godfrey Kneller (Lübeck 1646/9 - London 1723), signed: G.Kneller ft., circa 1705. A full-length portrait, standing, full face, with her right hand on her chest, on which is pinned the Garter badge. She is wearing a deep tawny-gold dress and an ermine-lined blue mantle. Her crown is to the left and on the wall behind a figure and sky to the right. The room was devised by the 6th Duke as a tribute to Queen Anne and the ladies of her court, and was used by him as a dining-room. The ducal cipher and coronet are on a carved wood panel over the Grand Staircase entrance. The Duke served the Queen as Master of the Horse (1702-11/12), while the Duchess was Groom of the Stole (1711-14). The portraits were probably inspired more directly by the set of full-lengths of "the principal ladies attending upon her Majesty, or who were frequently in her Retinue", commissioned by the Duchess's close friend, Queen Mary, from Sir Godfrey Kneller c.1690 and known as the 'Hampton Court Beauties'. All but one of the Petworth paintings are by Michael Dahl, a Swede whom the Duke employed on other work in 1695, 1708 and 1713. The set was completed by a portrait of the Duchess of Marlborough by Kneller, who also painted the portrait of the Queen. They must have been painted after the fire of 1714, which gutted this part of the house, and probably before 1718-20, when Laguerre was painting the adjoining Great Staircase. The 1749/50 and 1764 inventories record the portraits as in this room, with the exception of Queen Anne's portrait, which, curiously, was not listed. However, the inventories show that all bar the two over-doors were hung lower, surmounted by smaller paintings after the Italian sixteenth-century artist Polidoro da Caravaggio.Between the paintings were tall narrow bolection-moulded panels with '3 plates of Silver'd Glass in each'. The frame of the 'Pier Glass Circular Top' between the windows was part of this scheme, but it has lost its original glass 'with 4 Plates'. According to George Jones's biography of the sculptor Sir Francis Chantrey, the Beauty Room remained unaltered until the late 1820s, when the 3rd Earl of Egremont decided to create a shrine to Napoleon and Wellington here, hanging Jones's depictions "of the battles of Vittoria and Waterloo, with the bust of the Duke of Wellington [1828, by Chantrey] between them". He asked Chantrey 'about the best light for the pictures' and was told that:the most favourable [wall] was occupied by three large whole-length portraits, fixed in the panels; upon which his lordship said, "We;;, I will put them there, and your bust of the Duke in the centre. Chantrey then observed that the three portraits must in that case be removed. "No," said the Earl, "I have no place for them." "What then is to be done?" was the natural question; to which the Earl answered, "I will cut off their legs, I do not want their petticoats; their heads shall be placed in three small panels above, and the battles with the marble bust of the Duke shall be placed below them; and this was done."These alterations were apparently already in train by 1826, when the estate yard accounts refer to 'Preparing and fixing the panels in the Beauty Room. The Beauties legs were not in fact 'cut off', but rolled up to reduce their length. In the course of the room's restoration in 1995-6, the portraits have received essential conservation treatment. Pending the longer-term possibility of restoring the paintings to full-lengths and reinstating the 6th Duke's original Beauty Room, the room has been redecorated and rehung in accordance with the 3rd Earl's Napoleonic scheme.

Provenance

In the collection of the 6th Duke of Somerset (1662-1748) when seen by George Vertue in 1738. Thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by H.M.Treasury.

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

G.Kneller ft

Makers and roles

Sir Godfrey Kneller (Lübeck 1646/9 - London 1723), artist

References

Ingamells, 2009: John Ingamells, Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, London, 2009, p. 12

View more details