Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,444 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,895 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,418 items Explore
  • 4,948 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 101 items Explore
  • 9,418 items Explore
  • 13,022 items Explore
  • 4,331 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,686 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,109 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,912 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,985 items Explore
  • 408 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,454 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 68 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,742 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,310 items Explore
  • 1,503 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,662 items Explore
  • 8,918 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 5,569 items Explore
  • 4,022 items Explore
  • 904 items Explore
  • 868 items Explore
  • 2,487 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,945 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 827 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,159 items Explore
  • 988 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 5,180 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 29 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,292 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,149 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 929 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 823 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 275 items Explore
  • 2,257 items
  • 1,969 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,683 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,676 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,053 items Explore
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,375 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 25 items
  • 717 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,768 items Explore
  • 825 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,690 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,883 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 420 items
  • 3,261 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 698 items Explore
  • 5,850 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,982 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,259 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,299 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,540 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 989 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,919 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,196 items Explore
  • 12,318 items Explore
  • 2,724 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,977 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,328 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,063 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,939 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 32,692 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,266 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 30 items
  • 46 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,561 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,260 items Explore
  • 852 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 637 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 878 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,798 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,742 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,342 items Explore
  • 19,577 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,193 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 1 items
  • 9,975 items Explore
  • 3,523 items Explore
  • 2,611 items Explore
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,099 items Explore
  • 4,024 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,809 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,276 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 378 items Explore
  • 5,656 items Explore
  • 8,926 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 3,300 items Explore
  • 8,797 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,505 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,845 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 143 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 457 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 46 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,904 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,820 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,010 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,324 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,545 items Explore
  • 16,135 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 35 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,529 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,770 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 7,360 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,971 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 566 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 2 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,847 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,095 items Explore
  • 588 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 56,844 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,597 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 14,880 items Explore
  • 5,116 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 448 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,379 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,151 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,660 items Explore
  • 952 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Queen Anne (1665-1714)

Sir Godfrey Kneller (Lübeck 1646/9 - London 1723)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1705

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

1970 x 1180 mm

Order this image

Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex, London and South East, National Trust

NT 486219

Caption

The Beauty Room, where this picture hangs, was devised by the 6th Duke as a tribute to Queen Anne and the ladies of her court. It was used by him as a dining-room. The ducal cipher and coronet are on a carved wood panel over the Grand Staircase entrance. The Duke served the Queen as Master of the Horse (1702-11/12), while the Duchess was Groom of the Stole (1711-14). The portraits were probably inspired more directly by the set of full-lengths of "the principal ladies attending upon her Majesty", commissioned by the Duchess's close friend, Queen Mary, from Sir Godfrey Kneller c.1690 and known as the 'Hampton Court Beauties'. All but one of the Petworth paintings are by Michael Dahl, a Swede whom the Duke employed on other work in 1695, 1708 and 1713. The set was completed by a portrait of the Duchess of Marlborough by Kneller, who also painted this portrait of the Queen.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Queen Anne (1665–1714) by Sir Godfrey Kneller (Lübeck 1646/9 - London 1723), signed: G.Kneller ft., circa 1705. A full-length portrait, standing, full face, with her right hand on her chest, on which is pinned the Garter badge. She is wearing a deep tawny-gold dress and an ermine-lined blue mantle. Her crown is to the left and on the wall behind a figure and sky to the right. The room was devised by the 6th Duke as a tribute to Queen Anne and the ladies of her court, and was used by him as a dining-room. The ducal cipher and coronet are on a carved wood panel over the Grand Staircase entrance. The Duke served the Queen as Master of the Horse (1702-11/12), while the Duchess was Groom of the Stole (1711-14). The portraits were probably inspired more directly by the set of full-lengths of "the principal ladies attending upon her Majesty, or who were frequently in her Retinue", commissioned by the Duchess's close friend, Queen Mary, from Sir Godfrey Kneller c.1690 and known as the 'Hampton Court Beauties'. All but one of the Petworth paintings are by Michael Dahl, a Swede whom the Duke employed on other work in 1695, 1708 and 1713. The set was completed by a portrait of the Duchess of Marlborough by Kneller, who also painted the portrait of the Queen. They must have been painted after the fire of 1714, which gutted this part of the house, and probably before 1718-20, when Laguerre was painting the adjoining Great Staircase. The 1749/50 and 1764 inventories record the portraits as in this room, with the exception of Queen Anne's portrait, which, curiously, was not listed. However, the inventories show that all bar the two over-doors were hung lower, surmounted by smaller paintings after the Italian sixteenth-century artist Polidoro da Caravaggio.Between the paintings were tall narrow bolection-moulded panels with '3 plates of Silver'd Glass in each'. The frame of the 'Pier Glass Circular Top' between the windows was part of this scheme, but it has lost its original glass 'with 4 Plates'. According to George Jones's biography of the sculptor Sir Francis Chantrey, the Beauty Room remained unaltered until the late 1820s, when the 3rd Earl of Egremont decided to create a shrine to Napoleon and Wellington here, hanging Jones's depictions "of the battles of Vittoria and Waterloo, with the bust of the Duke of Wellington [1828, by Chantrey] between them". He asked Chantrey 'about the best light for the pictures' and was told that:the most favourable [wall] was occupied by three large whole-length portraits, fixed in the panels; upon which his lordship said, "We;;, I will put them there, and your bust of the Duke in the centre. Chantrey then observed that the three portraits must in that case be removed. "No," said the Earl, "I have no place for them." "What then is to be done?" was the natural question; to which the Earl answered, "I will cut off their legs, I do not want their petticoats; their heads shall be placed in three small panels above, and the battles with the marble bust of the Duke shall be placed below them; and this was done."These alterations were apparently already in train by 1826, when the estate yard accounts refer to 'Preparing and fixing the panels in the Beauty Room. The Beauties legs were not in fact 'cut off', but rolled up to reduce their length. In the course of the room's restoration in 1995-6, the portraits have received essential conservation treatment. Pending the longer-term possibility of restoring the paintings to full-lengths and reinstating the 6th Duke's original Beauty Room, the room has been redecorated and rehung in accordance with the 3rd Earl's Napoleonic scheme.

Provenance

In the collection of the 6th Duke of Somerset (1662-1748) when seen by George Vertue in 1738. Thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by H.M.Treasury.

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

G.Kneller ft

Makers and roles

Sir Godfrey Kneller (Lübeck 1646/9 - London 1723), artist of original

References

Ingamells, 2009: John Ingamells, Later Stuart Portraits 1685-1714, National Portrait Gallery, London, 2009, p. 12

View more details