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Queen Henrietta Maria (1609-1669) and her 'Dwarf', Jeffrey Hudson (1619-1682) (after Van Dyck)

Charles Jervas (Dublin 1675 – London 1739)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1700 - 1739

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

2120 x 1200 mm

Place of origin

England

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Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex, London and South East, National Trust

NT 486190

Caption

Jeffrey Hudson (1619-1682) was the son of a butcher at Oakham who bred and baited bulls for the 1st Duke of Buckingham. He was 18 inches high till 30 years of age, but later then grew to 42-45 inches, so strictly speaking was not a 'dwarf'. He came to the notice of the Duchess of Buckingham, who served him up in a pie at dinner to Charles I and Henrietta Maria, when they visited Rutland in 1628/9, and he was taken into the service of Henrietta Maria. He is said to have become a captain in the Civil War, but accompanied the Queen in her flight to Pendennis Castle in 1644, and went with her to Paris in 1649. His waistcoat, breeches, and stockings, are preserved in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. This was painted after the apparent original by Sir Anthony van Dyck, which is now in the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Queen Henrietta Maria (1609-1669) and her 'Dwarf', Sir Jeffrey Hudson (1619-1682) (after Van Dyck) by Charles Jervas (Dublin 1675 – London 1739). Full-length portraits, standing, full face, the Queen is wearing a large black hat and deep blue silk dress. Hudson on the left dressed in rose-scarlet with a monkey on his shoulder with a pillar and golden curtains at right, and sky and trees at left in the background. The apparent original is in the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Provenance

Possibly the picture confusingly called (as she was called at the Restoration): The Queen Mother. Ditto [= whole length] with Godfrey the Dwarf. Ditto [= ‘Jarvis’],which was lot 56 in ‘Mr Hampden’s’ sale in 1754 (Houlditch, vol. I, pp.446-47), in which it was paired with a portrait of: “King Charles Ist whole length, in Greenwich Park, and his Page”, and in a sale with quantities of other Jervas copies and portraits (which may have come through one of the obscurer sitters, Martin Baldwyn, because it is hard to see why otherwise there should have been two portraits of him). Sir Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont (1710-1763) was buying heavily through sales at this period, and though the sale is not recorded in his pocket-book, and no buyer’s names are recorded by Houlditch, there is at least a possibility that this is how it got to Petworth - especially since Jervas was not an artist otherwise employed there; in the collection of the 2nd Earl of Egremont (1710-1763) at the time of his death and thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by HM Treasury.

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

Henrietta Maria of France/Charles the 1 Queen (inscribed bottom left)

Makers and roles

Charles Jervas (Dublin 1675 – London 1739), artist after Sir Anthony Van Dyck (Antwerp 1599 - London 1641), artist

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