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Teresia Khan, Lady Shirley (1579/80-1668)

Sir Anthony Van Dyck (Antwerp 1599 - London 1641)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1622

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

2140 x 1290 mm

Place of origin

Rome

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Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex, London and South East, National Trust

NT 486170

Caption

It is not known exactly when this portrait and its pendant of ‘Sir Robert Shirley’ arrived at Petworth. The earliest record of their presence in the house is not until 1775. Teresia, or Elizabeth, was the daughter of Ishamael Khan. She married Sir Robert Shirley in 1607. He was an envoy from the Shah of Persia to several European countries. Both this and the pendant of her were painted in Rome. Numerous sketches of the couple appear in Van Dyck’s Italian Sketchbooks. They tend to suggest that Van Dyck was originally just struck by the Shirleys and their suite as exotic phenomena, and that the portraits of Sir Robert and his wife were not commissioned until later. His training with Rubens had sharpened his eye for the enriching effect that colourful oriental dress could offer. He had also recently begun to absorb the lessons of Titian and the other great Venetian colourists.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas,Teresia Khan, Lady Shirley (1579/80-1668) by Sir Anthony van Dyck (Antwerp 1599 - London 1641), 1622. A full-length portrait of a Elizabeth or Teresia, a Circassian noblewoman, seated on a divan, three-quarters left, with both her hands in her lap. On her head is a tiara with a large palm tuft, and she is wearing a dull gold dress, embroidered with blue and red with a cinnamon mantle. The divan is standing on a red turkey carpet and in the right background is a landscape with a square tower and a red curtain at left. She married 'Sir' Robert Shirley, an English adventurer who served as Ambassador of the Shah of Persia. They went on a diplomatic mission to Rome in 1622 and the picture can be dated to Van Dyck's first visit to the city.

Provenance

Neither this painting, nor its companion of Sir Robert Shirley (NT 486169) appear in the inventories of 1671 and 1672 of the 10th Earl of Northumberland (1602-1668). It was in the collection of the 2nd Earl of Egremont (1710-1763) by the time of his death in 1763; by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by HM Treasury

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Makers and roles

Sir Anthony Van Dyck (Antwerp 1599 - London 1641), artist

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