Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,458 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,032 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,509 items Explore
  • 5,049 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,647 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,619 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,019 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,725 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,174 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,320 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,091 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,207 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,826 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,669 items Explore
  • 9,688 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,055 items Explore
  • 6,101 items Explore
  • 4,057 items Explore
  • 1,514 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,354 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 335 items Explore
  • 794 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,919 items Explore
  • 1,515 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,434 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 3 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,424 items
  • 2,532 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,391 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,019 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,061 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 160 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,468 items Explore
  • 915 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,046 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,331 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 752 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,414 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,023 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,965 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,314 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,728 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,706 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 991 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,512 items Explore
  • 13,445 items Explore
  • 2,715 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,289 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,329 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,066 items Explore
  • 3,311 items Explore
  • 2,133 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 41,051 items Explore
  • 639 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,291 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 197 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,111 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,546 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,913 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,300 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,644 items Explore
  • 22,697 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,045 items Explore
  • 3,567 items Explore
  • 2,646 items Explore
  • 4,761 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,897 items Explore
  • 4,793 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,595 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 443 items Explore
  • 5,883 items Explore
  • 8,798 items Explore
  • 1,848 items Explore
  • 5,752 items Explore
  • 3,339 items Explore
  • 11,064 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,297 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 996 items
  • 3,600 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,406 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,701 items Explore
  • 1,188 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,562 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,925 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,944 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,561 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 16,311 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,733 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,383 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 399 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 3 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,394 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,565 items Explore
  • 7,349 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,632 items Explore
  • 454 items
  • 8 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,688 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,621 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,370 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,146 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 247 items Explore
  • 71,510 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,844 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 1,837 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,015 items Explore
  • 5,504 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 467 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 336 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 30 items
  • 10,727 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 16,834 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Rape of Europa

William Hilton the younger RA (Lincoln 1786 - London 1839)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1818 - 1821 (exh at RA)

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

1448 x 1930 mm (57 x 76 in)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

NT 486141

Caption

The subject is taken from the Roman poet Ovid’s ‘Metamorphoses’. The god Jupiter fell in love with a princess, Europa, and disguising himself as a bull, came to where she played by the seashore with her attendants. Beguiled by the bull, she garlanded him with flowers and climbed upon his back. Jupiter then bore her off to sea, carrying her to Crete, where he resumed his normal shape and ravished her. This picture was clearly inspired by Titian’s of the same subject. Now in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, it was then in the collection of the Earl of Darnley, and had been exhibited at the British Institution in 1816. Hilton is best known today for his portraits of the poets John Keats and John Clare. However, he was successful in his lifetime for his history paintings in the ‘grand manner.’ This work was painted in 1818 for Sir John Leicester.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, The Rape of Europa by William Hilton the younger RA (Lincoln 1786 - London 1839), 1818. Europa is in white, on the bull, centre, looking profile left towards the receding shore. At her feet Nereids are swimming and at right are Tritons. Above is Jove's (Jupiter/Zeus) eagle. According to a translated version in to English of Ovid's Metamorphoses: "In flow'ry wreaths the royal virgin dress'd His bending horns, and kindly clapt his breast, Till now grown wanton, and devoid of fear, Not knowing that she press' the Thunderer, She placed herself upon his back, and rode O'r fields and meadows, seated on the God. He gently march' along, and by degrees Left the dry meadows and approach' the seas, Where now he dips his hoofs, and wets his thighs, Now plunges in, and carried off the prize. The frighted Nymph looks backward on the shore And hears the trembling billows round her roar; And still she holds him fast .. Her train of ruffling garments flies behind, Swells in the air, and hovers in the wind." This was Hilton's first secular commission. It would have been inspired by Titian's Rape of Europa now in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston but then in the collection of the Earl of Darnley at Cobham Hall, who had just acquired it himself from Thomas Noel Hill, 2nd Lord Berwick (1770 - 1823) of Attingham Park (NT). Jupiter and Europa, as it was then called, was exhibited only two years before, in 1816 at the British Institution, a private exhibiting society with the aim of encouraging native talent and showing living artists alongside Old Masters.

Provenance

Painted for Sir John Leicester, later Lord de Tabley (1762-1827), in 1818 for 250 gns.; bought by Thomas Phillips (1770 - 1845) who had toured Itlay with the artist in 1825, at Leicester's posthumous Christie's sale on 7 July 1827, lot 51 for 300 gns. for the 3rd Earl of Egremont (1751-1837); thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by HMTreasury; formal transfer of ownership on 20 September 1990 by HMTreasury to the National Trust.

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1957 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

Recto: Tablet on bottom of frame, inscribed. 30. THE RAPE OF EUROPA HILTON

Makers and roles

William Hilton the younger RA (Lincoln 1786 - London 1839), artist

References

Bucklow 1993 Spike Bucklow, 'The 3rd Earl of Egremont, a Patron and his Portrait: New Light on Petworth' Apollo, June 1993, pp.363-6 Bolton 1845 Henry Restra Bolton (1792-1871), Miscellaneous papers. Petworth House. Account of Pictures cleaned from the first of October to the 29th October (inclusive) 1849 by H.R.Bolton. Petworth House Archives, PHA. 7524.18. [small sketch] 30. 76 . 58. Collins Baker 1920 C.H.Collins Baker, Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures, in the possession of Lord Leconfield, privately printed by the Medici Society, London, 1920, 30 Hall 1960-62 Douglas Hall, 'The Tabley House Papers', Walpole Society, XXXVIII, 1960-62, no.32, pl.33b Boase, 1959: T.S.R.Boase, English Art 1800-1870, Oxford,1959, p.164

View more details