Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,454 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,061 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,499 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 10,621 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,646 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,038 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,759 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 19,205 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,900 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,645 items Explore
  • 456 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 19,351 items Explore
  • 791 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 9 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 800 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 108 items
  • 27,979 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 1,519 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,712 items Explore
  • 9,685 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,138 items Explore
  • 7,439 items Explore
  • 4,411 items Explore
  • 1,512 items Explore
  • 930 items Explore
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 334 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,095 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 1,047 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 1,575 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,430 items Explore
  • 1,241 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,485 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 747 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 349 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,318 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,285 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,065 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 731 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,728 items Explore
  • 916 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,121 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,052 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 293 items
  • 736 items
  • 868 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 272 items Explore
  • 11,395 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,038 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 7,377 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,360 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,201 items Explore
  • 7,745 items Explore
  • 200 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,095 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 223 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,495 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 6,346 items Explore
  • 14,235 items Explore
  • 3,127 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,318 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,320 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,166 items Explore
  • 3,393 items Explore
  • 2,289 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 41,365 items Explore
  • 638 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,281 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 27 items
  • 257 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 13,207 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 1 items
  • 4,534 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,284 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,928 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,313 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,647 items Explore
  • 23,088 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,323 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,644 items Explore
  • 4,776 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,901 items Explore
  • 4,796 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,922 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,863 items Explore
  • 291 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 6,122 items Explore
  • 8,817 items Explore
  • 1,859 items Explore
  • 5,797 items Explore
  • 3,344 items Explore
  • 11,070 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,644 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,890 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 996 items Explore
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,405 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,714 items Explore
  • 1,163 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,566 items Explore
  • 1,005 items Explore
  • 1,924 items
  • 7,023 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,944 items Explore
  • 1,418 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,584 items Explore
  • 16,313 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,380 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 299 items Explore
  • 8,367 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,038 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,838 items Explore
  • 465 items
  • 339 items Explore
  • 12,691 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,704 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,227 items Explore
  • 2,494 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,135 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 73,075 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,845 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 3,623 items Explore
  • 1,832 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,291 items Explore
  • 5,508 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 633 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 11,026 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,546 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 16,818 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 8 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,587 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Adoration of the Magi (Triptych) and Christ before Pilate (Verso)

attributed to Hieronymus Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant c. 1450 - 's-Hertogenbosch 1516)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1495 - circa 1500

Materials

Oil on oak panel

Measurements

Central panel: 914 x 724 mm (36 x 28 1/2 in) Wings: 883 x 289 mm (34 3/4 x 11 3/8)

Place of origin

Netherlands

Order this image

Collection

Upton House, Warwickshire (Accredited Museum)

NT 446744

Summary

Oil painting on oak panel, The Adoration of the Magi (Triptych) and Christ before Pilate (verso), attributed to Hieronymus Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant c. 1450 - 's-Hertogenbosch 1516), circa 1495 - 1500. Central panel: the Adoration of the Magi, with the Virgin Mary and Christ Child seated at right, being presented with gifts by the Three Magi outside a dilapidated stable, with hills, a river, and city in the distance. The eldest Magus, traditionally identified as Caspar, is cloaked in red and kneels at the feet of the Virgin, having presented the gift of a golden sculpture (the subject unidentified). His crown can be seen in the foreground. The second Magus, wearing a blue cloak and traditionally identified as Melchior, stands beside the kneeling Magus, his jewelled mantle decorated with scenes showing the Queen of Sheba before Solomon (a prototype of the Adoration). He offers the gift of frankincense on a golden dish. The third Magus, Balthasar, wears a white tasselled dalmatic with thistle-leaf motif, and carries an spherical casket decorated with a relief of the Offer of Water to David (another prototype of the Adoration). Within the casket is the gift of myrrh. He is accompanied by an attendant wearing red. Observing the Virgin and Child from the doorway of the stable is a semi-nude man traditionally identified as the Antichrist, surrounded by followers. He wears a translucent tunic and red drapery, gold chains and shackles, and a turban encased with metal thorns. At the crown is a small glass vessel containing a blossoming twig. The Antichrist appears to hold Melchior's headdress. An owl, a lizard, a small bird and a sheaf of wheat are visible in the stable's rafters. Within the stable an ass rests, framed by the adjacent doorway and almost entirely obscured by darkness. Shepherds peer through a hole in the stable wall. Right wing: The mounted retinue of kings, carrying three lances with pennants, in a landscape with a conduit in the foreground. They look upwards as if towards the Star of Bethlehem (not visible in the picture) while one of them kneels on the ground handling what appears to be a large portfolio. Left wing: Joseph kneels in the foreground gathering sticks and water, the Christ Child's bath tub beside him; behind him is a ruined palace, with a table, bench and fire visible through an arcade, and the half-length statue of a prophet above the central column. Pentimenti is visible along the left edge of the stable roof, in the circular tower of the palace, and in the form of a building in the landscape. Verso: When closed the wings display a central lozenge-shaped roundel with Christ before Pilate after the Flagellation. Christ, wearing a robe and crown of thorns, is seen half-length on the left, handled by the executioners, with Pilate opposite him surrounded by heads in turbans and helmets; two of these seem to correspond with figures in the doorway of the stable in the centre panel. The surrounding areas are painted in grisaille and show a scene with demons flying in the air and a procession of fantastical figures, some mounted, hurrying along the ground to the left, where a gallows beset with demons is erected beside a cylindrical building. Infrared reflectography revealed that a pair of donor figures were at the rear of the verso before being painted over. Earlier versions of the Adoration of the Magi by Hieronymus Bosch are at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (acc.no. 13.26) and the Philadelphia Museum of Art (acc.no. 1321). The central panel of the present picture is a variant of that contained within the triptych at the Prado, Madrid (acc.no. P002048). There are several other copies of the centrepiece, including: Philadelphia Museum of Art (acc.no. 354) and Petworth House (NT 486154); see Friedländer 1969, vol.V, p. 82, no. 68 and de Tolnay 1937, p.99, no.31.

Provenance

Henry Danby Seymour, 1854; by descent in the family; Miss Seymour sale, Knight Frank & Rutley, 17 January 1936, lot 324: bought by Robert Langton Douglas (1864 - 1951), from whom acquired by Lord Bearsted in September 1936, for £5,250; given with Upton House to the National Trust by Walter Samuel, 2nd Viscount Bearsted (1882 – 1948), in 1948, shortly before his death.

Credit line

Upton House, The Bearsted Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

attributed to Hieronymus Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant c. 1450 - 's-Hertogenbosch 1516), artist

Exhibition history

Adoration, Het Noordbrabants Museum, 2018 - 2019 New Light on Old Masters, Squash Court Gallery, 2013 The Bearsted Collection, Whitechapel Gallery, London, 1955, no.75

References

Waagen 1854-7: Gustav Waagen, Treasures of Art in Great Britain, 3 vols. (translated by Lady Eastlake) with a supplementary volume: Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain, London, 1854-7, vol. II, p.243 Lafond 1914: Paul Lafond, Hieronymus Bosch: Son Art, Son Influence, Ses Disciples, Bruxelles et Paris, 1914, pp. 39, 111 Friedländer 1937: Max J. Friedländer, Die altniederländische malerei, 14 vols., Berlin and Leiden, 1924-37; trans. Early Netherlandish Painting, New York, 1967-76, vol. XIV, pp.99-100, no.68 Tolnay 1937: Charles de Tolnay, Hieronymus Bosch, Basel 1937, Appendix of Plates, nos. 27-28 Philip 1953: Lotte Brand Philip, The Prado Epiphany by Jerome Bosch, The Art Bulletin, vol. 35, no. 4 (Dec 1953), pp. 267-293 Sutton 1979: Denys Sutton, 'Robert Langton Douglas: Connoisseur of Art and Life', Apollo, June 1979, p. X, (separatum, p.212) & fig. 45, p. X (p.216) Ilsink, Koldewij, Spronk 2018: Matthijs Ilsink, Jos Koldeweij, Ron Spronk (eds.), From Bosch's Stable: Hieronymus Bosch and the Adoration of the Magi (exh. cat.), 's-Hertogenbosch, 2018, cat. 20, fig. 16

View more details