Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,459 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,034 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,509 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,648 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,620 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,019 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,728 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,180 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,323 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,089 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 821 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,091 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,825 items Explore
  • 1,529 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,585 items Explore
  • 9,689 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,055 items Explore
  • 6,105 items Explore
  • 4,057 items Explore
  • 1,514 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,362 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 335 items Explore
  • 794 items Explore
  • 1,083 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,949 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,940 items Explore
  • 1,514 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,437 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 3 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,420 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,391 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,027 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,295 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 8,051 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,461 items Explore
  • 915 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,025 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,338 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 752 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,431 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,023 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,967 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,319 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,707 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,509 items Explore
  • 13,455 items Explore
  • 2,715 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,291 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,335 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,120 items Explore
  • 3,311 items Explore
  • 2,133 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 41,038 items Explore
  • 639 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,309 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 199 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,115 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,548 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,659 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,913 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 83 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,301 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 22,699 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,985 items Explore
  • 3,567 items Explore
  • 2,647 items Explore
  • 4,767 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,897 items Explore
  • 4,789 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,303 items Explore
  • 2,605 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 443 items Explore
  • 5,873 items Explore
  • 8,841 items Explore
  • 1,851 items Explore
  • 5,760 items Explore
  • 3,340 items Explore
  • 10,576 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,600 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,297 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,600 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,410 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,715 items Explore
  • 1,190 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,568 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,926 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,949 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,571 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 16,314 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,588 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,385 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 438 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 3 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,395 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 24,159 items Explore
  • 7,292 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,640 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 9 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,711 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,624 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,384 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,146 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 248 items Explore
  • 71,270 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,847 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 3,457 items Explore
  • 1,312 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,955 items Explore
  • 5,509 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 336 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 31 items
  • 10,730 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 16,518 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 263 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Four Times of Day: Night

William Hogarth (London 1697 - London 1764)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1736

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

737 x 610 mm (29 x 24 in)

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Upton House, Warwickshire (Accredited Museum)

NT 446681

Caption

This picture is part of a set of four, entitled ‘The Four Times of Day’. ‘Morning’ is also at Upton House. The pictures were intended as the models for engravings. This moonlit scene is set in a narrow lane leading from Whitehall to Charing Cross. The equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur can be seen in the distance. Bonfires have been lit in celebration of Restoration Day, or Oak Apple Day (29th May), which marked the Restoration of the Stuart dynasty by Charles II, who claimed the throne in 1660. There is a prevailing sense of disorder: the Salisbury Flying Coach has been upturned, a pistol is fired, a drunken Freemason is escorted home, a man is shaved in the middle of the night, and a chamber-pot is emptied out of the window.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, The Four Times of Day: Night, by William Hogarth (London 1697 - London 1764), 1736. A moonlight scene in a narrow lane leading from Whitehall to Charing Cross, with the Rummer Tavern ('The New Bagnio') (a brothel) on one side, the Cardigan's Head on the other (both served as Masonic lodges) and at the end of the street the Golden Cross Inn and the equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur in the distance. Bonfires have been lit in celebration of Restoration Day/Oak-Apple Day, 29 May, Charles II's birthday and his escape on 3 September 1651. The Salisbury Flying Coach has been upturned. Left, two men, one of whom fires off a pistol, stand watching the efforts of the passengers to extricate themselves. In the foreground towards the right a Freemason - by tradition representing Sir Thomas de Veil (d. 1747) - is supported home; further to the right the interior of a barber-surgeon's shop is seen through a window and man is being shaved in the middle of the night; above a chamber-pot is being emptied out of the window; figures are huddled asleep beneath the sill, and in the background a man is watering down a vat of beer. The oak leaves decorating the barber-surgeon's striped pole on the façade on the right, indicate that the date is 29 May or 'Oak-Apple Day', which marked the restoration of the Stuart dynasty by Charles II, who claimed the throne in 1660.

Provenance

The artist's sale, his house, Leicester Fields, 28 Feb 1744/5, sold, for 26 gns (Night) and 20 gns (Morning), to Sir William Heathcote,1st Bt (1693 –1751); thence by descent (included in an illustrated MS inventory of the pictures of Hursley Park, Hants, of 1843, in Depatment of Special Collections, Getty Center, Malibu) as nos. 11 and 12 in the South Drawing Room, with a note that they featured in a Catalogue of Pictures in the Heathcote house in St James's Square of 1748; Heathcote Heirlooms sale, Christie's, 27 May 1938, lot 29; bought by Sir Alec Martin (1884-1971) on behalf of Viscount Bearsted for 2.400 gns (outbidding the Earl of Lancaster, who had commendably wished to re-unite the set) [Noon and Evening are still at Grimsthorpe Castle, Lincolnshire, present owner: Lady Nancy Jane Marie Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby PC (b. 1934), daughter of the 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1907-1983)]; given with Upton House to the National Trust by Walter Samuel, 2nd Viscount Bearsted (1882 – 1948), in 1948, shortly before his death

Credit line

Upton House, The Bearsted Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

William Hogarth (London 1697 - London 1764), artist

Exhibition history

Hogarth: Place and Progress, Sir John Soane's Museum, London , 2019 - 2020 Hogarth, Musée du Louvre, Paris , 2006 - 2007, no.67 Hogarth, Tate Britain, London, 2006 - 2007, no.67 Hogarth, CaixaForum Museum, Madrid, 2006 - 2007, no.67 In Trust for the Nation, National Gallery, London, 1995 - 1996, no.19b

References

Nichols 1781, 1782, 1785 John Nichols, Biographical Anecdotes of William Hogarth and a Catalogue of his Works, 1781, rev. 1782, rev. 1785, 1781, pp. 99-100; 1782, pp 208-11; 1785, pp.248-51 Paulson 1965, 1970, 1989 Ronald Paulson, Hogarth's Graphic Works, New Haven, 1965, 2 vols; rev. 1970, rev. 1989, 1965 i. pp.178-9, 181-2; 1970 i. pp. 178-9, 181-2 pp. 103-5 Paulson 1971 Ronald Paulson, Hogarth: His Life, Art and Times, New Haven, 1971, 2 vols., i, pp. 394-404, col. pl. 151a Shesgreen 1983 Sean Shesgreen, Hogarth and the Times of Day Tradition, Ithaca, 1983 Paulson, 1991, 1992 Ronald Paulson, Hogarth, New Brunswick, i, 1991; ii, 1992, ii, pp.127-51, pp.149-50, pp.411-14 nn. 1-27 Hogarth http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Times_of_the_Day, webpage

View more details