Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,029 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,413 items Explore
  • 4,913 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 9,431 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,184 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,810 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,281 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 16,943 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 896 items Explore
  • 832 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,967 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,351 items Explore
  • 1,508 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,650 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,732 items Explore
  • 5,425 items Explore
  • 4,035 items Explore
  • 943 items Explore
  • 911 items Explore
  • 3,090 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,249 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 807 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,129 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,311 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,456 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 955 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 820 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 279 items Explore
  • 2,344 items
  • 2,503 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,685 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 197 items Explore
  • 7,417 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 720 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,206 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,209 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,999 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 82 items
  • 446 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 699 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 5,001 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,276 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,812 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,246 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,732 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,980 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,312 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,568 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,977 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 34,973 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,270 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,565 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,825 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 882 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,058 items Explore
  • 1,109 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,871 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,563 items Explore
  • 20,597 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1,188 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 1 items
  • 10,013 items Explore
  • 3,527 items Explore
  • 2,608 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,345 items Explore
  • 4,029 items Explore
  • 458 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,886 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,280 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,403 items Explore
  • 8,932 items Explore
  • 1,827 items Explore
  • 3,559 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,825 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,525 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,888 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 458 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 29 items
  • 3,563 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 43 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,989 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,017 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,990 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,007 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,327 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,540 items Explore
  • 15,849 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,410 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,911 items Explore
  • 244 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,511 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,590 items Explore
  • 6,605 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 557 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 2 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,257 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,305 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,214 items Explore
  • 718 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 58,489 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,596 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,110 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,332 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 329 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,400 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,294 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 893 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Four Times of Day: Night

William Hogarth (London 1697 - London 1764)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1736

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

737 x 610 mm (29 x 24 in)

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Upton House, Warwickshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Upton House, Midlands, National Trust

NT 446681

Caption

This picture is part of a set of four, entitled ‘The Four Times of Day’. ‘Morning’ is also at Upton House. The pictures were intended as the models for engravings. This moonlit scene is set in a narrow lane leading from Whitehall to Charing Cross. The equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur can be seen in the distance. Bonfires have been lit in celebration of Restoration Day, or Oak Apple Day (29th May), which marked the Restoration of the Stuart dynasty by Charles II, who claimed the throne in 1660. There is a prevailing sense of disorder: the Salisbury Flying Coach has been upturned, a pistol is fired, a drunken Freemason is escorted home, a man is shaved in the middle of the night, and a chamber-pot is emptied out of the window.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, The Four Times of Day: Night, by William Hogarth (London 1697 - London 1764), 1736. A moonlight scene in a narrow lane leading from Whitehall to Charing Cross, with the Rummer Tavern ('The New Bagnio') (a brothel) on one side, the Cardigan's Head on the other (both served as Masonic lodges) and at the end of the street the Golden Cross Inn and the equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur in the distance. Bonfires have been lit in celebration of Restoration Day/Oak-Apple Day, 29 May, Charles II's birthday and his escape on 3 September 1651. The Salisbury Flying Coach has been upturned. Left, two men, one of whom fires off a pistol, stand watching the efforts of the passengers to extricate themselves. In the foreground towards the right a Freemason - by tradition representing Sir Thomas de Veil (d. 1747) - is supported home; further to the right the interior of a barber-surgeon's shop is seen through a window and man is being shaved in the middle of the night; above a chamber-pot is being emptied out of the window; figures are huddled asleep beneath the sill, and in the background a man is watering down a vat of beer. The oak leaves decorating the barber-surgeon's striped pole on the façade on the right, indicate that the date is 29 May or 'Oak-Apple Day', which marked the restoration of the Stuart dynasty by Charles II, who claimed the throne in 1660.

Provenance

The artist's sale, his house, Leicester Fields, 28 Feb 1744/5, sold, for 26 gns (Night) and 20 gns (Morning), to Sir William Heathcote,1st Bt (1693 –1751); thence by descent (included in an illustrated MS inventory of the pictures of Hursley Park, Hants, of 1843, in Depatment of Special Collections, Getty Center, Malibu) as nos. 11 and 12 in the South Drawing Room, with a note that they featured in a Catalogue of Pictures in the Heathcote house in St James's Square of 1748; Heathcote Heirlooms sale, Christie's, 27 May 1938, lot 29; bought by Sir Alec Martin (1884-1971) on behalf of Viscount Bearsted for 2.400 gns (outbidding the Earl of Lancaster, who had commendably wished to re-unite the set) [Noon and Evening are still at Grimsthorpe Castle, Lincolnshire, present owner: Lady Nancy Jane Marie Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby PC (b. 1934), daughter of the 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1907-1983)]; given with Upton House to the National Trust by Walter Samuel, 2nd Viscount Bearsted (1882 – 1948), in 1948, shortly before his death

Credit line

Upton House, The Bearsted Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

William Hogarth (London 1697 - London 1764), artist

Exhibition history

Hogarth, Sir John Soane's Museum, London , 2019 - 2020 Hogarth, Musée du Louvre, Paris , 2006 - 2007, no.67 Hogarth, Tate Britain, London, 2006 - 2007, no.67 Hogarth, CaixaForum Museum, Madrid, 2006 - 2007, no.67 In Trust for the Nation, National Gallery, London, 1995 - 1996, no.19b

References

Nichols 1781, 1782, 1785 John Nichols, Biographical Anecdotes of William Hogarth and a Catalogue of his Works, 1781, rev. 1782, rev. 1785, 1781, pp. 99-100; 1782, pp 208-11; 1785, pp.248-51 Paulson 1965, 1970, 1989 Ronald Paulson, Hogarth's Graphic Works, New Haven, 1965, 2 vols; rev. 1970, rev. 1989, 1965 i. pp.178-9, 181-2; 1970 i. pp. 178-9, 181-2 pp. 103-5 Paulson 1971 Ronald Paulson, Hogarth: His Life, Art and Times, New Haven, 1971, 2 vols., i, pp. 394-404, col. pl. 151a Shesgreen 1983 Sean Shesgreen, Hogarth and the Times of Day Tradition, Ithaca, 1983 Paulson, 1991, 1992 Ronald Paulson, Hogarth, New Brunswick, i, 1991; ii, 1992, ii, pp.127-51, pp.149-50, pp.411-14 nn. 1-27 Hogarth http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Times_of_the_Day, webpage

View more details