Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,459 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,034 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,509 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,648 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,619 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,019 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,727 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,180 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,323 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,091 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 821 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,218 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,827 items Explore
  • 1,529 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,670 items Explore
  • 9,689 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,054 items Explore
  • 6,105 items Explore
  • 4,057 items Explore
  • 1,514 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,363 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 335 items Explore
  • 794 items Explore
  • 1,115 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,918 items Explore
  • 1,515 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,437 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 3 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,420 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,391 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,027 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,295 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,051 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,473 items Explore
  • 915 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,026 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,338 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 752 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,429 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,023 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,967 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,319 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,707 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 991 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,199 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,510 items Explore
  • 13,453 items Explore
  • 2,715 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,291 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,335 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,117 items Explore
  • 3,311 items Explore
  • 2,135 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 41,059 items Explore
  • 639 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,310 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 197 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,115 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,548 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,913 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 83 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,301 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 22,699 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,021 items Explore
  • 3,567 items Explore
  • 2,647 items Explore
  • 4,767 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,897 items Explore
  • 4,793 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,303 items Explore
  • 2,604 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,863 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 443 items Explore
  • 5,884 items Explore
  • 8,841 items Explore
  • 1,852 items Explore
  • 5,760 items Explore
  • 3,340 items Explore
  • 11,069 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,297 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,600 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,410 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,708 items Explore
  • 1,190 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,565 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,926 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,949 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,563 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 16,315 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,791 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,385 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 399 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 3 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,395 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 24,161 items Explore
  • 7,349 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,632 items Explore
  • 340 items
  • 8 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,711 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,624 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,376 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,146 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 247 items Explore
  • 71,511 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,847 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 1,837 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,969 items Explore
  • 5,508 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 336 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 31 items
  • 10,730 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 16,785 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

William Pitt the Younger

Joseph Nollekens, RA (London 1737 – London 1823)

Category

Art / Sculpture

Date

1810 (signed and dated)

Materials

Carrara marble on marble socle

Measurements

700 x 420 x 210 mm

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Belton House, Lincolnshire (Accredited Museum)

NT 436765

Summary

Carrara marble on turned marble socle, The Right Hon. William Pitt the Younger MP (1759-1806), Joseph Nollekens, RA (1737–1823), signed and dated ‘Nollekens Ft 1810’. A portrait bust of William Pitt, head turned to proper right, wearing a cloak draped over over proper right shoulder.

Full description

William Pitt the Younger was Tory prime minister of Great Britain during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He is remembered for being Britain’s youngest prime minister, gaining tenure in 1783 at the age of 24. He held the post for a second time from 1804 to his death in 1806. Nollekens’ well-known bust is derived from Pitt’s death mask, cast by the sculptor himself on the prime minister’s deathbed, and also from a portrait by John Hoppner (see copy at National Portrait Gallery, London, NPG 697). Nollekens was obliged to use secondary sources for the bust because Pitt never granted the sculptor a sitting. Allegedly he had been so outraged by Nollekens’ direct petition to the King for an inscription to finish his Three Captains monument at Westminster Abbey (the sculptor had been waiting fourteen years) that Pitt vowed never to sit for him or to recommend him (Smith 1829, I, p.370). Within a year of the prime minister's death, however, Nollekens had taken 52 orders for marble busts of Pitt (Farington, VIII, pp.3059-60), which eventually rose to 74 orders, each priced at 120 guineas (Smith 1829, II, p.43). There are several versions in museums worldwide, including those at the Royal Collection (RCIN 35429), the Victoria and Albert Museum (A.11-1925), and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (1974.209). A letter from Nollekens to John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow (1779-1853) records that the Belton version was sent from London ‘by the Grantham Waggon’ to Belton on 8 August, 1810 (Brownlow Papers, Lincolnshire Archives, BNLW 2/2/3/4). The Annual Account for 1810 shows that it was paid for along with Nollekens’ ‘Bust of the Late Lord Brownlow’ (NT 436762). In the same year Cust also ordered a portrait bust of himself (NT 436768). Nollekens sold 600 casts of the Pitt bust, at 6 guineas each. They were often marketed alongside copies of his 1801 bust of Charles James Fox (1749-1806), Pitt’s Whig rival: the two becoming ‘stock pieces’ in his repertoire (see, for example, the pair at Ickworth: NT 852213.1 and NT 852214.1). The bust's success went on to win Nollekens a high-profile commission for a statue of Pitt erected in 1812 at the Senate House, Cambridge, for which the sculptor was paid 3000 guineas (Williams 1831, I, p 280). In the years to come Nollekens’ bust was often drawn on for likenesses of Pitt, from Sir Thomas Lawrence’s celebrated portrait (Royal Collection Trust, RCIN 400645) to commemorative medals and cameos. Alice Rylance-Watson October 2018

Provenance

Acquired 1810 by John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow (1779-1853); purchased with a grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund (NHMF) from Edward John Peregrine Cust, 7th Baron Brownlow, C. St J. (b.1936) in 1984.

Credit line

Belton House, The Brownlow Collection (acquired with the help of the National Heritage Memorial Fund by the National Trust in 1994)

Marks and inscriptions

Truncation, rear: Nollekens Ft 1810

Makers and roles

Joseph Nollekens, RA (London 1737 – London 1823), sculptor

References

Smith 1829: John Thomas Smith, Nollekens and His Times[...], Second Edition, In Two Volumes, London 1829, vol.I, p.370, vol.II, p.43 Farington 1922-8: James Greig (ed.), Joseph Farington, The Farington Diary by Joseph Farington, R.A., London [1922-28], vol.VIII, pp.3059-60 Williams 1831, D.E. Williams, The Life and Correspondence of Sir Thomas Lawrence Kt [...], In Two Volumes, London 1831, vol.I, p.280

View more details