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Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

Sir Henry Cheere (London 1703 - London 1781)

Category

Art / Sculpture

Date

1746 - 1747

Materials

Lead and marble

Measurements

650 x 500 mm

Place of origin

London

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Collection

Belton House, Lincolnshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Belton House, Lincolnshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 435382

Summary

Lead on marble socle, Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, Sir Henry Cheere, 1746-7. Bust of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, with head to the left and hair to his shoulders, wearing military uniform with Garter badge on left breast. On square spreading marble socle inscribed ‘Republica Servata MDCCXLVI’.

Full description

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-65) was the youngest son of George II (1783-1760). He is best remembered for suppressing The Jacobite Rebellion, an attempt by the Stuarts of Scotland to regain the British throne. The Rebellion culminated in the Battle of Culloden, 1746, with a British victory against the Highlanders. Prince William, otherwise known as ‘Butcher Cumberland’ by his Tory opponents or ‘Sweet William’ by his Whig supporters, is depicted in this bust by the British sculptor Sir Henry Cheere (1703-81). The inscription on the base, ‘REPUBLICA SERVATA MDCCXLVI’ records the date of Cumberland’s victory ‘in the service of the republic’. The bust was made for Viscount Tyrconnel (1690-1754) and delivered to Belton in 1747 where it was displayed in the Marble Hall, according to the 1754 Tyrconnel Inventory. A letter from Cust to Tyrconnel dated 7 November 1747 reveals that Cheere demanded an extra six shillings for the bust: ‘I was at Cheer’s the Statuary this morning who tells me that he sent the Duke’s Bust to your Lordship by this weeks carrier. I have therefore paid him the nine guineas but he made an extraordinary demand of six shillings for the packing case which I woud fain have had him remit but cou’d not prevail’. (Records of the Cust Family, p.207) This extra charge, however, did not sour relations as Cheere was commissioned to sculpt the memorial to Tyrconnel’s nephew William Cust at St Wulfram’s Church, Grantham, as well as a funerary monument to the Viscount in Belton Church. An identical bust of Cumberland by Cheere, dated 1746-7, is in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London (inventory number A.12-1947). There is also a reduced lead version, attributed to the workshop of the Cheere brothers and exhibited at Trinity Fine Arts 31 May-20 June 1990 (no.19). The reduced version stands at 215 mm as opposed to the 650-660 mm of the Belton and V&A busts. It has been pointed out that Henry’s brother John Cheere may have collaborated on the large busts of Cumberland as well as the 1770 equestrian statue of the Duke in Cavendish Square. Alice Rylance-Watson September 2018

Provenance

Acquired by John Brownlow, 1st Viscount Tyrconnel (1690-1754) in 1747; listed in the Tyrconnel Inventory of 1754; purchased with a grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund (NHMF) from Edward John Peregrine Cust, 7th Baron Brownlow, C. St J. (b.1936) in 1984.

Credit line

Belton House, The Brownlow Collection (acquired with the help of the National Heritage Memorial Fund by the National Trust in 1994)

Marks and inscriptions

Front of socle: REPUBLICA SERVATA MDCCXLVI Proper right shoulder: Initials, heart with arrow

Makers and roles

Sir Henry Cheere (London 1703 - London 1781), sculptor

References

Bilbey and Trusted 2002: Diane Bilbey and Marjorie Trusted: British Sculpture 1470 to 2000, A concise catalogue of the collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum (London, 2002), no.86, p.64 Cust 1898: Elizabeth Caroline Bligh, Lady Cust, Records of the Cust Family, Series II, The Brownlows of Belton, 1550-1779, London 1909, p.207

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