Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,437 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,875 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 4,995 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,643 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,608 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,725 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,054 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,874 items Explore
  • 1,109 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,556 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,036 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,643 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,665 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,508 items Explore
  • 9,674 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,061 items Explore
  • 5,636 items Explore
  • 4,052 items Explore
  • 1,484 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,333 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,061 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,935 items Explore
  • 1,520 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,279 items Explore
  • 1,189 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 22 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 838 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,398 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,384 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 32,929 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,311 items Explore
  • 279 items Explore
  • 8,050 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 716 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,516 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,645 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,050 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 126 items
  • 2 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 852 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,266 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,267 items Explore
  • 16 items
  • 6,270 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,321 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,726 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,370 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,153 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,477 items Explore
  • 13,463 items Explore
  • 2,720 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,290 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 2,119 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 38,988 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,278 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 131 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,506 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,531 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 697 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,652 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,921 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,320 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,375 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,549 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,624 items Explore
  • 4,752 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,313 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,932 items Explore
  • 52 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,873 items Explore
  • 8,880 items Explore
  • 1,850 items Explore
  • 5,454 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,250 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,600 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,404 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,698 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,201 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,545 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,981 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,760 items Explore
  • 1,386 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,573 items Explore
  • 16,106 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,040 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,346 items Explore
  • 394 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,334 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,639 items Explore
  • 7,224 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 2,459 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 4 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,422 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,531 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,160 items Explore
  • 2,225 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 246 items Explore
  • 70,588 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,976 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 193 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,885 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,177 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,411 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,707 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,031 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Jug

Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory (established 1756)

Category

Ceramics

Date

circa 1790 - circa 1791

Materials

Hard-paste porcelain, iron and cobalt blue oxide, gold, platinum

Measurements

320 mm (Height)

Place of origin

Sèvres

Order this image

Collection

Belton House, Lincolnshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Red Drawing Room, Belton House, Lincolnshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 433527

Summary

A Sèvres porcelain jug (buire a fleurs Duplessis uni), the black ground (fond noir) painted with Pillement chinoiseries in two-toned gold and platinum, made at Sèvres, France, c.1790–1.

Full description

In 1783, Marie Antoinette revived the taste for oriental lacquer when she commissioned a lacquer-themed room at Versailles, furnished with seventeenth-century Japanese lacquer and neoclassical furniture by Adam Weisweiler mounted with the same.[i] In 1791, during the social and political upheaval of the Revolution, the Sèvres manufactory produced a lacquer-themed table service with colourful painted flowers, described as ‘black background, Chinese themed, in coloured gold and platinum’, for Charles-Louis Huguet de Sémonville (1759–1839), Louis XIV’s Envoy-Extraordinary to Genoa.[ii] Porcelain in this rich taste was a technical triumph and between 1790 and 1805 several services were made. Rarer still were ornamental vessels, such as this jug and six vases at Belton House, Lincolnshire (see also NT 433511-3).[iii] Elegant in form, the seven vessels have unctuous grounds in a blue-black pigment produced from iron and cobalt. It is applied in thick layers in a technique developed at Sèvres for the new hard-paste body in the early 1780s.[iv] The colour imitated rare Chinese black-grounds (wujin) on porcelain, identified as ‘mirror black’ in the letters of Père François-Xavier d’Entrecolles (1664–1741), a French Jesuit who lived in China, and studied ceramic production.[v] By happy coincidence, at Belton there are two pairs of mirror black vases, of about 1710–25, which have been in the house since at least 1754: one has gold decoration and the other silver, which has tarnished (see NT 433347).[vi] Around 1789–90, Sèvres gilders began to use platinum in place of silver when its commercial application became possible following chemists’ discovery that arsenic could be used as a flux. Platinum was combined with two tones of gold – yellow and copper red – and the matte and burnished surfaces were then chased with fine details. The playful chinoiseries on this jug were inspired by the designs of Jean-Baptiste Pillement (1728–1808), including Recueil des tentes Chinoises (Paris, 1770), but other motifs, such as the pagodas, were based on Japanese lacquer.[vii] The ornamental jug, usually found in pairs, has the painter’s mark of Louis-Antoine Le Grand (active 1776–1824), who specialised in gold chinoiseries.[viii] The other vessels at Belton include a pair of hexagonal double-gourd bottles (NT 433513); a pair of pot-pourri vases with Egyptian lion’s head handles missing their covers (NT 433512); and two pear-shape vases, which, based on their ornament, are not a pair (NT 433511).[ix] In addition, an unidentified pair of similarly decorated vases on square ormolu plinths was sold by the Brownlow family in 1929.[x] From the evidence of factory drawings of objects in his collection, the nine pieces were probably ordered by Antoine VII, duc de Gramont (1722–1801), a collector of Asian ceramics, between 1787 and 1790. Eleven similar vessels were apparently ordered by him in 1790. However, twelve pieces, matching those at Belton, were included in a sale in Paris on 18 April 1803 (lot 339), held on behalf of the Mont de piété, institutional pawnbrokers. The date coincided with the Peace of Amiens, when the city was awash with English tourists, including John Cust (1779–1853), later 1st Earl Brownlow, who was on his Grand Tour and may have purchased the lot. Alternatively, a cousin, Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (1756–1829), who was living in Paris at the hôtel Egerton, rue St Honoré, may have been the buyer. Known for his eccentricities, he famously dressed his dogs for dinner. On his death, his collection was shipped from France to his family seat, Ashridge Park, Hertfordshire. The house later passed by inheritance to the Brownlow family, who sold it in the 1920s. Notes [i] Monika Kopplin, Japanische Lacke: die Sammlung der Königin Marie-Antoinette (Munich, 2001). [ii] In the original source, ‘Fond noir, Chinois en or de couleurs et platine’. [iii] Christie’s, London, 14–15 December 2015, lot 167. [iv] Antoine d’Albis, ‘Hard-paste porcelain from Sèvres with Chinoiserie Decoration in Coloured Gold and Platinum’, The Metropolitan Museum Journal, 37 (2002), pp. 267–76; Adrian Sassoon, The J. Paul Getty Museum Catalogue of the Collections: Vincennes and Sèvres Porcelain (Malibu, CA, 1991), pp. 152–4; Dawson 1994, p. 214. [v] Chinese potters added manganese oxide to their pigment: see Ströber 2005, p. 33. [vi] NT 433347.1–2 and NT 433438.1–2; and LA, Brownlow Papers, BNLW 2/2/7/7. [vii] Plate 6 was used for the jug: see Schwartz 2003, cat. no. 101. [viii] The jug was described at Sèvres as ‘buire a fleurs Duplessis uni’: see De Bellaigue 2009, vol. 1, p. 29; and for a set of different form: Marie Noëlle Pinot de Villechenon, Sèvres: Porcelain from the Sèvres Museum, 1740 to the Present Day, translated by John Gilbert (London, 1997), p. 43. [ix] NT 433513, 433512 and 433511.1–2; and for the pair to NT 433511.2, see Christie’s, Paris, 17 November 2011, lot 110. The hexagonal double gourd bottles are identified in factory drawings as ‘Bouteille octogonne du duc de Gramonts 1787’ and ‘Vase Grammont bouteille à pans’; the pot-pourri vases are ‘Vase pot pourri à têtes de lions’; and the pear-shaped vases, ‘Grammont Ovale’. Gramont was evidently also spelt ‘Grammont’ by the factory’s employees. [x] Christie’s, London, 14 March 1929, lots 64. The vases were 26.7 cm (10 ½ in.) high. All nine pieces were included in the sale at Christie’s (see lots 60–3). Catalogue entry adapted from Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016.

Provenance

Acquired by purchase from Lord Brownlow with grants from the National Heritage Memorial Fund in January 1984.

Credit line

The Brownlow Collection National Trust Collections

Marks and inscriptions

Interlaced doubled 'L', the factory mark, beneath a crown indicating a hard-paste porcelain, above a painter's mark, 'LG' in iron-red enamel

Makers and roles

Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory (established 1756), manufacturer

References

Ferguson 2016: Patricia F. Ferguson, Ceramics: 400 Years of British Collecting in 100 Masterpieces, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2016, p. 162-3.

View more details