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Louis-Pierre Quentin de Richebourg, Marquis de Champcenetz, fils (1754-1822)

Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1780 - circa 1785

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

680 x 550 mm

Place of origin

England

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Collection

Knole, Kent (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Knole, Kent, London and South East, National Trust

NT 2900174

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Louis-Pierre Quentin de Richebourg, Marquis de Champcenetz, fils (1754-1822) by Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727- London 1788), circa 1780. The sitter, son of Jean-Louis Quentin de Richebourg, Marquis de Champcenetz (1723-1813) and elder step-brother of Louis-Edmond (1760-1794) who was guillotined, was a French courtier and soldier. He fought in Long Island during the American War of Independence and was Governor of the Tuileries Palace at the time of the assault by Revolutionary forces on 10 August 1792, after which he fled to England.

Provenance

First recorded at Knole in the possession of John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset (1745-1799) and thence by descent (recorded in the Blue Room in 1793, in the Venetian Dressing Room from 1817, in the Crimson Drawing Room from 1864 and likely moved to the Music Room in the 1890s); sold by Major-General Sir Charles Sackville-West, 4th Lord Sackville (1870-1962), via Spink, London, and Jacques Seligmann and Co., New York, to the stockbroker and collector André de Coppet (1892-1953), New York, 1930; sold 1934 (?); Newhouse Galleries, New York; Mr and Mrs Kay Kimbell, Fort Worth, Texas; The Kimbell Art Foundation, Fort Worth; by whom sold at auction at Sotheby’s, London, July 12 1989 (lot 38) and purchased by A. Alfred Taubman (1924-2015); purchased by the National Trust at auction at Sotheby's, New York, 27 January 2016 (The Collection of A. Alfred Taubman: Old Masters, lot 61), with contributions from a fund set up by the late Hon. Simon Sainsbury, from the Winchelsea National Trust Centre and Association and from other gifts and bequests

Makers and roles

Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788), artist

References

John Chu, ‘Un aller-retour pour Knole: Thomas Gainsborough’s Portrait of Louis-Pierre, Marquies de Champcenetz’, National Trust Historic Houses & Collections Annual, 2016., pp. 53-59 Waterhouse 1953 E. K. Waterhouse 1953, "Preliminary Check List of Gainsborough Portraits", Walpole Society, XXXIII, 1953, p. 18 Phillips 1930, Charles J. Phillips, History of the Sackville family (earls and dukes of Dorset): together with a description of Knole, early owners of Knole and a catalogue raisonné of the pictures and drawings at Knole, London, 1930, vol. II, pp. 251, 436 Cortissoz 1930 Royal Cortissoz, 'An Absorbing Show at the Metropolitan', New York Herald Tribune, Sunday 12 October 1930 Sackville-West 1906 Lionel Sackville Sackville-West, Knole House, its state rooms, pictures and antiquities / Illustrated from original watercolour drawings by C. Essenhigh Corke, J. Salmon, 1906, p. 88 Mackie 1858 Samuel Joseph Mackie, Knole House, Its State Rooms, Pictures and Antiquities, 1858, p. 88, cat. no. 209 Ambulator : or, a Pocket Companion in a Tour Round London, within the Circuit of Twenty Five Miles, printed for Jane Bew, widow of the original proprietor, London, 1793, p. 304

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