Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,431 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,029 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,440 items Explore
  • 4,911 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,470 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,214 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,811 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,281 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 17,097 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 810 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 24,274 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 1,509 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,692 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,724 items Explore
  • 5,426 items Explore
  • 4,061 items Explore
  • 936 items Explore
  • 904 items Explore
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,274 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 725 items Explore
  • 770 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,263 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,313 items Explore
  • 70 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,492 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 761 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 822 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 2 items
  • 278 items Explore
  • 2,344 items
  • 2,503 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,686 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,067 items Explore
  • 235 items Explore
  • 7,524 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 719 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,300 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,485 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,001 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 82 items
  • 446 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 273 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 699 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 5,036 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,272 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,909 items Explore
  • 179 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,732 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,216 items Explore
  • 34 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,321 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,587 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 2,003 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 35,606 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,305 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,564 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,907 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 198 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,058 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,873 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,666 items Explore
  • 20,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,188 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 1 items
  • 10,074 items Explore
  • 3,532 items Explore
  • 2,612 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,350 items Explore
  • 4,029 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 2,024 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,274 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,403 items Explore
  • 8,945 items Explore
  • 1,827 items Explore
  • 3,580 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,827 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,525 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,943 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 455 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 29 items
  • 3,563 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 43 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,986 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,990 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2,006 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,350 items Explore
  • 1,346 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,538 items Explore
  • 15,851 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,947 items Explore
  • 245 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,628 items Explore
  • 6,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,429 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 3 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,356 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,214 items Explore
  • 718 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 58,933 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,595 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,150 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,564 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 627 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 329 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,469 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,294 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 896 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Double brougham

Cole and Son

Category

Carriages & other vehicles

Date

1890

Materials

Painted wood body with morocco leather upholstery and four rubber shod wheels.

Measurements

208.5 x 325 x 168cm (6ft 10in x 10ft 8in x 5ft 6 1/8in)

Place of origin

Kensington

Order this image

Collection

National Trust Carriage Museum (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Arlington Court and The National Trust Carriage Museum, Devon, South West, National Trust

NT 272905.1

Caption

The first brougham was commissioned in 1837 by Lord Brougham (1778-1868). He wanted “a refined and glorified street cab, which would make a convenient carriage for a gentleman…closed and intimate thus allowing the occupants to conduct a private conversation”. It was an instant success.

Summary

Double Brougham built by Cole and Son for Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Marwood Hext,circa 1890. Double Brougham (four wheels) for a single or pair of horses. A conventional but very good double Brougham with angular profile by little known builder, which proves that it was not only the great names in 19th century coach building who produced work of the highest quality. The coachman’s seat has a single seat rail. There is a fixed heel board in boot and a dropped footboard between the moulded brackets. The roof and upper panels are leather covered. The carriage has staples for a roof basket but the basket is missing. On the front rail is a hole for a communication cord. The front seat can be hinged up when it is not in use, and it is retained by a strap. This carriage is painted in the Hext family colours of chocolate and gold, and the superb interior trimming is in the same colours.

Full description

This brougham was built as a wedding present for Lieutenant-Colonel F.M.Hext of Redhayes, Pinhoe, near Exeter, in 1893 by W. Cole & Sons, Kensington, London, and used by him on his honeymoon on the Isle of Wight. Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Marwood Hext was the fourth surviving son of Thomas Hext of Tranarren, St Austell. He was born in 1860, was created Lieutenant-Colonel in 1888 and married Florence Petherwick on the 17th June 1893. He became High Sheriff of Devon in 1933 and died on the 21st December 1944. The first brougham was commissioned in 1837 by Henry Peter Brougham (1778-1868) first Baron Brougham and Vaux, Whig politician, lawyer and Minister of State. He wanted “a refined and glorified street cab, which would make a convenient carriage for a gentleman”, unlike his usual form of transport, probably a town coach or chariot, both far larger and heavier. He designed a carriage that would be light and compact, needing just one horse and a coachman – ideal for use on busy streets. The body would be low for easy access and should carry two people and be “closed and intimate thus allowing the occupants to conduct a private conversation whilst travelling”. His ideas were rejected by his usual coachbuilder so he took them to another, Robinson & Cook, just round the corner. They agreed to build the vehicle and it was called the Brougham by his Lordship’s express permission. Lord Brougham’s brainchild was an instant success and, within a few years, broughams were being built in vast numbers wherever carriages of Western European style were used. They were particularly popular with professional and middle class families, and became the everyday carriages of the wealthy and the aristocracy.

Marks and inscriptions

On front nearside axle cap.: COLE & SONS LONDON On front offside axle cap.: COLE & SONS LONDON On rear nearside axle cap.: COLE & SONS LONDON On rear offside axle cap.: COLE & SONS LONDON On back plates of glass string knobs.: W COLE & SONS KENSINGTON On back plates of glass string knobs.: royal crown On candle holder cap of nearside lamp.: BOTWOOD IPSWICH On the nearside front tyre.: THE IDEAL TYRE MADE IN AMERICA On nearside hind tyre.: “THE IDEAL TYRE” MFD. BY B.F. GOODRICH CO. AKRON. O. USA . On offside rear tyre.: “THE IDEAL TYRE” MFD. BY B.F. GOODRICH CO. AKRON. O. USA . On front nearside axle components: W.I.SHORTHOUSE On front offside axle components.: W.I.SHORTHOUSE On rear nearside axle components.: W.I.SHORTHOUSE On rear offside axle components.: W.I.SHORTHOUSE On front nearside axle components.: 60 On front offside axle components.: 60 On rear nearside axle components.: 60 On rear offside axle components.: 60

Makers and roles

Cole and Son, coachbuilder

View more details