Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,029 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,440 items Explore
  • 4,913 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,438 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,192 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,811 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,281 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 16,993 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 810 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 24,074 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,354 items Explore
  • 1,508 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,650 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,732 items Explore
  • 5,425 items Explore
  • 4,061 items Explore
  • 943 items Explore
  • 911 items Explore
  • 3,135 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,268 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 763 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,263 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,311 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,463 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 815 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 817 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 2 items
  • 278 items Explore
  • 2,344 items
  • 2,503 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,685 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 235 items Explore
  • 7,526 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 719 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,254 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,434 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,998 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 82 items
  • 446 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 699 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 5,000 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,276 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,839 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,732 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,982 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,312 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,564 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,978 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 35,284 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,287 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,564 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,907 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 846 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,058 items Explore
  • 1,217 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,873 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,654 items Explore
  • 20,680 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1,188 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 1 items
  • 10,009 items Explore
  • 3,527 items Explore
  • 2,612 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,345 items Explore
  • 4,029 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,887 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,272 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,403 items Explore
  • 8,945 items Explore
  • 1,827 items Explore
  • 3,578 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,826 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,525 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,921 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 455 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 29 items
  • 3,563 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 43 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,987 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,019 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,990 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,007 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,350 items Explore
  • 1,346 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,537 items Explore
  • 15,848 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,410 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,947 items Explore
  • 244 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,526 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,613 items Explore
  • 6,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 551 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,429 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 3 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,317 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,214 items Explore
  • 718 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 58,763 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,596 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,124 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,563 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 329 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,409 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,294 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 893 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Miss Frances Lyde Browne holding Music and a Wreath

Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (Lucca 1708 – Rome 1787)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1777 - 1778

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

756 x 629 mm (29 ¾ x 24 ¾ in)

Place of origin

Rome

Order this image

Collection

Basildon Park, Berkshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Basildon Park, West Berkshire, London and South East, National Trust

NT 267081

Caption

At its most edifying, the Grand Tour was seen as a means of shaping the creative, intellectual and cultural sensibilities of aspiring gentlemen. In its less refined moments, it was seen as an opportunity for rich young men to sow their wild oats whilst indiscriminately nabbing works of art. But where are women to be found in this quintessentially masculine portrayal? While it is true that the Grand Tourist was more often than not a young man, women made up a percentage, albeit a small one, of visitors who flocked to the continent. Certainly, the experience of Europe for women was different from that of men. While some intrepid women travelled on their own, most women who made the tour did so in the company of their husbands, and in some instances, their fathers. Such was the case of Miss Frances Lyde Browne, pictured here by Pompeo Girolamo Batoni, perhaps the most sought after portraitist in 18th-century Rome. We know that Frances visited Italy in 1776-7 with her father, Lyde Brown, the antiquarian and collector. Sadly, not much else is known about Frances, although we can surmise from Batoni’s portrait that she was musically inclined. Depicted in the guise of Saint Cecilia, the patron saint of music, Frances holds a music sheet and a laurel wreath, a symbol of distinction. Unlike Batoni’s ‘swagger’ portraits of young British men, where the pretence of conquest, connoisseurship and ostentation is of principal concern, Frances is portrayed in a preternatural state of calm. For women of Frances’s age, travel to Europe offered opportunities and experiences denied to them at home: personal and intellectual liberty, freedom from conventional ideals of femininity and domesticity or escape from the expectations of marriage. We can imagine that for Frances, Europe offered the opportunity to join an accelerated learning scheme in taste and manners that might otherwise be denied to her. We don’t know the details of her travelling, what she saw or who she met. She left no published work such as the illustrious Mary Wollstonecraft, or enjoyed the title of ‘Queen of the Bluestockings’ like Elizabeth Montagu, but she does belong to that rare group of ladies of the Grand Tour to be painted by Batoni.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Miss Frances Lyde Browne holding Music and a Wreath by Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (Lucca 1708 – Rome 1787), signed in black, bottom left: P. BATONI. P. ROMA. 177 [7?] and inscribed in gold, top left: Frances Browne / 1778. A half-length portrait of a young woman, seated to the left, head and eyes turned to the right, dressed in a light blue bodice with an orange mantle and wearing a turban. She holds sheets of music [decipherable?] on a pink cushion with a gold tassel with her left hand and holds up a laurel wreath over it with her right. She accompanied her father, the 18th-century antiquities collector, Lyde Browne (d. 1787), on his second visit to Rome between 1776 and 1778 where she sat to Batoni, the leading Roman portrait painter of the period. The financier, antiquarian, and collector, Lyde Browne, FSA (d. 1787), visited Italy with his wife in 1753 and with his family in 1776 – 77. On the second visit, he is recorded as arriving in Venice on 16th May 1776; by 18 December he was in Rome, where Thomas Jones waited on him and his family. There is no further record of him there, according to Brinsley Ford’s A Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy 1701 – 1800, ed. John Ingamells, New Haven & London, 1997, pp.141 – 42, so it seems likely that the picture was painted in 1777, despite the inscription identifying the sitter, with the date 1778 (although it is also always possible that the picture was not completed until that year). Portraits of female English sitters by Batoni are something of a rarity. The young woman presumably had aspirations to be recognised for the quality of her singing, in which she seems to have been indulged by her father, given that she alone appears to have been painted by Batoni, and in this guise. Mrs. James Alexander, by contrast, who was painted in 1777 in the same sort of turban holds a sprig of myrtle, a symbol of marital love or fidelity (see Clark & Bowron, 1985, no. 401).

Provenance

By descent in the family of the sitter’s brother (via Lyde Browne’s son), also Lyde Browne (?1759 – 1803), whose second son, by his wife Margaret Barwell, Colonel Lyde Browne, commander of the 21st Fusiliers (who was killed putting down Emmett’s Rebellion, 1803), married Dorothy Riou; their only daughter and heiress, Charlotte Riou Browne (d.1875), who in 1826 married Moses George Benson, J.P., D.L., of Lutwyche Hall, Shropshire (1797 – 1871); to the successive heads of the Benson family of Lutwyche Hall; to Ralph Benson (b. 1919), London, eldest son of Major George Reginald Benson (1888 - ?); his sale Christie’s, London, 17th November 1967, lot 108; bought by Thos. Agnew & Sons, London, from whom acquired by Langton Iliffe, 2nd Lord Iliffe (1908-1996) and his wife Renée, Lady Iliffe (1917-207); accepted in lieu of inheritance tax and allocated to the National Trust for display at Basildon Park, 2010.

Marks and inscriptions

Verso: on stretcher: old Agnew’s label, No. 33993, and more recent store label, with stock no.: WA 2915; small label with printed blue no.: 12528; small label, with ink no.: WO / 16068; Christie’s stencil: XL 697; in white chalk: XL 697 OMP and 3H Verso: on frame: small printed label: 3862; in white chalk: XL697

Makers and roles

Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (Lucca 1708 – Rome 1787), artist

References

Clark and Bowron 1985 Anthony M. Clark & Edgar Peters Bowron (ed.), Pompeo Batoni A Complete Catalogue of his Works with an Introductory Text, Oxford 1985, no.408, p.346 & pl.366

View more details