Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,514 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 38 items
  • 9,881 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,415 items Explore
  • 4,951 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 104 items Explore
  • 9,266 items Explore
  • 155 items Explore
  • 4,285 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,693 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,100 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,904 items Explore
  • 961 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,920 items Explore
  • 399 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 15,130 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 133 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 899 items Explore
  • 333 items
  • 833 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 22,286 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,310 items Explore
  • 1,465 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,647 items Explore
  • 8,888 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,736 items Explore
  • 5,362 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 857 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,474 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 313 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,570 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 309 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 783 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 902 items Explore
  • 986 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,175 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 22 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,853 items Explore
  • 1,290 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,710 items Explore
  • 1,092 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 56 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 962 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 526 items Explore
  • 1,665 items
  • 952 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,727 items Explore
  • 29,516 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,055 items Explore
  • 189 items Explore
  • 6,786 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 715 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 18,806 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 16,636 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,263 items Explore
  • 79 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 19 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 112 items
  • 272 items
  • 760 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,372 items Explore
  • 689 items Explore
  • 5,846 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,903 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,125 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,298 items Explore
  • 9,172 items Explore
  • 6,302 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 846 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,503 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 194 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 1 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,184 items Explore
  • 12,125 items Explore
  • 2,699 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 7,391 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,404 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,870 items Explore
  • 3,286 items Explore
  • 1,645 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 27,629 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 20,958 items Explore
  • 233 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 30 items
  • 816 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,770 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,808 items Explore
  • 854 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 1 items
  • 186 items
  • 592 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,080 items Explore
  • 781 items Explore
  • 1,830 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 30 items
  • 633 items Explore
  • 3,003 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 5,742 items Explore
  • 16,847 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 169 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,781 items Explore
  • 3,484 items Explore
  • 2,619 items Explore
  • 4,670 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,833 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 461 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,754 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,273 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 366 items Explore
  • 5,753 items Explore
  • 8,666 items Explore
  • 1,827 items Explore
  • 2,150 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 7,445 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,490 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,264 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 466 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,570 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,224 items Explore
  • 45 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,902 items Explore
  • 1,306 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,816 items Explore
  • 768 items Explore
  • 1,977 items
  • 4,612 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,335 items Explore
  • 1,335 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,553 items Explore
  • 15,788 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,407 items Explore
  • 7,525 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,541 items Explore
  • 251 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 117 items Explore
  • 7,271 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,587 items Explore
  • 6,600 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 22 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 279 items
  • 161 items Explore
  • 10,840 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,253 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,213 items Explore
  • 1,730 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,079 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 55,923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,627 items Explore
  • 2,639 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 3,230 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 10,502 items Explore
  • 5,341 items
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 411 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 463 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,080 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,191 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 544 items Explore
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 782 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

A Modern Picture Gallery

William Frederick Witherington, RA (London 1785 - London 1865)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1824 (signed and dated) - 1824 (exh at RA)

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

692 x 902 mm (27 ¼ x 35 ½ in)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Wimpole, Cambridgeshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, East of England, National Trust

NT 207839

Caption

This painting was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1824 soon after the doors of the newly-founded National Gallery had opened in Pall Mall. It is an imaginary view of a gallery interior promoting Britain’s native talent of living artists. Some of the pictures were owned by Sir John Fleming Leicester, 1st Bt (1762 – 1827) of Tabley House, Cheshire and Hill Street, Mayfair who had offered to sell his collection to the nation, although he was turned down. Many can be identified, notably John Opie’s Damon and Musidora and John Hoppner’s Sleeping Nymph on the left wall which are now at Petworth (NT). Sir James Willoughby Gordon, 1st Bt is depicted with his family. His daughter and wife were both artists, the latter having been a pupil of Turner.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, A Modern Picture Gallery by William Frederick Witherington, RA (London 1785 - London 1865), signed on the stretcher of picture at left W.F. Witherington.1824. Exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1824 and at the British Institution in Suffolk Street, a private exhibiting society with aim of encouraging native talent showing living artists alongside Old Masters in 1825. A picture gallery, with paintings hung from floor to ceiling, a bust of George IV over the mantelpiece, a young lady seated on the left, with short hair, wearing an Empire-line high-waisted dress with two rows of frills around the hemline, her left hand on her lap her right arm resting on the back of her chair holding a book in her right hand, an arch in the centre and three figures to right of arch, the woman who is seated in front of two men, is wearing an Empire-line high-waisted dress with puffed sleeves, a bonnet and a long shawl wrapped around her arms, the man standing behind her, slightly to her right, wears a high-crowned peaked cap, a long coat, waistcoat and stock he is pointing to the left with his right hand, the other younger man standing behind her chair is holding a piece of paper, there is a cat underneath her chair and another cat, with an arched back, to the right of her chair. In the left foreground is a globe on a stand, a tambourine and a lute lie on the ground, to the far right is a small organ, with sheet music on its stand. The setting is imaginary and includes paintings from several different collections. Apparently inspired by Panini's views of equally imaginary galleries, the composition carries the message, echoing both Sir George Beaumont, founder of the British Institution, and Sir John Leicester separate appeals to Lord Liverpool, PM at the time, for a national gallery of British Art, that contemporary painting could make every bit as fine a show in a picture gallery as Old Masters, and deserved support. Sir James Willoughby Gordon, 1st Bt (1772 – 1851) and his wife, Julia Isabella Levina Bennet (1772-1867), Turner's pupil, and son, Sir Henry Percy Gordon, 2nd Bt (1806 - 1876) and daughter, also an artist, Julia Emily Gordon (1810-1896) are shown. Some half of the thirty-odd visible pictures are identifiable, including (far left): Fuseli's Saturn surprised by Ithuriel (Angerstein's collection but now lost), Opie’s, Damon and Musidora (Sir John Leicester’s collection, Tabley House; now Petworth, NT 486144), Hoppner’s Sleeping Nymph and Cupid (Sir John Leicester’s collection, now Petworth, NT 486138), Gainsborough’s Harvest Wagon (now Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto); Turner’s 1807 Sun rising through Vapour (Sir John Leicester’s collection, now National Gallery) and (facing wall, left of arch): John Ward’s Fighting Horses; William Owen’s Girl at a Spring; Henry Howard, The Pleiades disappearing(Sir John Leicester owned a larger version); Mulready’s The Carpenter's Shop; Stothard’s Canterbury Pilgrims (Tate) and (over door): Thomas Lawrence's Kemble as Hamlet (George IV, now at Tate); Reynolds's The Infant Academy (3rd Viscount Palmerston’s collection, now Kenwood) and Richard Wilson's View on the Arno (Sir John Leicester’ s collection, now Southampton City Art Gallery). Through the arch just visible are William Hilton’s Rape of Europa (Sir John Leicester’s collection; now Petworth, NT486141; Romney’s Titania, Puck and the Changeling (Leicester’s collection); (on the right): Northcote’ s Burying the Princes in the Tower and on the easel: Wilkie’s A Highland Whisky Still (Gordon’s collection in 1819).

Provenance

General Sir James Willoughby Gordon, 1st Bt (1772-1851), 1825; with Leicester Galleries, London, 1941(13), from whence bought by Captain Bambridge (1892 - 1943); bequeathed by Elsie Kipling, Mrs George Bambridge (1896 - 1976), daughter of Rudyard Kipling, to the National Trust together with Wimpole Hall, all its contents and an estate of 3,000 acres

Credit line

Wimpole Hall, The Bambridge Collection (National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

W.F.Witherington.1824

Makers and roles

William Frederick Witherington, RA (London 1785 - London 1865), artist

References

Laing 1991 Alastair Laing, “Every picture tells a story,” Country Life, 21 March 1991: pp.110-13

View more details