Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,459 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,034 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,508 items Explore
  • 5,049 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,648 items Explore
  • 13,490 items Explore
  • 4,620 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,019 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,728 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,180 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,324 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,058 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 821 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,035 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,852 items Explore
  • 1,529 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,551 items Explore
  • 9,689 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,055 items Explore
  • 6,104 items Explore
  • 4,059 items Explore
  • 1,514 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,361 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 335 items Explore
  • 794 items Explore
  • 1,093 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 882 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,949 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,938 items Explore
  • 1,514 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,438 items Explore
  • 1,222 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 3 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,420 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,391 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,004 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,295 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 8,049 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,439 items Explore
  • 915 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,025 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,338 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 752 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,431 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,254 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,965 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,319 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,707 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,176 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,505 items Explore
  • 13,449 items Explore
  • 2,720 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,291 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,341 items Explore
  • 102 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,119 items Explore
  • 3,311 items Explore
  • 2,133 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 41,028 items Explore
  • 639 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,287 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 199 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,115 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,548 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,284 items Explore
  • 1,659 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,913 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 83 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,265 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 22,667 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,781 items Explore
  • 3,567 items Explore
  • 2,646 items Explore
  • 4,767 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,897 items Explore
  • 4,792 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,303 items Explore
  • 2,602 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,859 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 443 items Explore
  • 5,873 items Explore
  • 8,841 items Explore
  • 1,851 items Explore
  • 5,755 items Explore
  • 3,340 items Explore
  • 10,574 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,600 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,297 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,600 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,410 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,715 items Explore
  • 1,191 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,568 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,926 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,949 items Explore
  • 1,412 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,566 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 16,313 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,583 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,385 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 437 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 3 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,395 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 24,159 items Explore
  • 7,292 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,510 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 9 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,711 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,624 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,368 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,146 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 248 items Explore
  • 71,260 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,847 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,390 items Explore
  • 1,257 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,949 items Explore
  • 5,549 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 336 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 31 items
  • 10,730 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 16,464 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,031 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 263 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

'Gothic Tower at Wimple' [Cambridgeshire]

Unknown artist

Category

Architecture / Drawings

Date

1777

Materials

Paper and ink

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Wimpole, Cambridgeshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, East of England, National Trust

NT 206294

Summary

Anonymous artist. Four copies of an engraving, View of the Gothic Tower at Wimpole after completion, 1777. Inscribed 'GOTHIC TOWER at WIMPLE' and accompanied by a four-stanza verse of twelve rhyming couplets by Daniel Wray (1701 - 83).

Full description

This engraved view shows the completed folly on the brow of Johnson's Hill in the north park. Framed by trees, the folly is backed by a stand of New England pines, and set off by a crescent-shaped ditch filled with water whose size and effect has been exaggerated. The accompanying verse, its meaning opaque in parts and which Jackson-Stops describes as a 'mixture of high romanticism and playful cynicism', was first published in ‘The Annual Register [ ...] for the year 1775’. It serves as a mock-elegy for a glorious medieval past in which a chivalrous, provincial nobility struggled for political liberty­ an interpretation that sat happily with Whig ideology and with eighteenth-century notions of associationism. William Hawkes records that a John Jeffreys wrote to Sanderson Miller in November 1777, explaining: 'I have a Print to show you, which will give you pleasure. It is of the ruin at Wimpole done from your old Plan, and finely engraved by Stewart, with a copy of verses under the print written by my brother, Mr. Wray'; Hardwicke sent Sanderson Miller a copy the following month. Miller made his last visit to Wimpole in 1775, and was no doubt delighted to see the ruins finally realized. On 18 February 1778, Hardwicke sent a copy of the engraving to William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth (1731-1801), then Lord Privy Seal, with the accompanying note: "In return for the marks of affection from you, I beg leave to send your Lordship the print of a Gothic Chateau-a ruin, which I have erected at Wimpole. Perhaps the views may strike you as no bad contrast between ancient and modern times. They are by a friend, I furnished the hint. I am, as a companion to this antique, engraving a modern italian loggia, which I have set up at Wimpole, under the auspices of Mr. Stewart. It shall be sent to your Lordship when finished" A reduced copy; entitled 'GOTHIC FOLLY at WIMPLE', and without the verse, was published by Fielding and Walker in March 1781-presumably as a pendant to Daniel Lerpiniere’s engraving of James 'Athenian' Stuart's Hill House. The names of neither artist nor engraver are known. It seems plausible, however, that the Hill House view, is after a lost drawing by Stuart. Might the architect also have drawn, and Lerpiniere engraved, the view of the folly - Jeffrey's witness that it was 'finely engraved by Stewart' perhaps means after Stuart's preparatory drawing? Wray's verse had a second public airing when it was published in The Gentleman's Magazine in 1779. Wray's biographer, George Hardinge, who also reproduces it, noted 'when Mr. Wray wrote the following Inscription I have not ascertained. Short as it is, it makes me lament that so lively a vein has been so negligent of its treasures'. Wray's joke to Miller that he might discover in the poem 'pieces of older and better versifyers' perhaps suggests that this classical scholar, who Hardinge says was 'very fond of quoting Latin verses from classical authors', and who contributed to the Yorke brothers' pseudonymous and fictitious correspondence of the Peloponnesian War, Athenian Letters (London, 1741-3), recycled various lines from ancient poetry; but it has too something of the flavour of Alexander Pope's ‘Essay on Man’. Catalogue entry adapted from David Adshead, Wimpole Architectural drawings and topographical views, The National Trust, 2007

Provenance

Bequeathed by Elsie Kipling, Mrs George Bambridge (1896 – 1976), daughter of Rudyard Kipling, to the National Trust together with Wimpole Hall, all its contents and an estate of 3000 acres.

Makers and roles

Unknown artist, artist and engraver Daniel Wray, FRS, FSA (1701-1783), author

References

Adshead 2007: David Adshead, Wimpole Architectural drawings and topographical views, The National Trust, 2007, p.50, no. 72 Menuge & Cooper 2001 Adam Menuge & Anwen Cooper, The Gothic Folly, Wimpole Park, Wimpole, Cambridgeshire, an Architectural Investigation Report, English Heritage, 2001, fig. 4 Adshead 1998 David Adshead, 'The design and building of The Gothic Folly at Wimpole, Cambridgeshire', The Burlington Magazine, vol. CXL, no. 1139, February 1998, pp. 76-84, fig.1 Thomas Cocke 1984 Thomas Cocke, The ingenious Mr Essex, architect, 1722-1784: an exhibition to mark the bicentenary of his death, exh.cat., Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 1984, cat.68 p. 60 Jackson-Stops 1979 Gervase Jackson-Stops, 'Exquisite Contrivances, The Park and Gardens of Wimpole - I', Country Life, CLXVI, no. 4287, 6 September 1979, pp. 658-61, fig.12

View more details