Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,885 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,415 items Explore
  • 4,945 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 101 items Explore
  • 9,295 items Explore
  • 13,023 items Explore
  • 2,386 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,098 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,925 items Explore
  • 959 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,906 items Explore
  • 406 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 15,599 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 898 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,181 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,379 items Explore
  • 1,496 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,630 items Explore
  • 8,896 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,736 items Explore
  • 5,363 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 857 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,491 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,672 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 309 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 784 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,037 items Explore
  • 986 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,175 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 23 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,830 items Explore
  • 3,237 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,808 items Explore
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 204 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 878 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 529 items Explore
  • 1,665 items
  • 1,412 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 3,685 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 29,666 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,052 items Explore
  • 190 items Explore
  • 7,021 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 719 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,069 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 17,849 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,864 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,262 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 47 items
  • 272 items
  • 333 items
  • 765 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,351 items Explore
  • 695 items Explore
  • 5,847 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,927 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,124 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,443 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 141 items
  • 7 items
  • 987 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,184 items Explore
  • 12,224 items Explore
  • 2,705 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,747 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,325 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,520 items Explore
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 1,755 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 27,965 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,072 items Explore
  • 193 items
  • 1 items
  • 17 items
  • 30 items
  • 47 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,768 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,812 items Explore
  • 853 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 191 items
  • 591 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,023 items Explore
  • 874 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,783 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 46 items
  • 634 items Explore
  • 2,868 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 7,477 items Explore
  • 18,272 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 140 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,780 items Explore
  • 3,484 items Explore
  • 2,618 items Explore
  • 4,676 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,834 items Explore
  • 4,024 items Explore
  • 461 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,760 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,273 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 366 items Explore
  • 5,768 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,828 items Explore
  • 2,142 items Explore
  • 3,297 items Explore
  • 8,392 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,485 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,696 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 61 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 466 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,237 items Explore
  • 45 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,895 items Explore
  • 1,233 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,817 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 1,975 items
  • 4,956 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,335 items Explore
  • 1,340 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,546 items Explore
  • 15,865 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,409 items Explore
  • 7,525 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,571 items Explore
  • 249 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 147 items Explore
  • 7,278 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 21,588 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 5 items
  • 543 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 161 items Explore
  • 10,842 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,215 items Explore
  • 1,852 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,064 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 56,665 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,626 items Explore
  • 2,638 items Explore
  • 149 items
  • 3,136 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 12,220 items Explore
  • 5,341 items
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 414 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,059 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 715 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,362 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,177 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 545 items Explore
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 848 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

A Landscape with Peasants (Landscape with Herdsmen fording a River)

Jan Asselyn (Dieppe c.1610 – Amsterdam 1652)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1635 - circa 1644

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

572 x 641 mm (22 1/2 x 25 1/4 in)

Place of origin

Italy

Order this image

Collection

Ascott Estate, Buckinghamshire

On show at

Ascott Estate, Buckinghamshire, London and South East, National Trust

NT 1535139

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, A Landscape with Peasants (Landscape with Herdsmen fording a River) by Jan Asselyn (Dieppe c.1610 – Amsterdam 1652), signed, bottom centre: JA (in ligature), circa 1635/44. An italianate landscape with a man mounted on a donkey conversing with a peasant girl on right ground in front; the girl holds a distaff and minds two cows and some sheep; on the left are rocks; to the right a valley with herdsmen and animals fording a stream.

Full description

Asselijn was, with Jan Both and Thomas Wijk, one of the second generation of specifically Dutch artists in Italy, and a pioneer of the idealised Italianate Dutch landscape. Despite the shortness of his career, he had a formative influence on such later practitioners of this genre as Claes Berchem, Aelbert Cuyp, Willem Schellinks (?1627-1678) - who also made a topographical tour of England - Carel du Jardin (1622-1678), and Adam Pijnacker (1621-1673), (i) of the four large landscapes by whom once at Attingham [NT] there is only one survivor there now. In addition to introducing an idealised version of the sunlit landscape of the South to Dutch painting, another of Asselijn's innovations was, as here, to open that landscape up, without conventional framing devices on either side. Although the present picture was at one point attributed to the Haarlem painter, Willem Romeyn (c.1624-c.1694) (ii), apparently in ignorance of the signature, that attribution has subsequently been corrected back to Asselijn, and there seems little doubt that the latter ascription is the right one. Romeyn was essentially a petit-maître, primarily interested in flocks and cattle - which is probably what led to the misattribution of the present picture - rarely lifting his head from their horizon to take a wider view of the kind of sweep of sky and distant landscape seen here (one of the few pictures of his to do so is the Landscape with Cattle auctioned at Lempertz, Cologne, 21 May 1970, lot 150)(iii). His touch is more tentative and pettifogging than here, and his figures more timid. The figures in the present picture are one of the strongest indices of Asselijn's authorship. The woman with her spindle, in particular, belongs to that phase of Asselijn's work in which he included boldly lit, comparatively prominent figures, painted in a way that recalls those of J.B. Weenix (1621-1663), with whom he actually collaborated on a picture now in the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna (the Naval Harbour, Inv.No. 761). The motif of herds strung out crossing a river winding through a rocky landscape is also one for which Asselijn seems to have had a particular fondness: cf. the paintings in the Louvre (Inv.No. 985) , in the Musées Royaux in Brussels (iv) , and in the Steengracht sale at Petit, Paris, 9 June 1913, lot 1; and the drawing in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge . The one element that is lacking in this picture - save in the far distance (but whose form is very similar to that of the ruin in the distance of the Brussels picture) is some fragment of an - often strikingly arched or vaulted - Antique ruin such as Asselijn was particularly partial to using, to give more character to his settings. These reflect the drawings of such ruins that he had made in Italy c.1640-c.1644, three series of which were engraved by G. Perelle when he was in Paris, c.1646/47. The vivid lighting, and the strong muscular forms of the cattle, in the present painting also find their parallels in Asselijn's works, notably in the Landscape with herdsmen driving cattle and sheep towards ruins in the Vienna Academy ; the Bullock with its feet in the water and herd-boy in the Staatliche Gemäldegalerie in Dresden , in which the bullock strongly resembles the left-hand one in the present picture, but for its head being turned to the spectator; and the Herdsman with bullock and dog amongst the ruins of the Temple of Jupiter Stator, also in Dresden, in which the cow appears to be painted from the same drawing as in the present picture, but with a more upraised head. There is a second painting by Asselijn at Ascott, a Cavalry Skirmish amongst trees and rocks , which is very close in character to Asselijn's last-known treatment of this subject with which he began his career before going to Italy, in the Statens Museum in Copenhagen . It is an indication of Asselijn's great receptivity as an artist that, in the space of his short career, he could progress from such formulaic battle-pieces, through idealised evocations of Italian landscape and ruins, to topographical reportage of the kind embodied in his Breach of the St. Anthony Dike in 1651 (Staatliches Museum, Schwerin) and Reconstruction of the St. Anthony Dike in 1652 (Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin) . None of his fellow Italianate Dutch artists who had actually made the journey to Italy was capable of thus turning his eye and hand to recording his native country. This picture is not mentioned by Waagen, probably because it was only acquired by Baron Lionel de Rothschild some time after Waagen's visit to England in 1851, but just possibly because it was kept at Gunnersbury, which Waagen did not visit. Lit: The Ascott Collection, The National Trust, 1963, No.25, p.16 (entry by F.St. John Gore); revised edn. 1974; reprinted 1980. Notes: (i) The picture was correctly ascribed to Asselijn in the lists of Baron Lionel de Rothschild's paintings, but was described as by Romeyn by the time of its transfer to the National Trust. The mistake was corrected in the first edition of St. John Gore's catalogue of The Ascott Collection in 1963, but the Courtauld photograph has always been filed in the Romeyn box, which may account for the picture's apparently being unknown to, and thus omitted from, Anne Charlotte Steland-Stief, Jan Asselijn, nach 1610 bis 1652, Amsterdam, 1971, whose foreword (p.6) reveals it actually to have been completed in 1963. (ii) Steland-Stief, 1971 cat. 186, pp.77 & 155, dated to c.1649; do., 'Zum zeichnerischen Werk des Jan Asselijn: Neue Funde und Forschungsperspektiven', Oud Holland, xciv, 1980, no.94, pp.213-58, no.12. Peter Sutton notes that: "the motif of the cattle train fording a river was one of Asselijn's favourites" in his Introduction to exh. cat. Masters of 17th Century Dutch Landscape Painting, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, &c., 1987, p.43. (iii) Steland-Stief, cat.124, pp.74, 143 & pl. XLVII, dated to 1647. (iv) Steland-Stief, cat.111, pp.73, 141, & pl. XLVI, dated to 1646/47. (v) Oud Holland, 1980, no.94, no.52. (vi) Steland-Stief, cat.101, pp.74-5, 139 & pl. XLVIII, dated to c.1648. (vii) Steland-Stief, cat. 138, pp.93-4, 146 & pl. LXV; exh. cat. Masters of 17th Century Dutch Landscape Painting, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, &c., 1987, no.2, dated to c.1649. (viii) Steland-Stief, cat. 53, pp.89-90, 131-132 & pl. LXI, dated to c.1650, and noting the influence of J.B. Weenix on the setting. A good copy is in the Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum Brunswick, variously attributed to Weenix himself, to Frederick Moucheron, or to Willem Schellinks (cf. Rüdiger Klessmann, Die holländischen Gemälde, Herzon Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig, 1983, p.16, no.366). (ix) F.St. John Gore, The Ascott Collection, The National Trust, 1963, p.26, no.45, as: 'Attributed to Jan Asselyn'. (x) Steland-Stief, cat. 15, pp.94, 125 & pl. LXVI, dated after 1646. (xi) cf. exh. cat. Masters of the 17th Century Dutch Landscape Painting, no.4. (xii) I am most grateful to Michael Hall for this information, which comes from a list of Baron Lionel's pictures drawn up not long before his death, in the archives of N.M. Rothschild & Sons Ltd.

Provenance

Baron Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879), recorded as in the Billiary Room at Gunnersbury in 1878/79; Leopold de Rothschild (1845-1917), Ascott; Anthony de Rothschild (1887-1961), Ascott; by whom given with the house, grounds, and most of the contents of the showrooms, in 1949

Credit line

Ascott, The Anthony de Rothschild Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

Jan Asselyn (Dieppe c.1610 – Amsterdam 1652), artist previously catalogued as attributed to Willem Romeyn (c. 1624 - 1694), artist

Exhibition history

In Trust for the Nation, National Gallery, London, 1995 - 1996, no.39

References

Ascott, Buckinghamshire, Scala, 2008 by John Martin Robinson and others [pictures entries by Karin Wolfe on basis of Gore entries, 1963 with contributions from Alastair Laing] , no. 48

View more details