Anne Frances Throckmorton (1664-1734), Prioress of the English Augustinian Convent of Notre-Dame-de-Sion, Paris
Nicolas Largillière (Paris 1656 - Paris 1746)
This picture is one of three of Austin nuns, all once at Coughton. They were all relatives of Sir Robert Throckmorton, 4th Bt., who evidently commissioned them from Largillière at the same time as his own (which is still at the house). Anne was the daughter of Sir Francis Throckmorton, 2nd Bt., and Anne Monson. She was a nun at Notre-Dame-de-Sion in Paris, the house of the Augustinian canonesses called the ‘Filles Anglaises’. She is shown holding a seal, which seems to denote her as Prioress.
Oil painting on canvas, Anne Frances Throckmorton (1664-1734), Prioress of the English Augustinian Convent of Notre-Dame-de-Sion, Paris, by Nicolas Largillière (Paris 1656 – Paris 1746), inscribed with name of the sitter: ANN DAUGHTER OF SR FRANCIS THROCKMORTON BART. A three-quarter-length portrait of an elderly lady, seated slightly right, hands crossed on her lap, holding a seal, wearing black hood and white-and-cream coloured robes; in the background a grey curtain drawn aside to reveal bookshelves. Anne Frances Throckmorton, daughter of Sir Francis Throckmorton 2nd Bt.
One of four portraits commissioned by Sir Robert Throckmorton, 4th Bt (1702-1791), in 1729 from Largillière in Paris of himself (see inv. no. 135620) and three of his Augustinian canoness relations; 1749 inventory of Weston Underwood, Buckinghamshire: listed in the Parlour, as one of the pictures in “carved and guilded frames”, as “Mrs Anne Throckmorton’s [portrait]”; moved to Coughton Court by 1855, when recorded there by an inventory; included in the sale at Christie’s, 26 June 1964, lot 69: bought in at £39,000 (because the limiting sum for the whole sale set by the Trustees of the will of Sir Richard Throckmorton, 10th Bt (1839–1927) had already been reached); purchased by the National Trust by private treaty from Mrs Andrew McLaren for £350,000 in 1993 with the help of grants of £225,000 from the National Heritage Memorial Fund and of £25,000 from the Art Fund (then called National Art Collections Fund). The other two portraits are in collections in America and Australia.
Coughton Court, The Throckmorton Collection (National Trust)
Makers and roles
Nicolas Largillière (Paris 1656 - Paris 1746), artist
Vertue, ‘Notebooks: Vol. V’, The Walpole Society, vol. XXVI, 1937–38, p.105 Rosenfeld 1981 Myra Nan Rosenfeld, Largillierre and the Eighteenth-Century Portrait, 1981, no. 56a, pp. 274-76 Lines c.1970: Charles Lines, Coughton Court and The Throckmorton Story, Manchester, s.d [c.1970], p. 27 Coughton Court, 1979 [The National Trust; James Lees-Milne;based on his guidebook of 1946, with picture entries added by F. St. John Gore] 1979 reprinted 1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, p. 24,no. 28 Hemingway & Haworth, 1993: Vincent Hemingway & Jeffrey Haworth, Coughton Court and the Throckmortons, Norwich 1993, pp.17 & 18 (illus.) Hemingway & Haworth 1997 Vincent Hemingway & Jeffrey Haworth, Coughton Court and the Throckmortons, Norwich, 1993;revised edition, 1997, p. 9 & illus. p. 30 National Art Collections Fund, 1992, National Art Collections Fund - Annual Report, 1992, p.109, no.3661 Conisbee, 2009. Philip Conisbee, French Paintings of the Fifteenth through the Eighteenth Century, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC, 2009, Joseph Baillio, under cat.68, pp.303-310, esp. pp.306 & 309 nn.18 & 19.