A Vestal Virgin

British (English) School
National Trust Inventory Number 1313475

Category Paintings
Date 1800 - 1899
Materials Oil on panel
Measurements 413 x 349 mm (16 1/4 x 13 3/4 in)
Place of origin
Collection A La Ronde, Devon (Accredited Museum)
On show at A La Ronde, Devon, South West, National Trust

A vestal virgin was a Roman priestess of the temple of Vesta, the goddess of the hearth and home. They maintained the scared fire which needed to be kept burning perpetually. They collected clean water, prepared food used in rituals and cared for objects in the temple's sanctuary. Here, wearing pure white robes and veil, a vestal virgin is seen pouring oil from a gold jug into an urn. They were sworn to chastity and the punishment for breaking the vow would be being buried alive. They had certain privileges, like being able to own their own property, make wills and vote, when other women could not, and were entrusted with legal matters.

Given that in the will of Mary Parminter, one of the creators of A la Ronde, it stipulates that only unmarried kinswomen should inherit the property, this is an appropriate painting to be found in the collection.

Summary description

Oil painting on panel, A Vestal Virgin, British (English) School, 18th century. An image of a young woman wearing a long white dress with a thin, white coat over and a chaplet of round white discs holding a long white veil onto her head. She stands, turned slightly towards a metal urn on a circular plinth to her left. She holds a small gold jug in her right hand from which she pours oil, or possibly water, into the urn which glows orange, releasing smoke, presumably incense, into the air. The woman holds the left side of her coat in her left hand. The event takes place in a shallow space against a dark background and the figure is probably located within a darkened interior. Roman vestal virgin tasks included the maintenance of the fire sacred to Vesta, the goddess of the hearth and home, collecting water from a sacred spring, preparation of food used in rituals and caring for sacred objects in the temple's sanctuary. Their sacred fire was treated, in Imperial times, as the emperor's household fire.

Provenance

Bought by Mrs Tudor's son, Simon/Jonathon;bought from Mrs Tudor Perkins, 1990

Credit line

A la Ronde, The Parminter Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

British (English) School, artist

Related items

Place of origin
Materials Oil paint (8301)
Wood (126849)
Category Paintings (12643)
Collection A La Ronde, Devon (Accredited Museum) (3925)
Periods 19th century (169897)
Maker British (English) School (3755)
Subjects
Object Type Oil painting (12579)

Record Status

Enhanced

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