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Diana and Callisto (after Titian)

after Titian (Pieve di Cadore 1488/90 - Venice 1576)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1560 - 1699

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

1700 x 1960 mm

Place of origin

Spain

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Collection

Knole, Kent (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Knole, Kent, London and South East, National Trust

NT 129865

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Diana and Callisto, after Titian (Pieve di Cadore 1488/90 - Venice 1576). A superior copy probably by a Spanish artist only surpassed by Rubens's version now in the Earl of Derby collection. A pair to P/163. A copy after the original from the Duke of Sutherland collection and now owned by the National Gallery, London and the National Galleries of Scotland which was painted for King Philip II of Spain between 1556 and 1559 and belongs to a group of large-scale mythologies inspired by the Roman poet Ovid’s Metamorphoses.Titian himself referred to them as ‘poesie’ - the visual equivalent of poetry. Callisto was an Arcadian nymph who was one of Diana’s companions in the chase and vowed to chastity. Zeus fell in love with her and raped her though she struggled against him she became pregnant. One very hot day, months later, Diana persuaded all her companions to undress and bathe in a cool stream, Callisto refused, and her companions stripped her clothes from her. Diana realising the truth, banished her. She gave birth to a son Arcas and Hera in a fury turned her into a bear and Diana set her dogs on her, Jupiter saved her and transported her to the heavens. Calisto was an attendant of Diana and she expected that her cult of chastity would be respected. However, Zeus, disguising himself as Diana, seduced Callisto – the scene shows Callisto’s obvious pregnancy being revealed to Diana – in disgust Diana transforms Callisto into a bear and sets the dogs on her – Callisto is rescued in the nick of time by Zeus who places her in the heavens to shine forever as the ‘Great Bear’.

Provenance

Purchased by the National Trust from the Sackville family in 1988 with the aid of the National Heritage Memorial Fund.

Credit line

Knole, The Sackville Collection

Makers and roles

after Titian (Pieve di Cadore 1488/90 - Venice 1576), artist previously catalogued as attributed to Alessandro Varotari, called Il Padovanino (Padua 1588 - Venice 1649), artist possibly Eugenio Cajés (Madrid 1575 - Madrid 1634), artist possibly Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo (Beteta province of Cuenca c.1612 – Madrid 1667), artist possibly Juan de Alfaro y Gámez (Cordova 1640- Madrid 1680) , artist

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