Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,454 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,033 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,512 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 167 items Explore
  • 10,625 items Explore
  • 13,628 items Explore
  • 4,621 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 153 items Explore
  • 2,038 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,760 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 19,202 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,113 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,644 items Explore
  • 456 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,266 items Explore
  • 788 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 788 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 14 items
  • 27,478 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 1,529 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,648 items Explore
  • 9,685 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,143 items Explore
  • 7,088 items Explore
  • 4,232 items Explore
  • 1,512 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 322 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,428 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,129 items Explore
  • 508 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 1,575 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,439 items Explore
  • 1,241 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,530 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 746 items Explore
  • 1,896 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,064 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,295 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,055 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 729 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,696 items Explore
  • 916 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,109 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,328 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 736 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,395 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,037 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 7,025 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,367 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,201 items Explore
  • 7,704 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,250 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 4,299 items Explore
  • 13,981 items Explore
  • 3,130 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,312 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,320 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,163 items Explore
  • 3,328 items Explore
  • 2,143 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 41,239 items Explore
  • 632 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,284 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 256 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 13,207 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,543 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 15 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2 items
  • 2,285 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,933 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,264 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 22,949 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,285 items Explore
  • 3,570 items Explore
  • 2,645 items Explore
  • 4,777 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,901 items Explore
  • 4,794 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,766 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,865 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 6,121 items Explore
  • 8,817 items Explore
  • 1,849 items Explore
  • 5,808 items Explore
  • 3,344 items Explore
  • 11,068 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,645 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,669 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 996 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,406 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,706 items Explore
  • 1,172 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,564 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,925 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,955 items Explore
  • 1,418 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,584 items Explore
  • 16,252 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,373 items Explore
  • 401 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 181 items Explore
  • 8,382 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,754 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 4,221 items Explore
  • 465 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 12,691 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 434 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,697 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,227 items Explore
  • 2,494 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 71,469 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,845 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 3,618 items Explore
  • 1,831 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,217 items Explore
  • 5,504 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 633 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 465 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,175 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 10,864 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 214 items
  • 16,808 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Sir John Astley (circa 1507-1596), Master of the Jewel Office

British (English) School

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1560

Materials

Oil on panel

Measurements

545 x 405 mm (21 1/2 x 16 in)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Seaton Delaval Hall, Northumberland

NT 1276682

Caption

John Astley was made Master of the Jewel Office in 1558. The office carried many financial benefits, including apartments in each of the Royal Palaces. This portrait is inscribed with a date of 1594, but it cannot be right, as the sitter, still with brown beard and hair, and a relatively unlined face, could not be 87 years old. It seems more likely that the portrait was painted to commemorate his appointment to the Royal household. The sitter was not always in favour, spending time in the Tower of London, but he managed to reinstate himself at court. In his later years he spent more time in Kent, and became an authority on horse breeding and riding. In 1584, he published perhaps his most enduring achievement, ‘The Art of Riding’.

Summary

Oil painting on panel, John Astley (c.1507-1596), Master of the Office House, British (English) School, circa 1560. Inscribed, at top: originally in small yellow script: 'Mr Jhon Astlye, mr of hiy Mats Jewel house: Anno Dnī.1594'. Overwritten in large white flowing script: 'John Astley of Maidstone in / Kent. Master of ye.. Jewell Office. 1594'.

Full description

The picture must post-date his appointment as Master of the Jewel House in 1558. The inscription dating the picture to 1594 cannot be right, as the sitter, still with brown beard and hair, and relatively unlined face, could not be 87 years old, but he does appear older than in a whole-length dated 1555. Son of Thomas Astley (d. in or after 1514), of Hill Morton and Melton Constable and his second wife, Anne Boughton (d. in or after 1508), sister-in-law of Sir James Boleyn. He married firstly, Katherine Champernowne in 1545 (d.1565), who bore him no issue, and secondly, Margaret Lenton (d. in or after 1596), illegitimate daughter of Lord Thomas Grey, who bore him three sons and three daughters. It seems probable that he first went to court when he was twelve, an introduction almost certainly engineered by his family, given that his mother’s sister was Anne Boleyn’s aunt. In 1543 he was made Gentleman Waiter to Prince Edward, and in the early years of Edward VI’s reign he became a close friend of Princess Elizabeth, and was a leading member of her household. However, Astley is perhaps best-known for his dismissal by the Privy Council from Elizabeth’s service in January 1549, followed by a spell in the Tower of London, for his and his wife’s actions concerning the efforts of the Lord Admiral, Thomas Seymour, Baron Seymour of Sudeley, to marry Elizabeth. He and his wife were soon reinstated, although he may have spent 1553-4 travelling in Italy, but had returned to England in 1555. His wife was dismissed for a second time in 1556. When Elizabeth acceded to the throne, the Astleys were reinstated: Katherine, was created Chief Gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber, and in 1558 Astley became Master of the Jewel House and Treasurer of the Queen’s jewels and plate. The office carried many financial benefits, including a poundage of 5% on all gifts to the crown in coin, the appointment of goldsmiths and jewellers, free victuals, and a suite of apartments in each Palace. However, being held responsible for any unaccounted losses, the post could also lead to financial ruin. In 1561 he entertained the Court at Enfeld during a hunt, and in 1564 when the Queen visited Cambridge, the University gave Astley an honorary degree. He sat for various seats, and also sat on a number of committees and in 1576 was appointed to petition the Queen on the question of her marriage. On the death of his wife, Astley spent more time in Kent, where he became an authority on horse breeding and riding, and in 1584, he published perhaps his most enduring achievement, The Art of Riding. He chose not to make a politically advantageous second marriage, at which point his court career effectively stalled. In 1569 he had exchanged a reversion to the castle and manor of Alington for a £50 annuity he received as Master of the Jewel House, and in 1584 the reversion fell in. He also acquired an estate at Otterden, which he sold in 1588. He had estates in Dorset, Kent and Middlesex. The latter part of his life was spent among the ranks of Elizabeth’s reliable old servants, favoured with office, but not trusted with power. He died on 1st August 1596 and was buried at All Saints Church, near Maidstone Palace, on 5th August. In his will, his widow was to keep the ‘great house’ at Maidstone, and not cut down trees on the estates. He also left 40 nobles to 40 poor people of Maidstone. (Amanda Bradley)

Provenance

Accepted in lieu of tax by HM Treasury and transferred to the National Trust in 2009

Credit line

Seaton Delaval, The Hastings Collection (National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

Top of panel: John Astley of Maidstone in / Kent. Master of ye.. Jewell Office. 1594 Top of panel: Mr Jhon Astlye, mr of hiy Mats Jewel house: Anno Dnī.1594.

Makers and roles

British (English) School, artist

View more details