Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,500 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,899 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,418 items Explore
  • 4,947 items Explore
  • 74 items Explore
  • 101 items Explore
  • 9,405 items Explore
  • 13,022 items Explore
  • 4,331 items Explore
  • 52 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,112 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,972 items Explore
  • 407 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,185 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,266 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 1,500 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,656 items Explore
  • 8,912 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,733 items Explore
  • 5,569 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 857 items Explore
  • 848 items Explore
  • 2,491 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,659 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 309 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 827 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,122 items Explore
  • 986 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,180 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 29 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,292 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,907 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 913 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 823 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 276 items Explore
  • 2,159 items
  • 2,101 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,683 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,677 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,052 items Explore
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,104 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 25 items
  • 717 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,528 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,292 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,864 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 50 items
  • 420 items
  • 3,261 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,351 items Explore
  • 695 items Explore
  • 5,848 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,981 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,260 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,538 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 997 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,196 items Explore
  • 12,229 items Explore
  • 2,721 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,973 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,329 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,847 items Explore
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 1,936 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 31,200 items Explore
  • 633 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,264 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 17 items
  • 30 items
  • 47 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,789 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,260 items Explore
  • 852 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 618 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,022 items Explore
  • 874 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,781 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 1 items
  • 73 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 2,687 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,010 items Explore
  • 19,404 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 333 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 159 items
  • 9,979 items Explore
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 2,615 items Explore
  • 4,670 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,098 items Explore
  • 4,023 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,809 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,274 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 378 items Explore
  • 5,081 items Explore
  • 8,918 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 8,684 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,488 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,785 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 46 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,894 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,124 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,820 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,009 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,324 items Explore
  • 1,340 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,546 items Explore
  • 16,132 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 35 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,683 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 7,332 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,930 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 543 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,845 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,093 items Explore
  • 588 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 56,893 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,599 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 14,885 items Explore
  • 5,116 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 2 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 417 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 715 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,362 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,180 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,680 items Explore
  • 935 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Apollo crowning a Poet and joining him with a Consort, witnessed by Hercules and by four other Females

Jacopo Tintoretto (Venice 1518 - Venice 1594)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1570 - 1579

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

2616 x 2286 mm (103 x 90 in)

Place of origin

Venice

Order this image

Collection

Kingston Lacy Estate, Dorset (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Kingston Lacy Estate, Dorset, South West, National Trust

NT 1257229

Caption

The subject of this picture has not been satisfactorily deciphered, despite its recent cleaning in 2010. A figure with a book, or possibly a tablet, borne upwards by two other figures, one of whom props open the book, is being crowned by Apollo, at whose feet are a gold chalice, a gold dish with coins on it, an open gold box, and a golden steeple. Hercules, wearing his lion skin and holding a spear and bow, looms in the clouds overhead. Three of the females could be the Three Graces and the lowest female sitting, with a die below her, with the five-spots-side showing to the front and three to the left - the Graces' attribute, as the handmaidens of Venus, who played games of chance. Or, more likely, she is Fortune, mistress of the sea, with a cornucopia, whose attribute is also a die. When William Bankes (1786–1855) acquired this picture from the Pasquali sisters, through Alvise (Ulisse) Mazzuoli, in Venice in 1850 he thought that it showed Apollo and the Muses, and intended it as the centrepiece of a Venetian-style ceiling over the Library at Kingston Lacy.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Apollo crowning a Poet and giving him a Consort, witnessed by Hercules and by four other Females by Jacopo Tintoretto (Venice 1519 - Venice 1594), 1570s. Apollo (or possibly Hymen), crowned with laurel, in the centre, on a cloth-covered seat in the sky, and with his feet on a gold chalice, a gold dish with coins on it, an open gold box, and a golden steeple, bends down and placing, with his right hand, a leafy crown over an androgynous figure, in loose blue and yellow drapery, holding a book (?or a stone tablet) against his thigh in his right hand, lower left. This figure is supported by two women: one – who helps prop up the book - draped, and with hair done up in a pearl-adorned net; the other, almost naked, with leaves in her hair. In his left hand Apollo (or Hymen) holds strands of an orange-flowered plant (?myrtle) over a virtually naked white-fleshed - but shadowed and very loosely-draped - young woman, who is holding a strand of the same plant in her right hand on the upper right. She is accompanied by another young woman. Below them, bottom right, sits Fortune, holding a cornucopia, over a die showing the face with five dots and three dots to the left. Above all these, in the sky, top left, Hercules, holding a spear in his right hand and a bow in the other (rather than his usual attribute of a club), looks down on them, and, at the very top, two cupids scatter roses. According to myth, Hercules was deified after his death and became one of the twelve gods on Mount Olympus. He married Hebe, the goddess of youth, who was the daughter of Jupiter and Juno and also the cup-bearer and a handmaiden to the gods. Another reading of the subject of the scene is that this is the marriage of Mercury (god of financial gain, commerce, eloquence) and mortal Philology (learning; love of reason) from the antique source of Martianus Capella’s 5th-century allegory, 'De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii', an edition of which was published in Vicenza in 1499. According to the biographer of Venetian artists, Carlo Ridolfi in 1648 an 'Apollo and the Muses' that this paintng was once entitled (erroneously) had two other paintings of 'Jove and Semele' and 'Venus and Adonis' at its sides when they hung in the Palazzo Pesaro at San Staë.

Provenance

Acquired by William John Bankes from the Pasquali sisters, through Alvise (Ulisse) Mazzuoli, in Venice in 1850 as 'Apollo & the Muses Tintoretto from the Grimani Palace, Venice' (Receipt, dated 26th March 1850, amongst the Bankes papers in the Dorset Record Office) and intended by him as the centrepiece of a new and raised Library ceiling, flanked by the two ‘Bonifazios' (now attributed to Palma Giovane), but he was dissuaded from this by his widowed sister, Anne Frances Bankes, Lady Falmouth, who slept in the bedroom above (see also his letter to her of 5 May 1854); bequeathed by Ralph Bankes, 1981.

Credit line

Kingston Lacy, The Bankes Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

Jacopo Tintoretto (Venice 1518 - Venice 1594), artist

References

Waagen 1857 Gustav Waagen, Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain, London, 1857, p. 379 Berenson 1957 Bernard Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Venetian School, (2 vols) 1957 , p.174, & pl.1307 Schulz 1968 Juergen Schulz, Venetian Painted Ceilings of the Renaissance, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1968, p.121 Nichols 1996 Tom Nichols, ‘Tintoretto, prestezza and the poligrafi: a study in the literary and visual culture of Cinquecento Venice’, in: Renaissance studies, 1996, V. 10, 1996, no. 1 Mar., 72-100. Laing 2012 Alastair Laing,‘Album amicorum: Oeuvres choisies pour Arnauld Brejon de Lavergnée’, Paris, 2012, pp.32-33

View more details