Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,325 items
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 17 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 89 items Explore
  • 39 items
  • 9,739 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,210 items Explore
  • 4,933 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 104 items Explore
  • 9,259 items Explore
  • 153 items Explore
  • 4,285 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,002 items Explore
  • 4,696 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 17,911 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,901 items Explore
  • 948 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,214 items Explore
  • 403 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 14,560 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 797 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 133 items
  • 1 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 903 items Explore
  • 832 items
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 21,644 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,236 items Explore
  • 1,450 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 193 items Explore
  • 7,638 items Explore
  • 8,888 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,743 items Explore
  • 5,341 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 848 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,379 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 314 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,027 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 305 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 817 items Explore
  • 475 items Explore
  • 908 items Explore
  • 895 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 4,837 items Explore
  • 165 items
  • 6 items
  • 292 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 22 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,245 items Explore
  • 829 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,388 items Explore
  • 1,089 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 43 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 116 items
  • 311 items
  • 957 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 537 items Explore
  • 1,665 items
  • 562 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 3,724 items Explore
  • 28,626 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,054 items Explore
  • 176 items Explore
  • 6,309 items Explore
  • 724 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 18,114 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 14,789 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 44 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,257 items Explore
  • 79 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 112 items
  • 272 items
  • 760 items
  • 1 items
  • 730 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 10,168 items Explore
  • 688 items Explore
  • 5,843 items Explore
  • 4,747 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,376 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 6,131 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 841 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,173 items Explore
  • 11,636 items Explore
  • 2,697 items Explore
  • 7,432 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,523 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 13,844 items Explore
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 1,624 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 26,941 items Explore
  • 633 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 20,852 items Explore
  • 100 items
  • 1 items
  • 14 items
  • 26 items
  • 5 items
  • 891 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 14,767 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 855 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 187 items
  • 587 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,031 items Explore
  • 783 items Explore
  • 1,823 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 29 items
  • 638 items Explore
  • 2,346 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 11 items
  • 12 items
  • 5,084 items Explore
  • 13,646 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 169 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,770 items Explore
  • 3,482 items Explore
  • 2,627 items Explore
  • 4,671 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,832 items Explore
  • 4,021 items Explore
  • 463 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,753 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,272 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 341 items Explore
  • 5,668 items Explore
  • 8,600 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,852 items Explore
  • 2,148 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 6,360 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,453 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 186 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 26 items Explore
  • 464 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,520 items Explore
  • 8,164 items Explore
  • 55 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 11,989 items Explore
  • 1,011 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,764 items Explore
  • 764 items Explore
  • 1,978 items
  • 3,989 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 10,831 items Explore
  • 1,234 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,553 items Explore
  • 15,772 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,680 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 5,407 items Explore
  • 6,665 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 6 items
  • 7 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 6,089 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 1 items
  • 423 items
  • 117 items Explore
  • 7,249 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 20,158 items Explore
  • 6,606 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 155 items Explore
  • 279 items
  • 1 items
  • 93 items Explore
  • 10,743 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 7,411 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9,145 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 44 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,221 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 559 items Explore
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 2,750 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,079 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 54,663 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,632 items Explore
  • 2,663 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 10,367 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 657 items Explore
  • 87 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 29 items
  • 42 items
  • 72 items
  • 72 items
  • 280 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 306 items
  • 46 items
  • 7,407 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 13,648 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 302 items
  • 543 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Cardinal Camillo Massimi (1620-1677)

Diego Velázquez (Seville 1599 - Madrid 1660)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1649 - 1650

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

759 x 610 mm (29 ⅞ x 24 in)

Order this image

Collection

Kingston Lacy Estate, Dorset (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Kingston Lacy Estate, Dorset, South West, National Trust

NT 1257142

Caption

Camillo Massimi (1620-1677) is wearing the peacock blue vestments of the private chamberlain to the Pope which Innocent X (1572-1655) had appointed him in 1646. Massimi, who was a member of the one of the most distinguished Roman families, was painted in the fairly rare ultramarine pigment by the Spanish artist Velázquez, on his second visit to Italy, between 1649-50. He was later indebted to the artist when he was initially refused to court by Philip IV whilst he was nuncio (papal ambassador) in Spain. He was later created Cardinal though with the accession of another Pope, Clement X, in 1670. Throughout his life he was a dedicated humanist, producing a new edition of Virgil, as well as being a great patron and collector of medals, antiquities and paintings, particularly by the French artists, Poussin and Claude, and more by Velázquez of the Spanish Royal family. After his death this portrait was known to have been owned by the Spanish Ambassador in Rome, Don Gaspar de Haro, Marquis del Carpio and de Heliche (1629 - 1687), another renowned collector, notably of the Rokeby Venus. This was confirmed when his collector’s mark and coronet were revealed by a recent examination of the original canvas underneath a relining. It was subsequently owned by Count Ferdinando Marescalchi (1754 - 1816) in Bologna from whose collection it was acquired - along with The Judgement of Solomon and Titian’s Nicolò Zen (1515-1565) - by William Bankes for Kingston Lacy in 1820 even though the sitter's identity had been forgotten and he was called just an 'Ecclesiastic'.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Cardinal Camillo Massimi (1620-1677) by Diego Velázquez (Seville 1599 - Madrid 1660),1649-50. Inscribed by brush in ink on the reverse of the original canvas: Coronet / DGH. (entwined) / 430 [DGH = D[on] G[aspar de] H[aro]]. A bust-length portrait of the great patron, collector and friend of Poussin. He is turned slightly to left, facing the spectator, seated in a red chair with gold fringed braid at top. He has large heavily-lidded dark eyes and thick red lips beneath a slim horizontal dark brown moustache and a vertical strip beard. He is wearing a black/grey biretta and shows a soft white linen collar falling over the silk sottana and serge soprana, in peacock blue - of a cameriere segreto or d’onore. He is painted in the habit as a cameriere segreto (private chamberlain) of Pope Innocent X (who had appointed him this in 1646) of peacock blue, and painted during the artist's second visit to Italy in 1649-50.

Provenance

Painted in 1649-50 in Rome for the sitter and in his possession until his death (in the inventory of his collection as showing the sitter “in the robes of prelate”); acquired by the Spanish Ambassador in Rome, Don Gaspar de Haro, Marquis del Carpio and de Heliche (1629 - 1687) and his possession until his death in Naples; [...]; acquired by William John Bankes from the Mareschalchi Collection in Bologna, 1819/20; bequeathed by Ralph Bankes, 1981

Credit line

Kingston Lacy, Tge Bankes Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

Diego Velázquez (Seville 1599 - Madrid 1660), artist

Exhibition history

Velázquez and the Family of Philip IV, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013 - 2014, no.2 The Treasure Houses of Britain, National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA, 1985 - 1986, no.492

References

Harris 1958 Enriqueta Harris, ‘Velazquez’s Portrait of Camillo Massimi’, Burlington Magazine, 1958, pp.279-280 López-Ray, 1963: José López-Rey, Velazquez: A Cataogue Raisonné of his Oeuvre, 1963, pp.282-283, no. 471, pl.136 Haskell 1963 & 1980 Francis Haskell, Patrons and Painters. Art and Society in Baroque Italy, London, 1963. Revised and enlarged 1980, p.115-119 Harris and Lank 1983, Enriqueta Harris and Herbert Lank, “The cleaning of Velazquez’s Portrait of Camillo Massimi’, Burlington Magazine, July 1983, no.125, p. 410 - 415 Gore 1986 F. St John Gore, 'The Bankes Collection at Kingston Lacy', Apollo, May 1986, pp. 302-7, pp.302, 306, pl.II on p.307 Beaven 2010 L. Beaven, An Ardent Patron. Cardinal Massimo and his Antiquarian Circle, London 2012 Colmer & Harris 1994 Jose Luis Colomer and Enriquitea Harris, 'Two Letters from Camillo Massimi to Diego Velázquez', The Burlington Magazine, CXXXVI, 1097, 1994, pp. 545-8

View more details