Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 39 items
  • 9,883 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,210 items Explore
  • 7,417 items Explore
  • 4,946 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 104 items Explore
  • 9,265 items Explore
  • 154 items Explore
  • 4,283 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,690 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,050 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,904 items Explore
  • 961 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,133 items Explore
  • 399 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 15,033 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 133 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 899 items Explore
  • 833 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 22,275 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,266 items Explore
  • 1,452 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,647 items Explore
  • 8,887 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,744 items Explore
  • 5,357 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 857 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,474 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 314 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,467 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 308 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 783 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 897 items Explore
  • 935 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,171 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 22 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,241 items Explore
  • 1,289 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,458 items Explore
  • 1,092 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 43 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 962 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 523 items Explore
  • 1,662 items
  • 562 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,727 items Explore
  • 29,322 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,055 items Explore
  • 189 items Explore
  • 6,770 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 719 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 18,619 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 16,218 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,263 items Explore
  • 79 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 19 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 112 items
  • 272 items
  • 760 items
  • 719 items
  • 1 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,410 items Explore
  • 689 items Explore
  • 5,846 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,787 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,125 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,145 items Explore
  • 6,298 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 845 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 194 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 1 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,188 items Explore
  • 12,125 items Explore
  • 2,698 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 7,391 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,531 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,862 items Explore
  • 3,290 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 27,460 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 20,948 items Explore
  • 150 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 30 items
  • 814 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,769 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,174 items Explore
  • 855 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 1 items
  • 186 items
  • 587 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,080 items Explore
  • 780 items Explore
  • 1,833 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 30 items
  • 632 items Explore
  • 2,702 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 5,645 items Explore
  • 15,487 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 169 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,784 items Explore
  • 3,484 items Explore
  • 2,618 items Explore
  • 4,670 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,833 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 463 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,751 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,273 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 365 items Explore
  • 5,677 items Explore
  • 8,647 items Explore
  • 1,825 items Explore
  • 2,150 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 7,275 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,489 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 598 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 466 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,570 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,193 items Explore
  • 45 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,952 items Explore
  • 1,241 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,812 items Explore
  • 768 items Explore
  • 1,977 items
  • 4,270 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,277 items Explore
  • 1,334 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,553 items Explore
  • 15,785 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,407 items Explore
  • 7,166 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,513 items Explore
  • 251 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 117 items Explore
  • 7,266 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,185 items Explore
  • 6,606 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 18 items
  • 193 items Explore
  • 279 items
  • 110 items Explore
  • 10,843 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 316 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,252 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,213 items Explore
  • 1,588 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,079 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 55,473 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,627 items Explore
  • 2,639 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 3,230 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 10,516 items Explore
  • 5,341 items
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 412 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 463 items
  • 46 items
  • 7,631 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,174 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 544 items Explore
  • 1,693 items Explore
  • 765 items Explore
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Cardinal Camillo Massimi (1620-1677)

Diego Velázquez (Seville 1599 - Madrid 1660)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1649 - 1650

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

759 x 610 mm (29 ⅞ x 24 in)

Order this image

Collection

Kingston Lacy Estate, Dorset (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Kingston Lacy Estate, Dorset, South West, National Trust

NT 1257142

Caption

Camillo Massimi (1620-1677) is wearing the peacock blue vestments of the private chamberlain to the Pope which Innocent X (1572-1655) had appointed him in 1646. Massimi, who was a member of the one of the most distinguished Roman families, was painted in the fairly rare ultramarine pigment by the Spanish artist Velázquez, on his second visit to Italy, between 1649-50. He was later indebted to the artist when he was initially refused to court by Philip IV whilst he was nuncio (papal ambassador) in Spain. He was later created Cardinal though with the accession of another Pope, Clement X, in 1670. Throughout his life he was a dedicated humanist, producing a new edition of Virgil, as well as being a great patron and collector of medals, antiquities and paintings, particularly by the French artists, Poussin and Claude, and more by Velázquez of the Spanish Royal family. After his death this portrait was known to have been owned by the Spanish Ambassador in Rome, Don Gaspar de Haro, Marquis del Carpio and de Heliche (1629 - 1687), another renowned collector, notably of the Rokeby Venus. This was confirmed when his collector’s mark and coronet were revealed by a recent examination of the original canvas underneath a relining. It was subsequently owned by Count Ferdinando Marescalchi (1754 - 1816) in Bologna from whose collection it was acquired - along with The Judgement of Solomon and Titian’s Nicolò Zen (1515-1565) - by William Bankes for Kingston Lacy in 1820 even though the sitter's identity had been forgotten and he was called just an 'Ecclesiastic'.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Cardinal Camillo Massimi (1620-1677) by Diego Velázquez (Seville 1599 - Madrid 1660),1649-50. Inscribed by brush in ink on the reverse of the original canvas: Coronet / DGH. (entwined) / 430 [DGH = D[on] G[aspar de] H[aro]]. A bust-length portrait of the great patron, collector and friend of Poussin. He is turned slightly to left, facing the spectator, seated in a red chair with gold fringed braid at top. He has large heavily-lidded dark eyes and thick red lips beneath a slim horizontal dark brown moustache and a vertical strip beard. He is wearing a black/grey biretta and shows a soft white linen collar falling over the silk sottana and serge soprana, in peacock blue - of a cameriere segreto or d’onore. He is painted in the habit as a cameriere segreto (private chamberlain) of Pope Innocent X (who had appointed him this in 1646) of peacock blue, and painted during the artist's second visit to Italy in 1649-50.

Provenance

Painted in 1649-50 in Rome for the sitter and in his possession until his death (in the inventory of his collection as showing the sitter “in the robes of prelate”); acquired by the Spanish Ambassador in Rome, Don Gaspar de Haro, Marquis del Carpio and de Heliche (1629 - 1687) and his possession until his death in Naples; [...]; acquired by William John Bankes from the Mareschalchi Collection in Bologna, 1819/20; bequeathed by Ralph Bankes, 1981

Credit line

Kingston Lacy, Tge Bankes Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

Diego Velázquez (Seville 1599 - Madrid 1660), artist

Exhibition history

Velázquez, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, 2015, no.74 Velázquez and the Family of Philip IV, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013 - 2014, no.2 The Treasure Houses of Britain, National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA, 1985 - 1986, no.492

References

Harris 1958 Enriqueta Harris, ‘Velazquez’s Portrait of Camillo Massimi’, Burlington Magazine, 1958, pp.279-280 López-Ray, 1963: José López-Rey, Velazquez: A Cataogue Raisonné of his Oeuvre, 1963, pp.282-283, no. 471, pl.136 Haskell 1963 & 1980 Francis Haskell, Patrons and Painters. Art and Society in Baroque Italy, London, 1963. Revised and enlarged 1980, p.115-119 Harris and Lank 1983, Enriqueta Harris and Herbert Lank, “The cleaning of Velazquez’s Portrait of Camillo Massimi’, Burlington Magazine, July 1983, no.125, p. 410 - 415 Gore 1986 F. St John Gore, 'The Bankes Collection at Kingston Lacy', Apollo, May 1986, pp. 302-7, pp.302, 306, pl.II on p.307 Beaven 2010 L. Beaven, An Ardent Patron. Cardinal Massimo and his Antiquarian Circle, London 2012 Colmer & Harris 1994 Jose Luis Colomer and Enriquitea Harris, 'Two Letters from Camillo Massimi to Diego Velázquez', The Burlington Magazine, CXXXVI, 1097, 1994, pp. 545-8

View more details