Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,767 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 5,008 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,629 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,576 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,066 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,703 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,048 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 1,108 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,608 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 18,921 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 148 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,438 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,558 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 154 items Explore
  • 9,176 items Explore
  • 9,676 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,053 items Explore
  • 5,639 items Explore
  • 4,053 items Explore
  • 1,216 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,327 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 487 items Explore
  • 1,101 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,041 items Explore
  • 1,488 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,075 items Explore
  • 1,186 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 844 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 2,396 items
  • 2,534 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,382 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 31,831 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 238 items Explore
  • 7,943 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 713 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 158 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,513 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,551 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 106 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 131 items
  • 293 items
  • 863 items
  • 725 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 10,747 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,267 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 6,038 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,316 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,724 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,172 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 13,461 items Explore
  • 2,738 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,298 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,051 items Explore
  • 3,308 items Explore
  • 2,118 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 37,819 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,268 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 108 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,615 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,530 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 219 items
  • 683 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,651 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 82 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,011 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,325 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,286 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,633 items Explore
  • 4,753 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,448 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,583 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 42 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,880 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,855 items Explore
  • 4,732 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,013 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,584 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 88 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 461 items
  • 1 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,607 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,287 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,198 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,546 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,974 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,727 items Explore
  • 1,386 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,569 items Explore
  • 16,048 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 57 items
  • 5,740 items Explore
  • 8,023 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,318 items Explore
  • 283 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 461 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,318 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,444 items Explore
  • 6,917 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,098 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,214 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,615 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,195 items Explore
  • 2,204 items Explore
  • 731 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 70,079 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,639 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 30 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,532 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 84 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 815 items
  • 45 items
  • 9,566 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 265 items
  • 15,494 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 380 items
  • 2 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 157 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints

Italo-Byzantine School

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1317 - 1350

Materials

Egg tempera and gold on panel

Measurements

394 x 279 mm (15 1/2 x 11 in)

Order this image

Collection

Polesden Lacey, Surrey (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Polesden Lacey, Surrey, London and South East, National Trust

NT 1246462

Caption

The origin of this triptych, which incorporates both medieval Italian and Byzantine styles of painting, is contentious. Most recently it has been identified as the work of a Constantinople-trained master working to the requirements of a patron in Venice where the iconography of the Eastern Orthodox Church continued to be revered into the 14th century (Bacci 2013). The individuals who commissioned private devotional objects such as this would select saints for depiction according to their own or their family's namesakes, or who were connected to significant places or events in their lives. These holy personages were to act as intercessors of their prayers. This hierarchical conception of the sacred realm is reflected in the tiered organisation of the triptych, with the Virgin and Christ Child enthroned in Glory in the central panel and the saints arranged below and on each wing.

Summary

Egg tempera and gold painting on panel, The Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints, Italo-Byzantine School, early 14th century. A Crucifixion in the gable of the central panel and an Annunciation across the gables of each side panel. The saints and other figures are as follows: central panel, the Virgin, Child and angels with Saints Peter and Paul, in the squinches above the arch are Saints John and Saint Luke; below, Saint Lucy of Syracuse, Saint Margaret (possibly of Cortona or Antioch), Theodosia (presumably the Empress), and Saint Catherine. Left-hand panel, the Archangel Michael between Saints Cosmas and Damian under the lion of Saint Mark; below, Saint George killing the dragon. Right-hand panel, Saint John the Baptist between Saints Nicholas and Anthony Abbot under the angel of Saint Matthew; below, Saint Dominic between Saints Francis and Louis of Toulouse.

Provenance

The date of acquisition by Margaret Greville (1863-1942) is unrecorded. It was originally kept at her house in Charles Street, London. Bequeathed in 1942 by Margaret Helen Greville DBE (1863-1942) to the National Trust, along with the Polesden Lacey Estate in memory of her father William McEwan MP (1827-1913). [The probate inventory of January 1943 shows this on the record for Polesden Lacey pictures, drawings etc., stored in the safe, page 175.]

Credit line

Polesden Lacey, The McEwan Collection (National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

two paper labels, the earlier with the letters DO followed by numbers and the date 1929 (inventory of Mrs Greville?). the later label has what is thought to be a storage number, following the 1960 fire (on reverse) Verso: on back of right wing, over ruddling, in big black-painted letters: A.A. – the second A over, in thinner black paint: no 57; and on the left-hand wing, in same thick black: 64; two paper labels, the earlier with the letters DO followed by numbers, and the date 1929 (an inventory number of Mrs. Greville’s? quaere whether there is not a similar label on the back of the Corneille de Lyon pseudo-James V, and perhaps others on other pictures?); the latter has what is thought to be a storage number, following the 1960 fire. Verso: Label on back of shadow-box, inscribed in black ink: W. O. / 4343 / 7/2/29 [see also POL/P/15, the Corneille de Lyon portrait of an unknown man, called James V, which bears the label: W.O. / 7743 / 15/1/36; and PET/P/311, Van Dyck’s portrait of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, which bears the octagonal label, inscribed in biro: WO / 13557 / 3]; large label printed: 264

Makers and roles

Italo-Byzantine School, photographer

Exhibition history

Byzantium: Treasures of Byzantine Art & Culture from British Collections, British Museum, London, 1994, no.223

References

Polesden Lacey, Surrey [The National Trust; St. John Gore] 1964, p.19, no.21 Frinta 1987 Mojmír S. Frinta, ‘Searching for an Adriatic Painting Workshop with Byzantine Connection’, ЗОЃРαФ [Zograf], vol.18, 1987, pp.14-18 Byzantium: Treasures of Byzantine Art & Culture from British Collections (exh cat) (ed. David Buckton), British Museum, London, 9 December 1994 - 23 April 1995, pp.206-207, no.223 Bacci 2013, Michele Bacci, 'Some Thoughts on Greco-Venetian Artistic Interactions in the Fourteenth and Early-Fifteenth Centuries' in Wonderful Things: Byzantium through its Art, ed. Antony Eastmond and Liz James, Farnham and Burlington, VT 2013, pp.203-11 Chu 2017 John Chu, The Pictures at Polesden Lacey, National Trust, 2017, p.12

View more details