Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,434 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,029 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,440 items Explore
  • 4,911 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,470 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,213 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,811 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,281 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 17,065 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 810 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 24,271 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 1,508 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,690 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,724 items Explore
  • 5,426 items Explore
  • 4,061 items Explore
  • 936 items Explore
  • 904 items Explore
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,272 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 771 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,263 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,312 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,492 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 761 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 822 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 2 items
  • 278 items Explore
  • 2,344 items
  • 2,503 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,686 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 235 items Explore
  • 7,524 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 719 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,286 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,485 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,001 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 82 items
  • 446 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 273 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 699 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 5,032 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,272 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,909 items Explore
  • 179 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,732 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,140 items Explore
  • 34 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,321 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,587 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,982 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 35,588 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,305 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,564 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,907 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 198 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,058 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,873 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,666 items Explore
  • 20,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,188 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 1 items
  • 10,074 items Explore
  • 3,526 items Explore
  • 2,612 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,350 items Explore
  • 4,029 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,272 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,403 items Explore
  • 8,945 items Explore
  • 1,827 items Explore
  • 3,578 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,827 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,525 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,943 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 455 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 29 items
  • 3,563 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 43 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,986 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,990 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2,006 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,350 items Explore
  • 1,346 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,537 items Explore
  • 15,848 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,412 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,947 items Explore
  • 245 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,628 items Explore
  • 6,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,429 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 3 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,356 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,214 items Explore
  • 718 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 58,927 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,595 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,150 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,564 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 627 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 329 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,417 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,294 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 894 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Oxburgh Retable

Pieter Coecke van Aelst the elder (Aalst 1502 - Brussels 1550)

Category

Furniture

Date

1500 - 1530

Materials

Oak and deal, painted panels

Measurements

350 x 427.5 x 106.2 cm

Place of origin

Antwerp

Order this image

Collection

Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk, East of England, National Trust

NT 1209874.1

Caption

The Oxburgh altarpiece was acquired to adorn the 19th century Chapel, celebrating the Bedingfelds’ Catholic faith. It was only after the relaxation of laws against Catholicism that such an imposing object could be displayed.

Summary

The Oxburgh Retable, a composite altertable, Flemish, second quarter of the 16th century with painted panels, almost certainly by Pieter Coecke van Aelst (1502-1550) who entered the Antwerp Guild of Painters in 1527, inscribed on the hems of two of the garments of the figures: MOREA, and YOLRWORPIN.

Full description

The ‘hand’ mark of Antwerp is stamped into several of the carved sections of the retable, and its ‘burcht’, or castle (guaranteeing the quality of the polychromy), appears twice below the hinges of the painted wings. Made up of a carved triptych showing scenes of the Passion and from the life of St James of Compostella. Enclosed by painted wings which act as doors, resting on a carved and gilded altar-table and tabernacle. Of three elements - at the bottom, the altar table carved on the front with The Mocking of Christ, The Deposition and The Flagellation. In the middle, a semi-octagonal sacrament tabernacle, flanked by panels painted with scenes from the life of St Catherine. At the top, a retable or triptych, probably made in Antwerp in 1520-1530. The carved scenes depict, in the centre, The Crucifixion, flanked by The Road to Calvary and The Deposition. In the lower register are Pilate, and possibly Caiaphas. The painted wings show more scenes from the Passion story and from the life of St James of Compostela on the inside and on the outside the four Fathers of the Church. A wooden and metal armature has been installed by NT to ensure structural stability with the wings open. The tabernacle was originally topped by a tall pinnacled 'exposition throne' or aedicule set against red curtains, this was replaced in the 1860s by the retable. (James Weedon 2017)

Provenance

Made for an unknown location; reputedly acquired by Sir Henry Bedingfeld, 6th Bt (1800-62) in Bruges, where his sister was a nun for nearly fifty years but possibly really obtained (like some of his furniture) by him from the Belgian woodcarver (responsible for the added figures?) and dealer, Malfait, to replace the upper part of the neo-Gothic tabernacle originally installed in the Chapel when it was built (1835-37); or even by Sir Henry Bedingfeld, 7th Bt (1830-1902), since the widow of the 8th Bt - yet another Sir Henry (1860-1941) - claimed that her husband remembered its arrival at King’s Lynn [which has caused Christa Grössinger to say that it was bought in King’s Lynn in the 1860s - this seems the most probable, since it seems unlikely that the 6th Bt, who had only had the tabernacle made less than thirty years before his death, should have swept it away so soon; it is still visible in Matilda Bedingfeld’s watercolour of the interior of the Chapel, done shortly before her marriage to Captain Neville in 1855]; thence, by descent, in situ, until bought by the National Trust in 1982, with the aid of grants from the National Art Collections Fund, The National Heritage Memorial Fund, and the Victoria & Albert Museum-administered purchase support fund

Makers and roles

Pieter Coecke van Aelst the elder (Aalst 1502 - Brussels 1550), furniture designer and maker

References

Grössinger 1992 Christa Grössinger, North European Panel Paintings: A Catalogue of Netherlandish and German Paintings before 1600 in English Churches and Colleges, London 1992, pp.171-77 Woods 1988 Kim Woods, Netherlandish carved wooden altarpieces of the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries in Britain, unpublished PhD thesis, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, 1988, pp.227-236 Maddison 1984 John Maddison, “The Oxburgh altarpiece,” National Art Collections Fund Review (1984), pp.145-6 Wainwright 1993 Clive Wainwright, “Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk. I,” Country Life 09 December 1993, pp.40-3. Wainwright 1993 Clive Wainwright, “Oxburgh Hall, Norfolk. II.” Country Life 16 December 1993, pp.48-51 McClure and Woudhuysen 1994 Ian McClure and Renate Woudhuysen, “The Oxburgh Chapel altarpiece: examination and conservation,” Apollo 139.387 (1994), pp.20-23. Jacobs 1998 Lynn F. Jacobs, Early Netherlandish Carved Altarpieces, 1380-1550: Medieval Tastes and Mass Marketing, Cambridge, 1998, p.196 Woods 1999 Kim Woods, “Some sixteenth-century Antwerp carved wooden altar-pieces in England,” Burlington Magazine 141.1152 1999, pp.144-55 Woods 2007 Kim Woods, Imported Images: Netherlandish Late Gothic Sculpture in England c.1400-c.1550, Donington, 2007, pp.164 & 455-65, illus. Antwerpse retabels, 15de-16de eeuw, vol.I: Catalogus, (ed. Hans Nieuwdorp), (exh. cat.), Antwerp Cathedral, 1993, pp.117 & 194

View more details