Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,444 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,898 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,420 items Explore
  • 4,914 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,431 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,684 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,124 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,810 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,974 items Explore
  • 408 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,676 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 896 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,868 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,310 items Explore
  • 1,505 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 190 items Explore
  • 7,655 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,732 items Explore
  • 5,411 items Explore
  • 4,030 items Explore
  • 924 items Explore
  • 868 items Explore
  • 3,086 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,141 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 845 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 5,180 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,833 items Explore
  • 1,311 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,349 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 962 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 824 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 275 items Explore
  • 2,257 items
  • 1,969 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,678 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,063 items Explore
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,407 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 723 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,046 items Explore
  • 825 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,920 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,883 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 698 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,976 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,249 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,581 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,919 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,197 items Explore
  • 12,475 items Explore
  • 2,731 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 7,980 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,326 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,103 items Explore
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 1,942 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 162 items
  • 33,895 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,267 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,561 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,259 items Explore
  • 858 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 872 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,058 items Explore
  • 878 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,802 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,854 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,451 items Explore
  • 20,196 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,187 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 9,986 items Explore
  • 3,527 items Explore
  • 2,617 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,344 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,280 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,368 items Explore
  • 8,947 items Explore
  • 1,828 items Explore
  • 2,765 items Explore
  • 3,302 items Explore
  • 8,811 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,510 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,864 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 143 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 458 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 988 items
  • 3,555 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,308 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,926 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,835 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,010 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,334 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,545 items Explore
  • 16,137 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,410 items Explore
  • 7,515 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,846 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 7,385 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 21,436 items Explore
  • 6,522 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 557 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 2 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 10,838 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,305 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 27 items
  • 1,246 items Explore
  • 2,210 items Explore
  • 649 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 57,405 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,592 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,124 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,274 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 449 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,380 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 949 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,293 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 805 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Pope Clement XIV (Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli) (1705-1774)

Christopher Hewetson (Thomastown 1737 - Rome 1798)

Category

Art / Sculpture

Date

1771 (inscribed)

Materials

White marble

Measurements

806 mm (31 3/4 in) high

Place of origin

Rome

Order this image

Collection

Beningbrough Hall, North Yorkshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Beningbrough Hall, North Yorkshire, North, National Trust

NT 1191237

Caption

When did the word ‘condescension’ take on a pejorative meaning? One asks because it appears in correspondence related to this marble bust of Pope Clement XIV which was brought to England in 1771 by Mr and Mrs Earle of Beningbrough Hall. The couple had been travelling in Rome when Mrs Earle, feeling unwell, received papal permission to rest in a convent. Her husband later wrote that the Pope had 'shown us many marks of the most condescending distinction'. Mr Earle presumably bought this bust as a memento of what was for him, clearly a pleasant encounter. Clement XIV, pope from 1769 to 1774, was described as a man of formidable physique, and the present sculpture attests to this. The sculptor, Christopher Hewetson, skillfully conveys the Pontiff's fleshy, lined features and discerning sideways glance. He is most certainly an imposing presence. Hewetson was born in Ireland but spent his career in Rome in the circle of neo-classicists. His busts of Clement XIV, of which this is the earliest of four versions, were acquired by Grand Tourists, often on the advice of the Scottish neoclassical painter and antiquities hunter, Gavin Hamilton. Clement XIV planned but did not live to carry out a radical extension of the Vatican Galleries and acquired much of the antique statuary for it from Hamilton. It was almost certainly through him that the pope was introduced to the Irish sculptor. The aforementioned Mrs Earle, née Margaret Bourchier, was the niece and heiress of John Bourchier, who completed Beningbrough Hall in 1716. The Earles were in Rome from 1770 where they stayed at Cardinal Albani’s villa in the town of Castel Gandolfo where the pope also had a summer palace. Perhaps they had the occasion to enjoy papal condescension on more than one occasion.

Summary

White marble sculpture, Pope Clement XIV (Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli, 1705-1774) by Christopher Hewetson (Thomastown 1737 - Rome 1798), inscribed and dated Clemens XIV Ponti MDCCLXXI, Rome 1771. Hewetson, born in Ireland, lived in Rome from about 1764 until his death and was friendly with the neo-classicists. This is the earliest of four known versions, all now in Britain (one in V&A signed and dated 1773 from Margam Castle, Glamorgan) it was probably acquired by Giles and Margaret Earle - niece of John Bourchier who built Beningbrough Hall - in Italy in 1770/1, possibly on the advice of Gavin Hamilton, principal dealer (along with Thomas Jenkins). They bought it after Mrs Earle received special papal permission to spend a day in a convent on which subject her husband wrote that the Pope 'has shown us many marks of the most condescending distinction'.

Provenance

Probably acquired by Giles (1732 - 1811) and Margaret Earle (1739 - 1827) in Italy in 1770/1, the latter by whom bequeathed with Beningbrough Hall to a cousin, the Reverend and Hon. William Payan Dawnay (later Viscount Downe); sold with house and to the 10th Earl and Countess of Chesterfield, 1917; recorded in 1927; accepted in lieu of tax from HM Treasury, from the estate of Lady Chesterfield (1878 -1957) in 1958

Makers and roles

Christopher Hewetson (Thomastown 1737 - Rome 1798), sculptor

Exhibition history

The Treasure Houses of Britain, National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA, 1985 - 1986, no.190 Souvenirs of the Grand Tour, Wildenstein, London, 1982, no.53

References

Hodgkinson 1958 Terence Hodgkinson, Christopher Hewetson, and Irish Sculptor in Rome, Walpole Society, XXXIV, 1958, pp. 42-54 Whinney 1971 Margaret Whinney, English Sculpture (V&A Museum), 1971, 110

View more details